London Review of Books dating

Karezza Personals: Meet people interested in pursuing a karezza relationship

2019.06.29 03:56 stargazing_dolphins Karezza Personals: Meet people interested in pursuing a karezza relationship

karezzapersonals: Meet people interested in pursuing a karezza relationship
[link]


2020.10.15 00:10 travelogicanet How To Compare flights with Travelogica can Save You Time, Stress, and Money.

How To Compare flights with Travelogica can Save You Time, Stress, and Money.
With regards to fleet dimension and number of routes it’s the largest airline in Britain, but with regards to passenger quantities it comes next to price range airline Easyjet. Easyjet specialise To put it briefly-haul flights, primarily to European and domestic destinations.
Discover cheap tickets for your upcoming holiday or for a short weekend trip with eDreams. Use our online search engine and choose your departure city, the destination city, plus the dates of vacation and click "Lookup Flight".
Highest of 2 little ones for every Grownup. Greatest amount of Older people per area is 4 The utmost number of passengers is 9. Remember to specify the age of the children Make sure you point out the age of the babies Please specify the age of the kid and infant Near

https://preview.redd.it/1om3j5fpv4t51.jpg?width=1080&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=ae596df0bd2ea4b9248d6e0224e788cd1eb9358e
Have you ever noticed Travelogica Fare Compare Deals app? It helps you discover the cheapest flight and family vacation deals from your city at the moment. See what's trending inside your city now.
Sign up for our Bonus Plan and generate bonuses even though you purchase cheap flight tickets. From each buy you get bonuses which you could possibly use whilst buying new tickets. Acquire flight tickets, get one% from each obtain with your account, and conserve on you additional travels.
Even though booking with us, you may get prompt off with Each and every booking. Also, you may view all flight gives to the website. But be sure to Make sure you implement the coupon code at time of constructing your online flight booking.
Sizzling Suggestion: Undecided what’s the best charge card to utilize on your flight? Take a look at these wonderful credit flights cheapest ticket cards for airline purchases.
This way, it is possible to see if leaving per day or two before will discover you a better offer. You may compare flights prices also decide on the flexible 'weekend' or 'month' lookup options to widen your quest array and discover the cheapest price that actually works for you.
Although there are actually economic perks for early reservations to some destinations, you may nonetheless grab some spontaneous bargains. Some airfare info shows that men and women have ordered discount tickets to numerous overseas countries with as minimal for a 6 week ahead of time reservation slot.

compare flights and hotels worldwide
Have you ever found FareCompare Deals app? It can help you find the cheapest flight and family vacation deals from your city right now. See what is trending as part of your city now.
Compare flights with Travelogica for cheap flights checker the cheap flights brussels to london very best Global flight routes. Locate cheap flight tickets for every one of the major airlines around the world. Travelogica's flight finder searches hundreds of journey sites that can assist you find airline tickets and book a flight that satisfies you best.
Simple. If the time feels appropriate, make use of the calendar to discover the cheapest month, as well as working day, to fly. At the moment, we spotlight airlines that offer adaptable ticket insurance policies to provide you with added satisfaction after you book.
Why not compare hotel prices or hire an auto from the airport during your travels. With Compare and Pick we ensure it is as uncomplicated as is possible to locate the data you need whenever you need to have it.
If you’ve acquired a trip in your mind however flights cheapest you’re not willing to book, there’s no pressure. Set up a Price Inform. We’ll enjoy fares for you personally, and allow you to know through e-mail whenever they increase or tumble. Go one action even more and down load our application, so You can even get Price Alerts straight towards your cell phone.

Disclaimer: Any feedback outlined down below usually are not from the lender advertiser, nor have they been reviewed or authorised by them. No duty might be taken through the lender advertiser for these reviews.
The solution totally depends on the destination you are traveling to. Through the peak tourism period of any destination, the ticket prices are on the upper side. Off seasons is the ideal time for you to vacation even so, you should make sure the local weather problem has to be appropriate more than enough to the journey.
In terms of price goes, you aren’t essentially getting a deal booking by way of Travelogica, however, you aren’t paying any much more than you could within the airline’s website.
Thousands of photographs from true vacationers Allow you to peek inside the aircraft before you buy your ticket. Our airline evaluations present unbiased viewpoints to assist you to choose the ideal airline and flight to your trip.
Thanksgiving and yuletide will likely be in this article before you decide to realize it. Do you think you're All set? If not, take a look at the subsequent recommendations to help you…
Dreaming of that up coming escape? We will enable you to plan as being the world reopens. Find a future date to fly, then monitor fares with Price Alerts.
Perspective summary · FareCompare u/FareCompare vegas flights and hotels Mar nine A number of airlines appear to be starting sale working day (Tuesday) somewhat early. When you are looking at a trip, you should have a look at prices sometime today: little bit.ly/2TNNdCI #cheapflights
Price Warranty: If you find a decreased price on A similar itinerary inside 24 several hours, Travelocity will refund the real difference in price plus give you a $fifty credit score to use on a long term booking.
Unfortunately, compare flights to chicago this site charges significant booking costs — as much as $25 on domestic tickets and nearly $fifty on Worldwide tickets — so cheap flights to newark nj any income you could save by shifting your dates around a little could get eaten up in service fees.
com Team Limited) as Trip.com. Not one person site works for everybody so it’s good to review quite a few from the obtainable choices. And that is what was accomplished here.
Price Graph reveals you the pricing tendencies on your route and lets you see what days could possibly be cheaper to fly.
Obviously, to book throughout the airline’s website, you 1st will need to know which airline cheap flights delta has the best prices. There are plenty of vacation search engines compare flights to new zealand from uk like google and OTAs that can help you discover the best deals, so you already know which airline’s website to visit.
On FareCompare, you’ll locate cheap flights for domestic and international journey. Given that airlines transform flight prices constantly, Join Fare Alerts and let FareCompare’s vacation online search engine keep track of airline ticket prices of all main airlines, so you’ll be to start with in line to find the cheapest tickets.
If you'd like to include a comment to this post and share your worthwhile feedback and views, you should click here to go away your comment.
A Secret Weapon For Flights cheap deals Very low Price Promise: If you discover a decrease price for the flight on A further website within just 24 several hours, Orbitz will refund the difference.
What do you'll want to do? Simply just enter in the favored destinations and select from the list of Calafia Airlines cheap flights accessible which route, time and range of stops is most effortless for yourself.
KAYAK's flight Price Forecast Device uses historic info to find out whether the price for the offered destination and date is probably going to alter within just seven days, so travellers know irrespective of whether to wait or book now.
Numerous airlines are giving new booking procedures which we emphasize within our flight lookup. These guidelines differ, but are geared toward featuring you relief that if your flight is improved or cancelled, you will not lose out.
Which site functions best once you know the place to which you would like to journey and so are open up concerning the dates? e.g. you want to go to England in 2020, or maybe a little bit broader, Europe in 2020. The “in all places” perform listed for among the list of sites is simply too wide.
Pleasant post. We have been considering in the same way. I also book tickets in similar way. Very first check the cheap flight and afterwards head over to that airline website to book tickets.
Cancellation fees can be sophisticated so there could have been a misunderstanding there, also. Many different aspects included below. I'd personally unquestionably get in connection with CheapTickets.com very first and speak to multiple brokers If your 1st isn’t useful (a fantastic compare flights from fresno ca to denver co rule generally).
As a result of subscribing to email notifications and newsletters, you will get frequent information on deals and book accordingly.
Our filters allow it to be a snap to simply locate the cheap flight that's ideal for you. Come across direct flights that are nonstop, keep away from early departure periods— or try out our Best Price filter, which sorts according to price, length, and extra factors.
Flyers can compare & book flight tickets any time any place, whether or not should vacation the following day. You will also find lots of compare flights to ghana possibilities and Unique presents.
compare flights and hotels
We are not able to flights comparison website discover the city or airport We can not discover the city or airport Origin and destination metropolitan areas cannot be a similar Please pick a date Insert One more flight cheap flights qatar airways adults (twelve+)
If you’re preparing your summer months vacation you’re likely to encounter Monarch Airlines, Jet2, Tui, and Thomas Cook Airlines, as they all specialise Briefly and medium haul holidays while in the sun. In addition they specialise in flights to ski destinations throughout the Wintertime.
Policies and pricing for touring with infants may well vary, so you should Verify Using the ticketing supplier before compare flights durban to johannesburg booking.
Reconsider nonstop. Compare flight prices for those who had been to take a flight with a person prevent, and make your determination according to the numbers

Details, Fiction And compare flights south africa I found Google flights to become costly than most sites. I discovered a single site that beats a lot of the higher than. I utilize it for my very own journey.
What do you need to do? Basically enter in your most well-liked destinations and choose from the listing of Calafia Airlines cheap flights readily available which route, time and number of stops is most effortless to suit your needs.
KAYAK's flight Price Forecast Resource utilizes historical details to determine if the price for just a offered destination and date is likely to vary within 7 days, so travellers know whether to attend or book now.
Stick to the Directions in the e-mail to reset your password. If you don't acquire the email as part of your inbox, be sure to Test your spam folder. The sender is [email protected] \ Return to Log in
Flying, on the other hand, permits you to make the trip in just a bit less than 3 several hours round trip. You don't have any tolls nor any fuel costs to pay for if you consider this route.
ten. Book with different airlines : Return flights are definitely handy and cheaper choices. But you will discover likelihood that if you try to find flights offered by other airlines- and become a tad versatile concerning the time- you can get a lower-fare flight.
The condition is Texas is almost on another facet in the world if you intend to begin your trip in Sydney. A a single-way ticket could cost thousands of bucks. With our very Innovative comparison shopping compare flights prices cheapest flights motor, you could find flights from Sydney, Australia to Dallas, Texas, United states of america for as little as $865 when traveling A method.
Or, maybe the timing is ultimately appropriate to tick off an unique bucket listing excursion. Regardless of the purpose, SeatGuru delivers on Outstanding small cost flight options without having sacrificing the breadth of solutions.
We understand the importance of accommodating our shopper's last-minute travel desires and requirements, And that's why you are able to call cheap flights go compare us whenever, from wherever to grasp more details on readily available deals and book your flight
Greatest of 2 children for each Grownup. Maximum number of Grown ups for every home is four The maximum number of travellers is nine. Please specify the age of the children Remember to suggest the age of the infants Please specify cheap flights vilnius the age of the kid and toddler Shut
Travelocity Discount Fares could help you save money as long as you don’t thoughts not knowing your flight facts until eventually right after your obtain is comprehensive. Picture Credit history: Travelocity
compare flights
Bottom Line: If you need a hotel in addition to your flight, booking both equally with each other by Hotwire can save you many hundreds of pounds.
On FareCompare, you’ll come across cheap flights for domestic and Worldwide travel. Due to the fact airlines adjust flight prices continuously, Join Fare Alerts and flights boston to dc Allow FareCompare’s travel internet search engine watch airline ticket prices of all significant airlines, therefore you’ll be very first in line to obtain the cheapest tickets.
• FareCompare look after the seek for you. Make a flight or hotel price alert and learn from us when cheap flights austin to kansas city prices change.
submitted by travelogicanet to u/travelogicanet [link] [comments]


2020.10.14 17:48 moteur_action The Garlasco murder: who killed Chiara Poggi?

Chiara Poggi and Alberto Stasi
In the early morning of August 13th, 2007, the streets of the small and peaceful town of Garlasco, located in the province of Pavia (Lombardy), are desert. Many families have left their suburban houses to spend the national holiday of Ferragosto, which takes place on the 15th, somewhere else: the Poggi family, Chiara’s parents and her younger brother Marco, chose the Dolomites for the fresh air and to hike in the mountains, while the Stasi are in Spotorno, a popular seaside destination in Liguria. The weather in Garlasco is warm (about 80°F) and wet. At 13:45, Chiara Poggi, a 26-years-old accountant, is found dead by her boyfriend Alberto Stasi, 24, who’s about to complete an Economics degree at the prestigious Bocconi University in Milan. Chiara is still wearing her pajamas, the blinds of the house are closed, breakfast leftovers are on the table and the TV is on.
Chiara’s body lies on the floor at the bottom of the steep stairs leading to the cottage’s basement. The cause of death was determined to be a “laceration of the brain contextual to the breaking of the skull.” The time of death is never precisely stated, but the autopsy suggests Chiara died between 8 and 13. The interval between the production of all the injuries and death could be limited to a few minutes, but the defense expert hypothesized a longer agony based on the kind of injuries. Chiara was hit in the head and face 10-15 times, only to be thrown at the bottom of the cellar stairs. The weapon was never found, but experts suggested she may have been hit with a hammer or a pair of bolt cutters. This is the transcript of Stasi’s call to the emergency medical service made at 13:50:
“Yes, I need an ambulance in via Giovanni Pascolo, in Garlasco.”
“In Garlasco?”
“Yes.”
“Via Giovanni Pascolo, what’s the address?”
“29, it’s an alley, you’ll find it immediately.”
“What?”
“It’s an alley, I think it’s 29, I’m not sure.”
“What happened?”
“I think a person has been killed, but I’m not sure, maybe she’s alive.”
“What do you mean, what happened, what can you see?”
“Now I’m with the Carabinieri, there’s blood everywhere and she’s lying on the floor.”
“Is she outside or in the house?”
“No, in the house.”
“Yes, but are you related to her?”
“No, she’s my girlfriend.”
“How old is she?”
“26”
“Are you in the house right now?”
“No, I’m at the police station, now I’ll tell you what happened.”
First suspect: Alberto Stasi
The investigators were immediately suspicious of Stasi’s involvement because – although the hallway leading to the basement was extremely messy, covered with stains of blood, some of them partially dried – the soles of the Lacoste shoes Alberto had been wearing when he entered Chiara’s house were perfectly clean. The assumption was Stasi never went in the house and that the emergency call was made outside because he already knew Chiara was dead.
It was reported that Stasi’s first interrogation conducted by the Carabinieri went on for 17 hours – he left the police station on the morning of August 14th. (Stasi didn’t ask for a lawyer nor refused to answer any question, so he wasn’t actually coerced.) Stasi told the investigators he spent the evening before the murder at Chiara’s eating a pizza, working on his thesis, chatting, and watching an episode of Sex and the City with her; he left sometime after midnight. In the interrogation, discussing the discovery of the body, Stasi said he was particularly struck by seeing a “white part” of her face opening the door leading to the basement. Carabinieri marshal Francesco Marchetto replied to Stasi’s observation: “Piece of shit, does her face seem white to you?” showing a photo of Chiara as she was found by the police, her face completely covered with blood and hair.
Alberto had recently returned from a study trip to London. Since the Poggi family was away, he and Chiara had the house all for themselves. In the first days of August, the couple apparently spent uneventful days; on the evening of the 7th, after a job interview in Milan, Alberto went to her house in the evening. He “slept in her brother’s bed and Chiara in hers” because they didn’t want “to sleep in her parents’ bed and she didn’t want to open the double sofa bed.” Also on August 10th, they slept at Chiara’s house, but not the following night, because she “had to feed the cats.”
Stasi said he spent the morning of the 13th working on his thesis and watching pornographic images. He spoke to his mother on the phone for some minutes (at 9:47) and tried to reach out to his girlfriend several times with no success; he then got worried and went to her house, discovering she’d been murdered.
I had set the alarm clock at 9 as usual and the second alarm at 9:30. I got up and at 9:45 I called Chiara’s cell phone with no reply. I specify that this ring in the morning when we got up, it was an usual thing between me and Chiara. I didn’t worry about the fact that she didn’t answer. I remember that between 9:30 and 10 my mother called the landline number and I answered, our conversation didn’t last long. I went on writing the thesis and at about 10:45 I made another ring on Chiara’s cell phone and I didn’t get an answer. I continued to write the thesis until about 12:20, when I called Chiara both from the landline phone both to her landline number and to the cell phone.
Chiara didn’t answer but Alberto fed the dog, cooked some pasta, called again at 13:31; he then “started to worry and decided to go to her house.”
Other suspects. The Cappa sisters
The first clue to the investigation was provided by a neighbor of the Poggi, Claudia Bermani: on the morning of the murder at 9:10 (“I’m sure about this because I often look at my watch”) she saw a black girl’s bike in front of the Poggi’s house; at 9:30, the bike wasn’t there anymore. The account was corroborated by another witness. Maybe the vicious attacker is a woman.
Paola and Stefania Cappa are the direct cousins of Chiara Poggi. It cannot be said they inadvertently ended up in the investigation considered they showed up at Chiara’s house some days after the murder in a convertible flashing to journalists a photo (later discovered to be photoshopped) of them and their cousin smiling on a trip together. At the time of the murder, Stefania walked on crutches because of a minor incident; someone suggested the possible weapon could have been one of the crutches. The Cappa sisters killed Chiara (for whatever reason). Stasi himself seems to think something at least similar to this is being overlooked. In a wiretapped phone conversation, he refers to Stefania: “What the fuck does she want? That one has to be careful and hope they don’t come to confiscate cars, bicycles, crutches... those two, I get goosebumps just thinking about it, look... The police go to them, search, take two receipts... and that would be an investigation?” In another conversation with his mother: “The investigators found a dyed hair, let’s hope it belongs to that whore.”
A week after the murder, a bricklayer who was working at a construction site located less than 100 m (320 ft) from Alberto Stasi’s house and next to the ambulance headquarters where Stefania had been volunteering for years reported a missing hammer.
Andrea Sempio
The phone records of Chiara’s landline number included calls from 19-year-old Andrea Sempio, one of the best friends of Marco; he lived just 250 m (820 ft) away from the Poggi. From January 2007, Sempio’s calls were only five so it’s clear he wasn’t used to calling Marco at his house. Moreover, 3 of these calls were made between the 7th and 8th of August, when Marco had already left with his parents for the Dolomites:
August 7th, 17:42 Sempio cell phone > Poggi landline 2 seconds
17:48 Sempio landline phone > Poggi landline 8 seconds
August 8th, 16:54 Sempio cell phone > Poggi landline 21 seconds
Sempio said that Marco’s house phone number was listed just above the mobile in the phonebook. Also, according to his statement, he discovered on the 7th that his friend had left because Chiara answered the phone and gave him that precise information. It remains unexplained why he called Chiara’s house again the following day making a longer phone call when he already knew that Marco had left. Sempio was interrogated again 10 months after the facts and this time he curiously provided a well-preserved ticket of a parking lot in Vigevano (19 km/11.8 miles from Garlasco) dating back to August 13 at 11:18. Andrea explained that a few days after the murder, the receipt popped up in his car and since he had already been heard by the investigators, his mom advised him to keep it: “since there had been a murder, it was better to keep the receipt.”
Sempio was a person of interest before Stasi became the main suspect. He was then mostly ignored until after the SC final conviction when one of the defense experts on Stasi’s team proved that the mitochondrial DNA on top of Chiara’s nails (originally considered too exiguous to be tested) is fully compatible with Andrea Sempio. In 2017, the Court of Appeal declared the circumstantial evidence against Sempio to be insubstantial, remarking that he frequently used the home computer of the Poggi and that both the coroner and the defense expert believed it unlikely the DNA on top of the nails was caused by a struggle. A detail which is probably irrelevant but still interesting is that Chiara’s pajamas shirt had written all over “Don’t forget my past.” On his Facebook profile, Sempio chose to display a famous quote from Antoine de-Saint-Exupéry’s The Little Prince, which is apparently also Stasi’s favorite book: “The essential is invisible to the eyes, don’t forget my secret.” Sempio’s shoe size is 44.
2008: The first case against Alberto Stasi (State Attorney Rosa Muscio’s reconstruction of the murder)
August 13th, 9:35 Stasi turns on the PC
9:35 to 9:46 looks at some pornographic images
9:57 launches an image editing software
10:05 opens a pornographic video
10:17 to 12:20 works on his thesis continuously, raising the number of pages from 151 to 155
Muscio chose not to put much weight on the black girl’s bike in virtue of the fact the official autopsy, while compatible with the death happening around 9:30, indicated a later time to be more likely, but especially because according to the key eye-witness Franca the three city bikes owned by the Stasi were unlike the “sport model” she had seen on August 13th. However, DNA traces of Chiara were found on the pedals of the red bike used by Stasi, who guessed that maybe he came into contact with Chiara’s menstrual blood (Muscio told Stasi it was blood, though the analysis wasn’t actually conclusive).
Muscio argued that Stasi didn’t sleep at his girlfriend’s house the night before the murder basically because they had a discussion regarding his obsession with pornography and taking pictures of strangers’ feet (the photo album of the study trip to London contained more photos depicting feet of unknown women than his girlfriend). Perhaps it was because of the useless attempts at reconciliation that Chiara switched the house alarm on and off four times, between 23:27 and 1:52 on the night before her murder. It may have been Stasi who went out and back and finally left; not the cats as initially supposed. Chiara didn’t make any phone calls that morning because she wasn’t in the right mood; that’s why she didn’t leave the house and the windows were closed. She stayed in her pajamas and didn’t clear the table because she was on vacation, but she turned off the alarm at the usual time (9:12) out of habit. Stasi tried to call Chiara on the phone multiple times, getting progressively angrier and maybe worried that Chiara would reveal his secret, destroying the self-image of the successful businessman he wanted to embody. Stasi rode the red bike to Chiara’s house and killed her in a window of ten to fifteen minutes at most after 12:20 (when Stasi stopped working on his thesis).
Stasi’s defense team replied the evidence against him was weak and could be easily explained: Alberto’s left ring fingerprint on the soap dispenser (the only trace, together with Chiara’s hair in the sink, found in the otherwise uncannily neat and clean bathroom of the Poggi) was there because the young couple had eaten a pizza on the evening of August 12th and probably, before he started working on his thesis again, Alberto went to wash his hands. The DNA on the pedals of the red bike could be sweat or saliva, but it’s not actually relevant at all, since Bermani saw a different type of bike at 9:15 (just three minutes after Chiara shut off the house alarm) on which the prosecution should focus. The defense experts argued that Stasi’s immaculate shoes were compatible with a genuine discovery of the body in virtue of an “unconscious avoidance” (Alberto has unconsciously avoided visible stains) and any tiny trace of blood may have been released by the soles through the use of the shoes in the following hours. Stasi’s team also pointed the finger at footprints on the crime scene left by a pair of shoes with textured rubber soles (different than the pair of Lacoste Stasi had been wearing, although they’re the same size, 42). Finally, in contrast to Muscio’s account, the defense held that Stasi had no motive to kill Chiara: phone communications show she was not bothered by her boyfriend’s interest in pornography and they’d even took intimate pictures together (though Alberto admitted he somehow had to push Chiara to do it).
The split between the prosecution and the civil party: Gian Luigi Tizzoni’s reconstruction of the murder
Gian Luigi Tizzoni was a family friend of the Poggi and he represented them as individuals damaged by the crime who intended to make a claim for compensation against Stasi. While Tizzoni wasn’t as passionate as prosecutor Muscio and his rhetorical abilities couldn’t measure up to those of defense attorney Giarda, from the first moment his reconstruction appeared to be the most promising – he thought that Chiara deactivated the house alarm at 9:12 in order to let in her killer, who then fleed with the black girl’s bike; that would explain why Stasi wasn’t seen by anyone and the stains of blood were partially dried when the police came to Chiara’s house. It’s still unclear, though, how Stasi got rid of the bike, the weapon and the dirty clothes he was wearing during the attack; it’s also somewhat strange he started working on his thesis less than an hour after the murder, but not impossible, especially given the coolness displayed by Stasi in the aftermath.
In the year following the murder, Stasi’s phone conversations were wiretapped and the transcripts show he complained many times about the Cappa sisters or the fact he was being monitored (on June 7th, 2008, he called his friend Marco Panzarasa who was at a concert and joked: “You could hear the whole stadium singing... So I thought, and now how does the deputy sergeant transcribe the phone call? [laughing]”), but the suspect did not mention his murdered ex-girlfriend Chiara a single time.
According to Tizzoni’s reconstruction, Stasi changed his clothes and shoes and went to Chiara’s some time after 13, but decided not to go in: that’s the reason why his soles were clean and why in his witness statement he told about the “white part” of the victim’s face, which Tizzoni believed to be what Stasi saw immediately after he had thrown the lifeless body of Chiara down the cellar stairs.
Stasi was acquitted by a monocratic judge in 2008 for lack of evidence. The uncertainty about Stasi’s guiltiness was “serious” because there were only two strong circumstantial pieces against him: his ring fingerprint on the dispenser and Chiara’s DNA on at least one of the red bike pedals. (Judge Vitelli apparently accepted the defendant’s argument about the unconscious avoidance of the bloodstains in the hallway.) The proof of Alberto’s alibi was “solid,” while the time windows indicated by Muscio and Tizzoni “too narrow“ for the alleged attack. Muscio handed the investigation to State Attorney Laura Barbaini, who was going to lead the prosecution in the appeal trial before the Court of Assizes of Milan.
2011: The second case against Alberto Stasi (A new possible motive)
Barbaini asked again for 30 years in jail (voluntary murder with the aggravating circumstance of cruelty) and strived to underline the problematic nature of the young couple’s sex life. Chiara’s parents stopped believing Stasi was innocent when the digital forensics team found child pornography (images and videos shared with eMule) on his computer and she suggested that may have precisely been the motive: Chiara fought with her boyfriend on the night of August 12th after realizing her boyfriend’s preoccupation with pornography wasn’t as harmless as she thought. Neither Barbaini nor Tizzoni presented new evidence. Stasi was again acquitted “for not having committed the deed”; in the sentencing report, the Court stated that Chiara’s death was an “unknowable truth.” The parents of the victim, media commentators, overall many Italians interested in the case criticized the Court for having reached the judgment in less than a month. The last hope for the Poggi family to see the young and gentle boy they had once believed to be innocent getting convicted was the Supreme Court. Barbaini left her place to the Supreme Court prosecutor Roberto Aniello.
2013: the Supreme Court overturns the two acquittals and orders a re-trial
In the opening statement of the appeal trial before the SC, Angelo Giarda (the leader of Stasi’s defense team and one of the most notorious criminal attorneys in Italy) ironically addressed Aniello: “If a law student of mine had presented the appeals that led Alberto to the Supreme Court, if he had had that discussion during an exam, I would have failed him.” Prosecutor Aniello argued instead that
the sentences that acquitted Stasi are vitiated by illogicalities which undermine the sentencing motivations. The clues have been examined in isolation, not organically. The gaps in the investigation prevented a complete verification of the facts that led to the tragic death of Chiara Poggi.
The “gaps” mentioned probably include the fact that more than twenty individuals walked into Chiara’s house in the hours after the murder and that Carabinieri marshal Marchetto (an intimate friend of the Stasi family) committed perjury when he testified the bike witnessed by Franca Bermali wasn’t compatible with neither of the three city bikes owned by the Stasi. Marchetto was also the officer who executed the search warrant for a girl’s bike in Stasi’s house, so it’s not unreasonable to assume he preferred not to seize a black bike if he’d seen one in the garage. Aniello advanced a new reconstruction clearly influenced by Tizzoni’s reasoning:
The deactivation and reactivation of the alarm system of the Poggi house at 1:52 is not adequately explained; it’s suggested it occurred in order to let the cats in, but it’s not clear why it couldn’t have been Stasi who came back and spent the night there, and then finally left at 9:12, immediately after committing the murder. The reconstruction according to which the murder was committed after 9:12 is assumed to be unquestionable without giving any reason for the exclusion of an alternative hypothesis compatible with the autopsy. […] The murder was committed by a person the victim knew well enough to open the door in pajamas. The same judgment under appeal acknowledges that there has been no break-in and that no valuable asset has been stolen. The hypothesis of a man who climbed over the gate or the surrounding wall – who (immediately after Chiara deactivated the alarm) entered the house and attacked her, hitting her several times until killing her, then dragged the body to the cellar door, opened the door and threw the body on the stairs, apparently went to the bathroom to clean himself (two missing towels), surely cleaned other surfaces (e.g. the cellar door, where there are no fingerprints) and finally left without taking anything – is simply fanciful.
Aniello also proposes an interesting interpretation of Stasi’s movements on the morning of August 13th:
Stasi makes a series of phone calls, both from landline and mobile and both on Chiara’s home phone and mobile phone, at regular intervals, the longest between 9:44 and 10:47, the shortest between 12:20 and 12:46. Between 10:46 and 10:48 there is a moment of nervous agitation, for Stasi makes seven calls on Chiara’s cell phone, which actually received only one of them because there was no signal. I’d say that this already suggests Stasi got upset when Chiara’s cell phone didn’t keep ringing and it was either turned off or unreachable. Then, at 13.27, something different happens: a call to the landline number of the Poggi is answered, the response lasts around 12 seconds, not a very short time; it’s an automatic operation caused by the answering machine. Immediately after this phone call with a silent answer, Stasi decides to go out and, while calling her repeatedly on the landline number and her cell phone, rushes to Chiara’s home. The fact is that the defendant will never say, once questioned, that he had a silent answer and remained on the line for 12 long seconds. And then, putting these circumstances together, it is reasonable to assume that Stasi, hearing that there was life on the other end, panicked and imagined that his victim had somehow recovered and picked up the phone.
Against all expectations the appeal ws successful: among the grounds for a mistrial, the SC ordered DNA tests and expert reports. Despite the cancellation of the two acquittals, the SC report reiterated that it was difficult “to reach a decision, be it acquittal or conviction, marked by consistency, credibility and reasonableness” and therefore “impossible to condemn or acquit Alberto Stasi,” preferring, however, not to confirm the acquittal pending new scientific examinations.
2014: Stasi re-trial: swapped pedals, the impossible walk and an unsatisfactory conviction
The SC requested two expert reports to be arranged: one to determine whether Stasi could have walked in the hallway towards the basement without coming into contact with the bloodstains, and the other aimed to test genetic residues on top of her nails and on a hair found in her hand.
Tests on billions of virtual combinations showed that if Stasi had stopped at the first step of the cellar stairs, the chance of not touching even an invisible bloodstain would have been 0.00038%; if he had gone down another step, the percentage would have been even lower. The generous assumption was that Stasi covered the hallway with only eight steps, even though it’s not easy to take one-meter steps as hypothesized in the first trial, especially if Stasi was somehow distraught. Furthermore, prosecution expert Testi believed that the theory of the “unconscious avoidance” had no scientific basis insofar bloodstains are no puddles or irrelevant obstacles (moreover Stasi would have had to avoid the stains even after the discovery of the body). The hair in Chiara’s hand could not be tested because it lacked the bulb, while the DNA on the nails wasn’t compatible with Stasi and deemed to be irrelevant since it hadn’t been caused by a struggle. Laura Barbaini, who led the prosecution another time after having lost the first trial, spun the narrative of an internally divided attacker:
Stasi as the one who discovered the body doesn’t exist. The killer Stasi entered that house a few hours earlier, wearing a pair of missing shoes (size 42) that left footprints identical to those found at the crime scene. The defense doesn’t want to surrender to the evidence and talks about the dispersion of traces or “unconscious avoidance.” The defense attorneys are clever but misleading. We can’t speak of dispersion because Stasi handed over the shoes only seventeen hours after the discovery of the body and he also claims to have entered the car immediately after the discovery of Chiara’s body though there isn’t a single trace of blood on his car mat.
Tizzoni attacked another point of the defendant’s account. While it’s true that Stasi didn’t own any bicycle compatible with the mysterious black girl’s bike seen by two witnesses at 9:15, the civil party lawyer found out that the pedals of the red bike handed to the investigators by Stasi were not those originally assembled with the model, but rather Wellgo pedals best suited for a sportive city bike. Tizzoni’s idea was that Stasi for some reason swapped the pedals of the bicycle on which he’d fleed from Chiara’s house and put them on the red bike he then gave to the police. This doesn’t make much sense, but at least it’s consistent with the witnesses’ account: Stasi got rid of the bike but decided to keep the pedals and that explains why Chiara’s DNA was found on them.
The Court of Assizes of Milan that presided the re-trial convicted Alberto Stasi for voluntary murder without the aggravating circumstances of having acted with cruelty or for futile reasons, even though the motive is not precisely stated in the motivations report compiled by the Court and the killing was in fact brutal. Stasi must serve 16 years in prison. In the automatic appeal filed to the Supreme Court, prosecutor Aniello asked the conviction to be confirmed and the addition of the aggravating circumstance of the cruelty (to exacerbate the sentence to a maximum of 30 years, contrasting the automatic reduction of years to serve by Stasi’s choice of a fast-track trial). Stasi asked either to be acquitted without delay or for another mistrial, referring to the doubts previously expressed by the Supreme Court itself on the impossibility of determining guilt or innocence with certainty.
The following year, in a curious twist, assistant SC prosecutor Oscar Cedrangolo (who temporarily took over Aniello) argued that gross errors had been made during the preliminary investigation and that Aniello and Mazzoni were making “an insistent attempt to find a motive in order to derive a causal element and doing so they revealed all the weakness of the accusatory system.” However, as a sign of “respect,” as the prosecutor himself said several times, he asked for a new trial against the murderer of Chiara Poggi, in acceptance of both the request of the victim’s family and the Stasi appeal. Cedrangolo also complained the CoA’s sentence to 16 years was absurd: ”If Stasi is innocent, he must be acquitted; if he’s guilty, the aggravating circumstances should be taken into account and he must be condemned to 30 years in prison.”
On December 12th, 2015, though, the Supreme Court confirmed the sentence-bis of the Court of Appeal of Milan finally condemning Alberto Stasi to 16 years of imprisonment without the delineation of a precise motive, generically proposing Stasi acted in a fit of rage and thus rejecting the aggravating circumstances of cruelty or futile reasons. Chiara Poggi’s mom, who had preferred not to join the SC proceedings after Cedrangolo’s indictment, was surprised when she talked with journalists after the sentencing hearing: “Justice has been done finally, the justice we wanted.” To the question of whether she was “happy” for Stasi’s conviction, she firmly replied that “it must never be forgotten that the tragedy affected two families.” Barbaini chose not to file an appeal to the SC to aggravate Stasi’s sentence.
In 2016, Stasi filed an extraordinary appeal for procedural defect (because witnesses not delegitimized in the sentencing motivations were not called to stand in the re-trial) and his defense team presented Andrea Sempio as a new suspect; Stasi complained his right to a fair trial had been violated. While the appeal was initially described as “well-founded” by the Attorney General of Milan, the Court of Appeal rejected Stasi’s request; he then filed another extraordinary appeal to the SC, hoping the rejection would be overturned, but the following year the SC confirmed the CoA’s decision.
This year, Stasi filed another appeal but I don’t think he really advanced “new” evidence; his lawyers were probably just pushing for a re-evaluation of the items against Sempio. The Court of Appeal refused to review the trial another time. On October 9th, 2020, Stasi announced he will move the appeal to the Supreme Court again. In his letters from prison, Stasi compares himself to Enzo Tortora (famous TV host who was unjustly accused of belonging to the Camorra) and asks Pope Francis to pray for him.
Sources
Francesco Caringella, The Summer of Garlasco: The Reconstruction of the Crime that Shocked Italy (2019, available in Italian, 228 pages)
Italian wiki page of the Garlasco murder
Court of Assizes’ sentencing report for the conviction of Stasi (December 17th, 2014)
Stasi brutally murdered girlfriend. Explanation of 16-year jail term released (March 16th, 2015)
New suspect in Garlasco murder case following DNA tests (December 23rd, 2016)
The Court of Appeal of Brescia rejects Stasi’s request of a third trial (January 24th, 2017)
submitted by moteur_action to UnresolvedMysteries [link] [comments]


2020.10.12 20:42 jonisantucho Oscar Watch - Post Venice/TIFF/NYFF Edition

Several months ago, right after the last Academy Awards, I posted a long, long, long list of possible contenders that had prospects to fight for the next Oscars. It was a time of hope, of looking forward, and of positivity.
Then, COVID-19 happened.
And now, we find ourselves in a year that may change the movie industry forever, with the lack of safety of theaters in times of a pandemic accelerating the switch of mainstream audiences to streaming and VOD. These are times where some people are beginning to wonder, even after they pushed the eligibility date for two more months, why the Academy doesn’t cancel next year’s Oscars. And in this rocky terrain, we lost many contenders. Fire up the Hunger Games cannons, because these are some casualties of the season (so far).
Launched to 2021: Annette, Benedetta, Deep Water, Dune, In the Heights, King Richard, Last Night in Soho, Memoria, Nightmare Alley, Passing, Red, White and Water, Raya and the Last Dragon, The Last Duel, The Power of the Dog, Tick, Tick… Boom!, West Side Story.
Unknown status / missing in action: After Yang, Blonde, Breaking News in Yuba County, C’mon C’mon, Next Goal Wins, Stillwater, The French Dispatch, The Humans, The Tragedy of Macbeth, The Eyes of Tammy Faye, Those Who Wish Me Dead.
But even if this year isn’t as loaded with clear awards candidates, there are plenty of movies that are already drawing buzz for an Oscar season that started brewing a month ago, with the kickoff of the Venice Film Festival, and will go on for six and a half more months, when the Academy Awards take place on April 25, 2021. It’s gonna be a long, weird and rocky season, which is gonna be great to see in terms of the narratives that are coming up.
-Ammonite (trailer): When people were betting on the likelier contenders of this year, many people pointed in the direction of Francis Lee’s period drama, with previous Best Actress winner Kate Winslet and constant nominee Saoirse Ronan. Going into the premiere at Toronto, people had their eyes set in this queer romance between a paleontologist and a young wife in the coasts of England during the 19th century. But then, some things happened. First, Winslet started her promotion of the movie by talking about her regret for working with Woody Allen and Roman Polanski that sounded unconvincing to the ominous Film Twitter. Then, another queer period drama, Mona Fastvold’s The World to Come, started to take the attention away at Venice. And finally, the movie premiered. The reaction? Cold. Critics came out mixed with the movie, with many of them comparing it negatively to last year’s Portrait of a Lady on Fire, and saying that it’s too dull and alienating. Does that mean that all is lost? Not exactly. While the movie (which, considering the genre, really needs critics' support to get into the Best Picture category) has been dismissed, the acting by Winslet and Ronan has been received positively. Now that so many other contenders have been dropping out of the year, they might get some room to campaign from a (social) distance.
-Another Round (trailer): Speaking of TIFF premieres, a film that had a better time at the Canadian festival was the reunion between director Thomas Vinterberg and star Mads Mikkelsen, who reunited years after making the stirring drama The Hunt (not the one with Betty Gilpin carrying a bad political satire, the one about a Danish teacher wrongly accused of sexual abuse). This time, the material is lighter, being a dramedy about four teachers who decide to test out a theory about how people can live and work a little better if they increase the level of alcohol in their blood. Critics really liked the way the movie dealt with alcoholism, and Toronto audiences made it a runner up for the People’s Choice Award of the festival. In a year without so much exposure from other festivals, this Cannes 2020 selection could make a candidate for the Best International Film category.
-Borat Subsequent Moviefilm: Delivery of Prodigious Bribe to American Regime for Make Benefit Once Glorious Nation of Kazakhstan (trailer): Surprise, new Borat film! While Sacha Baron Cohen made headlines several times this year because of stunts that people assumed were about a second season of Who is America?, the Internet was shocked when, in early September, it was confirmed that it was actually a very niiiiice return from the journalist character that made him famous, shot during quarantine. In a matter of weeks after the reveal, the sequel got sold to Amazon Prime and got a release date for October 23. Why so soon? Well, apparently the movie, which got him in trouble with Rudy Giuliani and other people, is about Borat taking his daughter on a road trip to give her as a bride to VP Mike Pence. Even if this movie doesn’t manage to achieve the feats of the 2006 movie (which got a Best Adapted Screenplay nomination, let’s remember), it will help Baron Cohen’s image a lot, because it will come a week after his big Oscar play.
-Cherry: While everybody knows them mostly because of their contributions to the MCU, directors Joe and Anthony Russo and actor Tom Holland are trying to branch out together. Now Apple has bought into their efforts, paying more than 40 million dollars to acquire their new crime drama, about the life of former Army medic Nico Walker, who started robbing banks after his days in Iraq left him with PTSD and a pill addiction. Will Holland manage this time to escape from the shadow of “oh, jeez, Mr. Stark” Spider-Man before Chaos Walking or the Uncharted movie come out? That’s a question for another day.
-Da 5 Bloods (trailer): Talk about timing. Merely days after the country was mobilized by the police brutality that continues to divide the United States, Spike Lee premiered his new war drama on Netflix. In a vibrant, disjointed but passionate portrait of four African American veterans who return to Vietnam to search for their fallen leader and some treasure, Lee struck gold yet again with his usual fans, even though the moving of the Oscar ceremony threatened to make it harder to remind Academy voters about this movie. However, with an astounding performance from Delroy Lindo (who is confirmed to be campaigned in the Best Actor category) and a supporting turn from Chadwick Boseman which got reframed with the news of his bravery in life and death, this has what it takes to fight for a spot in the Best Picture lineup.
-Everybody’s Talking About Jamie (trailer): When it became clear that quarantine wasn’t gonna be a breeze, the first movie in consideration wise enough to move a little further ahead in the calendar was this adaptation of the hit West End production about a gay British teenager who dreams of becoming a drag queen and get his family and schoolmates to accept his sexuality. With a release date on February 26, 20th Century Studios (man, it’s weird to not use Fox in that name) hopes to strike gold, with a cast that mixes young unknowns, familiar names (Sharon Horgan, Sarah Lancashire and my boy Ralph Ineson) and the previously nominated legend that is Richard E. Grant (who is playing a former drag queen named Loco Chanelle), now taking advantage of the move of other musicals like Annette, In The Heights and West Side Story. I mean, this has at the very least some Golden Globes nods in the bag.
-French Exit: Before its premiere as the closing film of the NYFF, many pundits were expecting this surreal comedy to be somewhat of a comeback for past Best Actress nominee Michelle Pfeiffer, who here plays a close to penniless widow who moves to Paris with her son (Lucas Hedges) and cat, who also happens to be her reincarnated husband (Tracy Letts). However, the first reactions for the film adaptation of the Patrick deWitt novel were all over the place, with some people feeling cold by the execution of the weirdness and others being won over. Still, everybody had good things to say about Michelle Pfeiffer’s performance, but after the mixed reception to the rest of Azazel Jacobs’ film she really would need a lot of critics support to get anywhere near the Best Actress category. With a release date on February 12, it seems that Sony Pictures Classics is skipping the critics awards, and the distributor has a couple of big competitors above this one.
-Good Joe Bell: Every year, there are movies with big stars that go to festivals full of hope for praises and awards. Some of them work and go on, others don’t and get forgotten about. Mark Wahlberg tried to remind people that he occasionally is a good actor with a true life drama where he plays a father who decides to walk across America to raise awareness about bullying after his son, tormented for being gay, commits suicide. The film by Reinaldo Marcus Green premiered at TIFF, and the reaction was… not great. Some critics defended it, but most saw it as a flawed, baity product starring a man with a history of hate. Still, it got bought by a distributor: Solstice Studios, a new player in the game which just released its first movie, Unhinged (yup, the one about Russell Crowe road raging). While they paid 20 million dollars for Good Joe Bell, it’s clear that this won’t get near the Oscar telecast.
-Hillbilly Elegy: While many movies this year have some level of anticipation, Film Twitter is bracing for this movie in the “is this gonna be the next Green Book?” way. Ron Howard’s adaptation of J.D. Vance’s memoir about his low income life in a poor rural community in Ohio has many fearing about the overuse of tropes involving what’s called white trash porn, but rarely, Netflix has kept silent about this release. Even though it has Oscar bridesmaids Glenn Close (7 nominations) and Amy Adams (6 nominations), the streamer has not even released a photo of the movie, which supposedly will come out in November. And if you want another bad omen, take a look at the lower levels of this list by a familiar voice.
-I’m Thinking of Ending Things (trailer): Speaking of Netflix, did you know that there is a new Charlie Kaufman there, right now? While his adaptation of the dark novel by Iain Reid, seemingly about a woman (Jessie Buckley) who is taken by her boyfriend (Jesse Plemons) to meet his parents (Toni Collette and David Thewlis), got the usual reception of confusion and praise that follows his movies, the release was followed for what befalls most of the Netflix original movies: a couple of days in the Top 10, and then it fell into the void. While Buckley and Plemons deliver great work in this demented, melancholic story, it’s hard to see this movie getting anything else than a Best Adapted Screenplay nomination for Charlie. And that’s a long shot.
-I’m Your Woman: Following the little seen but critically acclaimed Miss Stevens and Fast Color, Julia Hart started 2020 with a Disney+ adaptation of the YA book Stargirl, and now she follows it with a drama for Amazon that will have its world premiere as the opening film of the AFI fest on October 15. In this movie, Rachel Brosnahan hopes to translate her TV success with The Marvelous Mrs. Maisel to the big screen, playing a woman in the ‘70s that has to go on the run with her kid due to her husband’s crimes.
-Judas and the Black Messiah (trailer): Even if this doesn’t end up winning any awards, it has a real shot at being the best trailer of 2020. Formerly titled Jesus Was My Homeboy, this biographical drama by Shaka King tells the tale of two men: Fred Hampton (Kaluuya), an activist and Black Panther leader, and William O’Neal (Stanfield), the FBI agent sent to infiltrate the party and arrest him. While the trailer for this movie promised a release “only in theaters”, we shall see if Warner Bros backs down from that fight.
-Let Them All Talk: While we’re on the subject of Warner Bros, we have to mention what’s happening with HBO Max. While the start of the streaming service hasn’t been good (I mean, there are still people confused about that name) and it lead to some people assume will cause many firings, it has begun to make some buzzed titles on TV, like Close Enough, Raised by Wolves and the remains of the DC Universe failed streaming service. Now, to make a mark in the movie business, the streamer has a new Steven Soderbergh movie, a comedy that stars Meryl Streep as a celebrated author that takes her friends (Candice Bergen, Dianne Wiest) and her nephew (Lucas Hedges) in a cruise to find fun and come to terms with the past, while he flirts with a literary agent (Gemma Chan). While it doesn’t have a date yet, it’s confirmed to release in 2020, and at least we know that it can’t be worse than The Laundromat.
-Ma Rainey’s Black Bottom: While the expectations for the next film adaptation of an August Wilson acclaimed play were already high, the tragic death of Chadwick Boseman made this Netflix release one of the most anticipated movies of the season, considering this is his final movie. While past Supporting Actress winner Viola Davis takes the lead playing blues singer Ma Rainey in this tale of a heated recording session with her bandmates, her agent and her producer in 1927, Chadwick Boseman has a turn as the trumpeter Levee that was already being considered for awards, and now has even more people waiting to see. The thing is that one of the biggest competitions for Boseman this year will be Boseman himself, for his already acclaimed supporting turn on Da 5 Bloods, also released by Netflix. While the streamer will have to decide which of Chadwick’s performances will get the bigger campaign, this film by director George C. Wolfe has a cushy date set for December 18, and Viola is gunning hard for this movie to win.
-Mank (trailer): As you may have noticed by now, Netflix has a lot of plates spinning around this season, and this is the big one. After befriending the service with House of Cards and Mindhunter, David Fincher is going black and white to tackle a script by his late father Jack, about the making of the classic of classics, Citizen Kane. More specifically, the making of the script, with previous Oscar winner Gary Oldman playing the lead role of screenwriter Herman J. Mankiewicz, while accompanied by Amanda Seyfried, Lily Collins, Tuppence Middleton, Charles Dance and Tom Burke. After watching the first trailer of his satire of 1930’s Hollywood (that will release on streaming on December 4), it’s clear that this is gonna be catnip to old Academy voters, and it would be really hard for this to miss the Best Picture line up. Unless it’s a complete cinematic disaster, Mank is bank.
-Minari (trailer): While the last edition of Sundance took place in January, quarantine makes you feel like it took place two years ago. This year, the big winner of the Grand Jury Prize and the Audience Award in the US Dramatic Competition was a dramedy by Lee Isaac Chung, about a Korean family in the ‘80s who suddenly gets moved by their father (Steven Yeun) to Arkansas, to start a farm. Even though the reviews have been great, distributor A24 hasn’t really had a big, Oscar nominated hit for the last couple of years, and the COVID-19 crisis made them delay all their releases. But when we were ready to write this off, a new trailer for the movie came out, confirming that it’s in the game of this awards season. Maybe the pandemic will be of help to A24, considering that one of the reasons they haven’t had success is that they divided their attention into too many releases, and ended up getting not much. This time, they are betting all on Lee who, even if this doesn’t go anywhere, also has a new gig coming up as the director of the live action remake of Your Name.
-News of the World (sneak peek): So much of this year has felt like a game of chicken between a virus and movie studios. While many movies chose to skip this year altogether, Universal remains firm (for now) with its plans to open a wide movie on Christmas Day, with a Western that reunites Paul Greengrass and Tom Hanks in an enticing premise. In this drama based on Paulette Jiles’ novel, Hanks plays a traveling newsreader in the aftermath of the American Civil War, who is tasked with reuniting an orphaned girl with her living relatives. While the first sneak peek of the movie looks promising, the future is still in the air.
-Nomadland (trailer): While the world burns around Hollywood, Searchlight is betting big on Chloe Zhao’s new film. Using the strategy of taking the spotlight while the rest of the contenders is uncertain about how or when to be released, the indie drama began its journey at Venice, with critics raving about the story of a woman (two-time Oscar winner Frances McDormand) who, after losing everything in the Great Recession, embarks on a journey through the American West, living as a van-dwelling modern-day nomad. At the end of the fest, the movie won the coveted Golden Lion. To put that into perspective, the last three winners of the award were past Best Picture nominees The Shape of Water, Roma and Joker, with The Shape of Water (also distributed by Searchlight) also winning the big prize. After drawing critical acclaim following its virtual showing on TIFF and NYFF, Nomadland seems like the first lock in the Best Picture line up. Still, there are obstacles ahead. Will Zhao break the disappointment of the last few years, when deserving candidates for Best Director got blocked by the likes of Adam McKay and Todd Phillips? And will McDormand manage to get near a third Oscar, following a recent win for Three Billboards in Ebbing, Missouri? Time will tell.
-On the Rocks (trailer): While she hasn’t been near the Oscars for a while, Sofia Coppola is still a name that draws attention. This time, she opened the NYFF with a dramedy about a young mother (Rashida Jones) who reunites with her playboy father (Bill Murray, also reuniting with Sofia after Lost in Translation) on an adventure through New York to find out if her husband (Marlon Wayans) is cheating on her. The consensus seems to be that, while light and not near her best work, it’s still a fun and breezy movie, with a very good turn by Murray. While many would assume that this A24 production will disappear into the abyss when it releases on Apple TV+ on October 23, the dropping out of many candidates gives the movie a chance to, at least, fight for some Golden Globes.
-One Night in Miami (sneak peek): Following her recent Oscar and Emmy wins for If Beale Street Could Talk and Watchmen, Regina King is still striking hard, and this time, she’s doing it as a director. For her big screen debut as a filmmaker, she chose to adapt Kemp Powers’ play that dramatizes a real meeting on February 25, 1964, when Muhammad Ali (Eli Goree) followed an iconic win with a hangout session with Malcolm X (Kingsley Ben-Adir), Sam Cooke (Leslie Odom Jr.) and Jim Brown (Aldis Hodge). Opening at Venice, the film received glowing reviews, with many praising King (even though some said that the movie doesn’t fully translate the play to the film medium) and the actors’ performances, especially Ben-Adir and Odom Jr. (who, it should be said, also wrote an original song for the end credits of the movie, which could help his Oscar chances). Amazon Prime is hoping that this is their big contender this year, with plans of a theatrical release on Christmas and a streaming release on January 15. Judging by the praise this got at festival season, it has a chance to go a long way.
-Over the Moon (trailer): In a year with not that many contenders for Best Animated Feature, Netflix is betting on a musical adventure directed by the legendary Glen Keane, a classic Disney animator who recently won an Oscar for Best Animated Short for co-directing Dear Basketball. While our expectations were lowered by the first trailer for the movie, centered around a Chinese girl who builds a rocket ship and blasts off to the Moon in hopes of meeting a legendary Goddess, it’s still safe to assume that it has a shot at being nominated for something. Netflix also hopes that you like its big candidate for Best Original Song, which really, really sounds like a Disney ballad.
-Pieces of a Woman: While this year doesn’t have the amount of surprise contenders that a regular Oscar season usually has, we still have some movies that sneaked through festival season. The first one was the new, somber drama by Hungarian director Kornél Mundruczó, known for the doggy uprising pic White God, and the not-so-well-received sci-fi Jupiter’s Moon. This time, we follow a woman (Vanessa Kirby) whose life is torn apart after a home birth at the hands of a flustered midwife (Molly Parker) ends in tragedy, and then leads to a court battle that also makes her confront her husband (Shia LaBeouf) and her domineering mother (Ellen Burstyn). While the movie had mixed reactions, Kirby had plenty of raves in her direction, particularly concerning her performance during a 25-minute birth sequence that is said to be brutal. That brutality paid off, though, because Kirby ended up winning Best Actress at Venice, and Netflix bought the movie, which also has Martin Scorsese as an executive producer. If the Academy wants to crown a new face in the scene, Kirby is the one who will be targeted, following her acclaimed turn in The Crown and her supporting roles in blockbusters like Mission Impossible: Fallout and Hobbs & Shaw.
-Promising Young Woman (trailer): When theaters started to close because of the pandemic, Universal started the push of their movies going straight to VOD, with titles including Trolls World Tour and Never Rarely Sometimes Always. However, there was a title that was supposed to premiere in April, and then suddenly disappeared from existence. It was the directorial debut of actress Emerald Fennell, who wrote a black comedy with touches of a thriller, centered on a woman in her thirties (Carey Mulligan) whose bright future was derailed by a traumatic event, and who’s now looking for revenge. While the reaction to its premiere at Sundance wasn’t enough to consider a Best Picture run, the twisted performance by Mulligan earned her the best praise since the last time she was nominated for an Oscar, a decade ago for An Education. Now, Focus Features is planning to open the movie at Christmas, and are positioning Carey for a run at Best Actress.
-Rebecca (trailer): When the news came out saying that Ben Wheatley would adapt Daphne du Maurier’s psychological thriller novel for Netflix, many were shocked. Some people considered the chance that this was an awards play by the cult director, who is doing the same work that earned Alfred Hitchcock his only Best Picture win. But seeing the trailer for this new version, with Lily James playing the newly married young woman who finds herself battling the shadow of her husband's (Armie Hammer) dead first wife Rebecca, we have to wonder if there’s a point to the existence of this remake. We will find out if there’s any awards chances for this movie on October 21, when it releases on streaming. Let’s hope that Kristin Scott Thomas has something to play with as Mrs. Danvers.
-Respect (trailer): Every year, there’s one or two actors who announce to the world “I want an Oscar” and campaign like their lives depended on it. Last time, it was Taron Egerton (accompanied by Elton John, who actually ended up winning another Oscar). This year, it is the turn of Jennifer Hudson, who is playing Aretha Franklin in a biopic directed by first timer Liesl Tommy, and who’s hoping that this attempt at awards ends up more like Dreamgirls than like Cats. She has been doing announcement trailers (a year in advance), quarantine tributes, award show tributes, and every possible thing to get the industry to notice that she’s playing Aretha. Hey, Rami Malek and Renee Zellweger did it in the last few years, why can’t she. With a release date of January 15, Hudson wants that gold.
-Soul (trailer): Disney may be the studio that suffered the biggest hit because of the pandemic. Their parks are a loss, most of their big productions had to stop because of quarantine, and theaters in many parts of the world are closed. After the failure of Tenet for Warner Bros. and the experiment of the mouse house of charging people 30 dollars to see Mulan (which didn’t work at all), many wondered if Disney was gonna delay the new production by Pixar, written and directed by Pete Docter, who brought Oscar gold to his home with Up and Inside Out. The movie, which centers on a teacher (Jamie Foxx) who dreams of becoming a jazz musician and, just as he’s about to get his big break, ends up getting into an accident that separates his soul from his body, had a lot of promise, but the speculation of lost money was also a concern. Finally, Disney decided to release the movie on Christmas, but only on Disney Plus, causing another failure for theaters, but assuring that Disney at least can get more subscribers to its streaming service. And the movie? Well, it just premiered at the London Film Festival, and the critics are saying it’s Pixar at its best, with praises going from the look, to the script by co-director Kemp Powers (who also wrote the play of One Night in Miami, so he has many chances for a nod), to the score by Trent Reznor, Atticus Ross and Jon Batiste. That means that it’s already a top contender to win Best Animated Feature, and this may not be the only category in which the movie is gonna get nominated.
-Supernova (trailer): If there’s a theme this year in terms of Oscar contenders, it might be dementia. One of the examples of this is a small road movie directed by Hairy Macqueen, which premiered to good reviews at the San Sebastian festival. This drama centers on a trip taken by Sam (Colin Firth) and Tusker (Stanley Tucci), partners for 20 years, who travel across England reuniting with friends and family, because Tusker was diagnosed with early onset dementia. While usually the big awards role is usually the one of the person who suffers the illnesses, some reviewers are calling Firth’s work as the supporting companion some of the best of his career. With Bleecker Street buying the rights for a US release, this is a little film that could still make some moves.
-Tenet (trailer): For the first five months of quarantine, the big narrative in the world of film was “Christopher Nolan is gonna save cinemas”. But after postponing the release of the mind bending actioner for months on end, creating big demands and expectations to theater owners, and finally releasing as the sacrificial lamb of Hollywood, Warner Bros ended up seeing the opposite effect. Even though Tom Cruise loved to be back at the movies, critics didn’t share enough excitement to make a spy movie that goes backwards worth the possibility of dying of coronavirus. The audiences didn’t show up as much, and those who did attend, mostly complained about the sound mixing and the plot. After all the sacrifice, it’s highly unlikely that Tenet goes beyond technical awards. Let’s start the “Travis Scott for Best Original Song” campaign now, before it’s too late.
-The Boys in the Band (trailer): The Ryan Murphy blank check for Netflix has been interesting to follow. On the one hand, we have his new TV shows, which go from not existing (The Politician), to alternate movie history that doesn’t know how alternate history works (Hollywood), to a challenge of how much TV will you stomach if Sarah Paulson and other middle aged actresses are campy in it (Ratched). And now, we are seeing his producing hand over the movie side, which starts with the new film adaptation of the cult play from 1968, which was already a movie in 1970 and recently jumped to Broadway in 2018. The cast from the recent Broadway production (which includes Jim Parsons, Zachary Quinto, Matt Bomer and Andrew Rannells) stars in Joe Mantello’s movie, telling the story of a group of gay friends in pre-Stonewall New York who reunite for a birthday party and end up revealing a lot of open wounds. While this movie got good reviews from critics, it kinda disappeared without a sound after beginning to stream on Netflix at the end of September. Unless the service wants to campaign for Golden Globes, this film is lost in the algorithm.
-The Devil All the Time (trailer): Another September release on Netflix was the new psychological thriller by Antonio Campos (Simon Killer, Christine) who didn’t manage to continue his streak of intense and terrifying character dramas with his messy adaptation of the dark novel by Donald Ray Pollock. Wasting a cast that includes Tom Holland, Sebastian Stan, Robert Pattinson, Mia Wasikowska, Eliza Scanlen, Bill Skarsgard, Jason Clarke and Riley Keough, this twisted period piece managed to stay for a while in the Top 10, but the reactions from critics were mixed, and audiences were busy asking what was happening with Pattinson’s Southern accent (which with The King makes two years in a row, baby). The many prognosticators who had hopes for an awards play moved on a while ago.
-The Father (trailer): It’s safe to say at this point that Anthony Hopkins is a lock for a Best Actor nomination at the next Oscars. After its premiere in Sundance, every prognosticator pointed in his direction, and for the next few months he swept praise for his harrowing portrayal of an old man grappling with his age as he develops dementia, causing pain to his beleaguered daughter (recent winner Olivia Colman, who also got praised). Sony Pictures Classics will make Florian Zeller’s adaptation of his acclaimed play its big contender of the season, using Hopkins (who this year got a nom for The Two Popes) as a starter to also get Colman, Zeller and the movie nominated.
-The Human Voice (trailer): And speaking of Sony Pictures Classics, it’s almost safe to say that they have another Oscar in the bag this year. That’s because they just bought Pedro Almodóvar’s short film, his English-speaking debut that is an adaptation of the play by Jean Cocteau. In his version (that was acclaimed by critics after premiering in Venice), Tilda Swinton plays the woman waiting at the end of a phone, expecting to hear from his ex-lover who abandoned her. Considering how the competition for Best Live Action Short Film has become somewhat lacking in the last few years (I mean, have you seen Skin), this should be an easy award to win, especially considering how beloved Almodóvar is in the Academy, which nominated him this year for the great Pain and Glory.
-The Life Ahead: While we’re talking about legends, it’s time to talk about Sophia Loren. 16 years after her last leading role in a movie, the Italian icon returns with a drama that was bought by Netflix, who plans to campaign for her as Best Actress and for the movie in the Best International Film category. Directed by Edoardo Ponti (who is also Sophia’s son), this movie centers on a Holocaust survivor who takes in a 12-year-old boy who recently robbed her, in a contemporary adaptation of Romain Gary’s novel The Life Before Us. Netflix has set a date for November 13 to release this movie, and the campaign seems to be about the narrative of seeing Loren winning another Oscar 60 years after she won her first one for Two Women, by Vittorio De Sica.
-The Midnight Sky: Based on the novel Good Morning, Midnight, this collaboration between George Clooney and Netflix is once again making us ask one thing. Are we gonna get the director Clooney of Good Night and Good Luck, or are we gonna get the director Clooney of Leatherheads, The Ides of March, The Monuments Men and Suburbicon? Let’s hope he breaks his streak of blandness with this sci-fi story, which makes us think a little bit of Gravity: A lonely scientist in the Arctic (Clooney) races to stop a group of astronauts led by Felicity Jones from returning to a devastated Earth. With a release set for December, we have to hope that this is more than some Top 10 filler that will evaporate from existence in a week’s time.
-The Prom: In probably the biggest blank check of the Ryan Murphy deal with Netflix, this musical he’ll direct is based on the Tony-nominated show about a group of Broadway losers (Meryl Streep, Nicole Kidman, Andrew Rannells and James “boo” Corden) who try to find a viral story to get back in the spotlight, and end up going to a town in Indiana to help a lesbian high school student who has been banned from bringing her girlfriend to the prom. While it’s clear that this December 11 release is gonna sweep the Golden Globes, the emptiness of this year compared to others could clear the way for some Oscar nominations, including Meryl and the obligatory original song added to a preexisting musical for easy clout.
-The Trial of the Chicago 7 (trailer): When it was announced that Paramount was selling Aaron Sorkin’s new movie to Netflix, some people saw it as a studio dumping a failed awards vehicle to be forgotten. However, the excuse that Sorkin wanted to release this movie before the US presidential elections seems to be true, because critics really enjoyed his old school courtroom drama, centered around the trial on counter cultural activists in the late ‘60s. Everybody praised uniformly the huge cast, that includes Sacha Baron Cohen, Eddie Redmayne, Yahya Abdul-Mateen II, Jeremy Strong, Joseph Gordon-Levitt, Frank Langella, William Hurt, Michael Keaton and Mark Rylance, which guarantees a SAG awards nomination (but makes it difficult to decide which actors will actually get nominated for Oscars). With a reaction that brings to mind the days of A Few Good Men and is the best reception he got since his Oscar winning script for The Social Network, the film faces a couple of hurdles. First of all, it got positioned as the frontrunner in the Best Picture race by some people, which instantly puts a target on its back. Then, we have to consider that the movie releases on Netflix this Friday, October 16, which makes it the first big contender this year to face the world, and which in these times of lockdown will probably make the reception to Marriage Story and The Irishman from last year look like a walk in the park. I mean, there are some people who aren’t swayed by Sorkin, and for good reason.
-The United States vs. Billie Holiday: While Paramount was quick to hand The Trial of the Chicago 7 to Netflix, there’s another movie that the studio kept to play in the upcoming awards season. This biographical drama follows the life of another famous musician, Billie Holiday (Andra Day), and we see the journey of her career in jazz as she is targeted by the Federal Department of Narcotics with an undercover sting operation led by Federal Agent Jimmy Fletcher (Trevante Rhodes), with whom she had a tumultuous affair. While the movie counts with a screenplay credit by Pulitzer winner Suzan-Lori Parks, the big question mark is the film’s director, Lee Daniels, who hit it big with Precious and then had results that were disastrous (The Paperboy) or financially successful, but not awards-wise (Lee Daniels’ The Butler). However, Paramount trusts in this movie, and with a release date on February 12, they want to make a splash.
-Wolfwalkers (trailer): While the attempts by Apple TV+ to establish themselves as a player in the TV world go from trainwrecks (See) to forgettable (The Morning Show) to eventually great (see Ted Lasso, everybody, this is not a joke), their plans to make a name in the film business have something to do with this year’s Oscars. While Cherry can come or go, they have a solid contender for the Best Feature Documentary with Boys State, but their big dog this year is the new movie by Cartoon Saloon, an Irish studio responsible for the acclaimed The Secret of Kells, The Song of the Sea, and The Breadwinner, all of which were nominated for Best Animated Feature. This time, Tomm Moore and Ross Stewart direct a story about a young apprentice hunter who journeys with her father to Ireland to help wipe out the last wolf pack. But everything changes when she befriends a free-spirited girl from a mysterious tribe rumored to transform into wolves by night. After getting critically acclaimed following its premiere at TIFF, this is a surefire contender for this year’s Best Animated Feature category, and Apple is gonna parade it before its streaming release on December 11. Also, while you watch that, you could watch a couple of episodes of Ted Lasso, too. It’s a really good show, it’s all I’m saying.
Anyways, that’s all the news from the last few months of festivals. No matter what happens next, this is gonna be a long, long, long race.
submitted by jonisantucho to blankies [link] [comments]


2020.10.11 21:39 Lollifroll Talk of Tinseltown - Oct. 11, 2020 (Weekly Newsletter)

✨Talk of Tinseltown✨

By Lollifroll (October 11, 2020)
Good Afternoon! I’ve linked below a comprehensive release schedule for 2020, 2021, and 2022 - broken down by studio - that will be attached and updated on every weekly post. Future date changes will be highlighted for quick reference. If there are any errors let me know so I can correct it.
Major Film Studio - Release Schedule
Lockdown Lows

🔒Cineworld closes all UK and US theaters, except 7 in California🔒

Market Moves: The exit of Bond 25 and the tight restrictions of New York have precipitated the temporary shuttering of a major theatre chain.
The big picture:
  • Cineworld CEO Mooky Greidinger blames NY Governor Andrew Cuomo’s “inflexibility” for not allowing theaters to reopen.
  • When will they reopen? Greidinger states when studios are saying, “It is safe enough to go back,” and announce a committed release schedule.
  • 7 California Regal Theaters remain open in the US (Irvine Spectrum, Carlsbad, the Manchester 16, La Habra, Temecula, Riverside Plaza and Delta Shores).
  • Cineworld stock fell 13¢ from Friday the 2nd to Monday the 5th and have stayed between 36-39¢.
  • Rivals Cinemark and AMC have pledged to remain open...for now.
Good Date Hunting

📅Studios rework their calendars in the wake of Bond📅

Hollywood Hustle: Warner Bros, Universal, and Sony have reshuffled dates to major tentpoles across the 2021-2022 calendar.
The big picture: As studios abandon 2020, many are seeking dates near the end of 2021 or in 2022 to avoid more date reshuffling as the future hinges on a still unknown COVID-19 vaccine timeline.
  • Monster Hunter = December 30 2020
  • Dune = October 1 2021
  • Matrix 4 = December 22 2021
  • Jurassic World: Dominion = June 10 2022
  • The Batman = March 4 2022
  • The Flash = November 4 2022
  • Shazam = June 2 2023

🔥 Hot Packages 🔥

  • Monsters Of California: Tom DeLonge (W/D), Ian Miller(W), The Cartel (P), Striker Entertainment (P)
  • Slinky: Tamra Davis (D), Chris Sivertson (W), Ann Carli (W), Cristina Curbelo (W), Be Brave Media (P)
Merry Soul-mas

🎄Bob Iger and Bob Chapek sacrifice Soul to Disney+🎄

Big in Burbank: Disney has elected to release Pixar’s Soul via Disney+ on Christmas Day.
The big picture: As Disney’s eyes a disappointing finish to their 2020 fiscal year results, they are hoping Disney+ provides good news in Q1 FY2021.
  • Disneyland remains closed, theaters are shuttered with no realistic alternative to recoup film studio costs, and network advertising is down. The lone bright spot is DTC (Direct-to-Consumer) or Disney+ division.
  • With a Q1 series slate of Mandalorian S2 & Wandavision, and a high profile feature in Soul, Disney is poisiting Disney+ to have another big boost in subscribers.
  • Soul taking the Hamilton approach (SVOD) vs the Mulan approach (PVOD) should indicate what generated more value overall.
  • Don’t expect this to be a one-off (there are already several titles in 2021 that could be considered expendable), BUT don’t expect this to become a frequent habit. Disney is unlikely to subsidize production costs for an entire slate to boost subscriber growth a la Netflix.

🍇Marketing Materials🍇

☕Coffee's for Closers 🤝

  • Emma Watts snatches Patty Jenkins & Gal Gadot’’s next film, Cleopatra (Deadline)
  • Jen Salke books Reed Morano (D) and Charlie Kaufman (W) to adapt The Memory Police (Variety)
  • Richard Brener wins Super High starring Craig Robinson, Andy Samberg And Common (Deadline)
  • Mike De Luca unites Scott Z. Burns (W/D) & Kate Winslet on Fake! (Deadline)
  • Sean Bailey picks Joby Harold to write/produce Space Mountain alongside Rideback (THR)
What's next?: Soul critic reviews and they are very positive.
submitted by Lollifroll to boxoffice [link] [comments]


2020.10.10 19:12 k0ks3nw4i So, Naomi Novik's A Deadly Education is Accused of Being Problematic: a Non-White Reader's Review

I decided that Orion needed to die after the second time he saved my life.
I am a fan of Naomi Novik from the very beginning. To date, I’ve read each and every one of her published novels, including all 9 books of her Napoleonic Wars dragon series, Temeraire. So she sits alongside China Miéville and Jo Walton on my bookshelves as authors whose canon of novels I’ve read in entirety. With the notable exceptions of Tongues of Serpents and League of Dragons (book 6 and 9 of Temeraire), I generally enjoyed and was even wowed on occasion by Ms Novik’s body of work, so I was quite excited to hear her announce a new series that’s set in a magical school called the Scholomance. I am somewhat of an enthusiast of this sort of fantasy setting, and have attended many such sorcerous campuses (i.e. Roke, Hogwarts, the University Kvothe attended, Brakebills), Osthorne) in my readings.
Scholomance has a deep footprint in pop culture, and had appeared in many works from folklore to Bram Stoker’s Dracula to the World of Warcraft. In Ms Novik’s A Deadly Education, the Scholomance is a school where wizard children are sent to study the magical arts and um, to get murdered. Reading the Harry Potter books as an adult, one realises that Lucius Malfoy and the Board of Governors actually have a point regarding Dumbledore’s reckless administration of the school which unnecessarily exposes students to mortal danger and incompetent pedagogy. Ms Novik’s Scholomance makes Hogwarts look like a daycare centre for particularly squishy toddlers. The Scholomance has no headmasters or teachers around to protect the teenagers, and the whole revolving drum-shaped institution is fully automated, floating in a Lovecraftian void. Nightmarish creatures of all shapes and descriptions (called maleficaria) infiltrate it incessantly and ambush the fledgling wizards within at every opportunity: during meals, while showering, or even when they are asleep in bed. Further upping the danger level is some of its students who are actively malevolent—called maleficers—and practices dark magic. They do some of the murdering, since it’s an easy way to gain power and thus, increases one’s chance of survival. So why do wizard parents allow their kids to attend this diabolic charnel house? Well, it’s because being at the Scholomance is less deadly than not being there. As a wizard kid grows older, they start attracting maleficaria which hunger for their magical essence, and they need someplace relatively sheltered in order to grow in strength. The story follows the main character Galadriel “El” Higgin’s time there.
Before I proceed with this review, I want to address some accusations of racism that had been leveled at A Deadly Education (summarised in this Twitter thread by user asma).
I find that the charge against the most egregious offence of the book—the one which described dreadlocks as being “not a great idea” because it would be targeted by monstrous “lockleeches”—to be a legitimate complaint. It does perpetuate some troubling ideas about black hairstyles being dirty or prone for infestation. I get that in the context of A Deadly Education, ANY kind of elaborate hairstyle or even long hair is described as a bad idea in the Scholomance but it’s no excuse and it is not a good look for the book to single out locs.
I find the rest of the laundry list of complaints which followed that primary one to be less meritorious and sometimes, completely lacking in merit. I think how one perceives and reviews a book depends on how much one likes it. If you like a book, you are more likely to notice and remember its positive aspects, and forgive its faults. And if you dislike it, you are more likely to notice more faults and, in some cases, more likely to assume the author is at fault in the face of inconclusive evidence. It affects how charitable we are towards an author or a book. Let me give you some examples,
“You really think other kids get jumped a lot more?” he said abruptly, like he’d been stewing over it the whole time.
“You aren’t that bright, are you,” I said, speaking from downward-dog position. “Why do you think people want to be in enclaves in the first place?”
“That’s outside,” he said. “We’re all in here together. Everyone has the same chances—”
He turned around to look at me halfway through that sentence, at which point my upside-down stare knocked him off track and he listened to the regurgitated rubbish coming out of his own mouth.
Now, I will agree that this book does not handle racial diversity as thoroughly and thoughtfully as it could have, but I think what is not mentioned in a lot of critical reviews is how the ideas of class, wealth, and privilege is intimately tied to its world-building and plot—which I think was done quite well. It’s no accident that the most powerful and prosperous enclaves (basically magical factions) in the book are from places like New York and London.
Sure, we can wish A Deadly Education is more intersectional than it is. We can wish the book also considers race/ethnicity more deeply as well, but just because a book isn’t perfect and isn’t able to accomplish everything doesn’t mean it is bad. Personally speaking, I am not very eager to see a white American fantasy author tackle racism and am actually glad she didn’t. I believe every author, white or otherwise, have cultural blind spots, and the issues in A Deadly Education remind me of the antagonist white dragon Lien in Ms Novik’s Temeraire series, who was shunned because the Chinese considers white to be an unlucky and funereal colour. Yet, at the same time, other dragons belonging to the same draconic breed as her are revered in China, even though they are all black (also a colour which has negative connotations in Chinese culture—I should know, I’ve been told off repeatedly by my grandmother for wearing black clothes during Chinese New Year). Yes, it’s sloppy, but I think any author writing about cultures outside of their own is going to make mistakes and if I am unable to forgive them when they stumble, I’ll have to read books which only feature characters belonging to the author’s own race and I don’t want that.
I just got the book last night and read it in one sitting—so you can tell that I liked it. Longtime fans of Ms Novik will also see her abandoning her usual writing style for a less formal first person YA voice, and depending on one’s tolerance level for this style, it can be either a good thing or bad. I think Galadriel or El is a character who is easy to like, and has that combination of sarcastic taciturnity that I see in Tamsym Muir’s Gideon or Harrow, so the tone suits her well. I also really like the idea of a protagonist who is prophesised to be the Big Bad or Evil Overlord of the world, but tries very hard to avoid that fate. Ms Novik got a lot of laughs from me with how El is constantly being coaxed by the school itself to indulge in destruction and mayhem by comically misconstruing her requests,
“You’ve seen one of these before?”
“I’ve got a summoning spell that raises a dozen of them,” I said. “It was used to burn down the Library of Alexandria.”
“Why would you ask for a spell like that!”
“What I asked for was a spell to light my room, you twat, that’s what I got.” To be fair, the incarnate flame was in fact doing a magnificent job of lighting the room.
As much as I enjoyed Ms Novik’s previous books, Uprooted and Spinning Silver, I did not much care for the romance in both, which I consider to be problematic and abusive. A Deady Education is much improved in this regard with the himbo love interest, Orion Lake, who is everyone’s hero. I like how it started from El basically allowing other people to believe they are dating and not correcting them, while Orion remains seemingly oblivious about how his actions make it look. It seems that El and Orion’s relationship will be an important matter going forward in this series (given that mini cliffhanger at the end) so I am glad I enjoyed reading its development.
So what does this leave us? A Deadly Education is a good book for me. It’s not great, and it can do better when it comes to racial representation, but it is by no means the flaming, Heil-Hitlering, racist trashfire that some reviewers are making it out to be. I believe that it is entirely possible for anyone to commit acts of microaggression in their writing unwittingly (nothing in Ms Novik’s entire oeuvre or behaviour made me think she was being bigoted on purpose, unlike The Author Who Must Not Be Named), and I hope the author takes some of these criticisms into consideration for her future books. Similarly, I think it is important to point out what’s bad about a book without forgetting everything good about it either. I for one, am still looking forward to read its sequel, The Last Graduate, when it comes out.
P.S. Note that this review only reflects MY personal opinion. I do not speak for all people of colour or Chinese people. I also docked 0.5 points from my rating of this book for the dreadlocks thing.
fantasy 2020 Bingo squares:

Rating: 3.75/5 stars

You can find this and other reviews I wrote at A Naga of the Nusantara.

submitted by k0ks3nw4i to Fantasy [link] [comments]


2020.10.05 15:09 origamidreaming I am 33 years old making $335,000, live in London, and work as a lawyer

This is my first MD, a little scary! I've been reading Refinery29 for ages and found this group after the disappointing, fake lawyer MD from "Salt Lake City".
Section One: Assets and Debt
I'm single so all amounts are my own, although I've had help from my parents at various points in my life (which I'll note) and I'm very lucky to also have them to support me if life goes completely to the gutter. Everything in this diary is converted into USD and rounded (to the nearest cent for the diary, but nearest $1k more generally) for simplicity using google's exchange rates when I was writing this over the last week.
Section Two: Income
On income progression, I've been working as a lawyer for 10 years:
Section Three: Expenses
Section 4: Diary
DAY 1 SUNDAY - $33.50
I wake up at 7 am . . . My biological clock in COVID times is all sorts of messed up, and I feel like I've been sleep deprived for months. Doggo hears me moving in bed and jumps up for a 15 minute cuddle. I then put on a coat and take her outside for a bathroom break. I feed Doggo and make a cup of tea for myself and then go back to bed.
By bed, I mean I scroll through IG and the news for an hour. I doze off eventually and then wake up at 10:30 for a second cuddle session. I finally get dressed while listening to NPR's Consider This. I'm 4 episodes behind, it's the perfect start to the morning. I make avocado toast with a fried egg at 11:15.
I head out to walk Doggo for an hour at noon and regret it 15 minutes in. London has skipped Fall, it feels very much like Winter and I'm not prepared. By the end of the walk, I'm sniffling behind my mask. I treat myself to a blueberry financier from my local cafe ($4.72). I eat half of the cake at home with a second cup of tea, decaffeinated this time, and also eat a box of cherries. Doggo eats her lunch and then passes out.
I spend most of the afternoon decluttering, I go through and organise, swapping out seasonal clothes. I have been watching the Home Edit on Netflix and am obsessed!!! I'm thinking of placing an IKEA/Amazon order for "Product" but hold off. Amazon delivery guy drops off a parcel at 3 pm -- I bought a plant saucer and a trio of pots last week. I've been growing some plants on my patio but now that it's getting cold, need to bring them all in. I spend an hour repotting some herbs. I place a second order for the pots and saucer as they're perfect for the remaining herbs ($28.78).
At 6:30, I make myself some skillet pizza with a side salad for dinner, and eat while addressing some weekend work emails for about 30 minutes. I hop into the shower at 7:30 and spend my evening with a face mask and the Home Edit. Doggo gets her last walk at 9 pm, and then we head to bed. I have a hard time falling asleep so I light a candle, move the phone to another room, and lie in bed for hours.
DAY 2 MONDAY - $0
I wake up at 7:30 am and take Doggo out, make myself a cup of tea, and eat the leftover cake along with strawberries for breakfast. I start work at 8 am, replying to emails and reviewing memos until 10, when I have an hour call with one of my direct reports.
After the call, I take Doggo out to the park for an hour. I keep an eye on emails, but nothing too exciting comes up as I work for an American company and it's still early there. When we get back, I heat up leftover pizza for lunch at noon and dive back into work. I start a marathon of calls from 1:30 pm to 4 pm, and then finally turn to other work.
The Amazon delivery guy arrives at 5pm, I take a 30 minute break to repot the remaining herbs before the sun sets, and then head back to work until 7 pm. I feel lazy so make myself avocado toast, peel an orange and eat a spoon of nutella for dinner. I spend the evening listening to the How I Built This podcast and watching the last episode of The House Edit. I'm in bed by 10.
DAY 3 TUESDAY - $46.27
I wake up at 7 am and take Doggo out -- big mistake not wearing a raincoat, so we make it as quick as possible. Doggo gets her breakfast while I make a cup of tea and eat two portions of strawberry yogurt. I work from 7:30-8:15, and then head out to take Doggo to the vet. I'm back home at 9:30, but sadly without Doggo who has been having leg issues this year. The vet recommended that she stay with them until the afternoon for x-rays. Thank goodness for pet insurance, the x-rays cost $940 but it is all covered by the insurer as I've already met my deductible.
I work from 10 to 12 before taking a quick 15 minute break to make some noodles (Thai inspired peanut noodles -- I made the sauce last week and defrosted overnight). I eat my meal while browsing Reddit and various blogs, and then spend another 15 minutes vacuuming the flat (Doggo sheds!).
I restart work at 1 pm until I pick Doggo up at 5 pm, she's lethargic from being sedated and the vet recommends booking her in for surgery (another £2,600 covered by the insurer). I join a call from 6-7 and then finish addressing other work emails that are time sensitive.
I stop work at 8 pm and let my friends, family and the dog walker know about Doggo's upcoming surgery next week. I'm stressed and decide to place an order on Glossier for cloud paint, balm dotcom and stretch concealer. I use a 10% coupon and it comes out to $46.27. I wash up, browse through the news, and go to bed at 10:30 pm.
DAY 4 WEDNESDAY - $59.02
I wake up at 7:30 am and take Doggo out, the morning is lovely today (bright blue skies, air nice and crisp!). I work for 45 minutes from 8 while eating granola with milk, and then head to the farmers’ market for some groceries. Meanwhile, the dog walker comes by at 9 to take Doggo to the park (cost is included in my monthly expenses). I ended up buying daikon, coleslaw, brioche rolls, pork ribs, roast turkey, gouda, and salmon ($26.97).
I come back from grocery shopping to see a delivery of flowers ($32.05). This is a subscription service where I get a delivery about once every three weeks (approximately how long they. last), but I’ll skip if I don’t like the arrangement. I used to not buy flowers, but it's given me such joy this year. This weeks’ arrangement includes pale pink roses, snowberries, bright pink alstroemeria, purple irises, white lisianthus and eucalyptus.
Doggo comes back from her walk, and she goes to sleep while I restart work. I do a load of laundry at noon, take a 30 minute yoga break, and then make myself a sandwich with coleslaw, turkey, sliced cheese (thank you to the CupofJo blog for the idea, delicious). I finish off the rest of the nutella. Doggo also gets her lunch and a bit of playtime. I dive back into work at 1 pm after putting my clothes in the dryer. I'm on back to back calls from 4 to 6, and then end my workday at 6:30. I make myself some ramen spruced up with bok choi and salad onions from my indoor herb garden.
I decide to shower early at 8 and then watch Schitt's Creek while reading up on the news (last night's debate, omg). I decide to go to bed at 10:30 and pop Doggo into her crate and try locking the door. It's a disaster, she cries and whimpers until 2 am. I wasn't expecting it to be this bad: she used to sleep in a locked crate as a baby and, even as an adult, alternates between sleeping in the crate (unlocked) and on my bed. Once she has her surgery, she'll need to sleep in a locked crate for two months while her legs heal as jumping will undo all the good work. It's devastating and I can't sleep either, I think I fall asleep at 3 am but who knows when.
DAY 5 THURSDAY - $123.76
I'm exhausted but my body wakes up at 7 am anyways. Doggo is quite happy and seems not exhausted at all. I take her for a short walk, give her breakfast, make myself some tea and get to work at 7:30 -- I'll nap later if I can. I catch up on emails, review some documents, and look at candidate resumes for a role that's open on my team. I break at 9:30 to fry an egg to eat with toast and a second cup of tea. I take a 45 minute call at 10, which results in a massive headache (mostly because of the 4 or so hours of sleep, but the call was a mess too). I decide to take Doggo out so we can both get some fresh air.
At noon, I get a delivery of plants that I purchased last week! This makes me so happy and motivated to work again. If anyone else is as plant obsessed, I bought Zamioculcas zamiifolia, polyscias fabian, sansevieria moonshine, clusia princess and a new pot. I take a break at 1 pm to eat a lunch of daikon soup and ribs (leftover, defrosted from last week), which watching Criminal on Netflix. It's the French series, I've already finished the UK set. I also feed Doggo her lunch inside her crate with the door locked, a little bit of whimpering but so much better.
Back to work at 2 pm with back to back calls from 2:30-4:30 (way too many calls in COVID times). I finish work at 6:30 after my last call is cancelled. At 7 pm, the doorbell rings again -- my groceries are here! I order online once every two weeks and supplement with weekly trips to the farmers market. Today's grocery bill is $82.27 for baby wipes (for Doggo), toilet paper, hand gel x2, shampoo x2, kleenex x2, toothbrush heads, decaf tea bags, soy sauce, chilli oil, sugar, peanut butter, rice noodles, tomatoes, onions, chicken thigh, melon, salad onions, pizza, mandarins, green beans, bananas, grapes, broccoli.
After unpacking my groceries, I buy a box of roasted cauliflower and greek salad from the cafe downstairs for dinner ($9.67). I place an order for Doggo from Amazon: some powder for small cuts to add to our first-aid kit and a raised dog bowl (supposedly better for her spine) totalling $31.82. We do some training in the evening (tricks for treats!) so she's nice and tired, cuddle in the bed while watching Schitt's Creek, and then I place her into the crate (minimal crying for about 10 minutes tonight, thank you Doggo).
DAY 6 FRIDAY - $45.61
I wake up at 7:30 am, take Doggo out quickly and start a laundry cycle for my sheets, duvet cover and pillow covers. At 8 am, the cleaner comes to do a much better job than I can (included in monthly expenses) and also makes my bed (is anyone else useless at putting duvets in duvet covers?). I give Doggo her breakfast, make myself a cup of tea and I eat some leftover carrot cake. I work from 8:30 to 11, when the cleaner leaves, with a break in between to put the laundry into the dryer.
Doggo gets a 15 minute walk (it's pouring!) and then we both eat lunch. I make an arugula salad, with tomatoes, mozzarella and mint & balsamic dressing. I read Lean In for an hour while eating. Yes, I know I'm late to the book club but was curious after seeing all of the comments!
I restart work at 12:30 and end at 5:30 to quickly walk Doggo in the rain and then play with her. I leave her with dinner at 6 and then take an Uber to Boy's place (it's our 4th date). I've been disappointed with Londoners on the tube as many people don't wear masks or don't do it properly so prefer to walk or take Ubers even though it's obviously more expensive.
Boy has been cooking up a storm, we polish off a bottle of wine and then some more, a tomato salad and pasta with lots of cheese. I Uber back right before midnight ($45.61 for two Ubers), I'm not concerned about the Uber turning into a pumpkin but I would never leave Doggo by herself. Sorry Boy (and boys generally), I don't do sleepovers without Doggo. Doggo is the happiest girl and I'm feeling pretty good myself, so we go on a long midnight walk and then some playtime at home. I'm not in bed until 2 am.
DAY 7 SATURDAY - $17.96
I wake up at 10 am and Doggo and I head to the park. The skies don't look great, so we keep the walk relatively short and choose not to take a detour into the farmers market. It's the right decision as it starts pouring at around 11 once we're home. Doggo gets her lunch, while I make myself a BLT with some grapes. I then spend an hour catching up on work emails that came in Friday (evening London time, but business hours America time). I draft a couple of responses so they're ready to go, but wait to send them until Monday. Weekend emails are the worst.
I text Boy to say thank you again for the dinner, we flirt a bit and then I get on a call with a group of my best friends at 2 pm to catch up. We all turn the video off because of Zoom fatigue but just hearing their voices is perfect. I spend the afternoon reading up on surgery aftercare for Doggo and place an order for a cold press and an inflatable pet collar that looks soft so that Doggo won't need to wear the cone of shame ($17.96). I then finish Lean In and also go through Criminal (France) on Netflix.
At 7 pm, I start making dinner (salmon with honey and sriracha plus a side salad) and call my brother in Vancouver in the evening to catch up over my dinner and his breakfast. I shower early, put on a face mask, and watch When Harry Met Sally. Doggo joins me during the movie to enjoy some belly rubs, takes her last walk and then we're both in bed by 10:30.
TOTAL SPEND: $326.12
This week wasn't too unusual apart from Doggo's costs. Apart from food and treats when we're running low I rarely buy anything for her anymore as we've accumulated a ton of toys, leads, etc. Pre-COVID times I spent more money on transport and food (as I used to eat out for my lunch almost every day in the office), but less money on home and health (I have bought so many plants and spruced up some of my decorations). The beauty purchase is a once a month cost, but I would spend that money in other categories other weeks.
submitted by origamidreaming to MoneyDiariesACTIVE [link] [comments]


2020.10.02 18:06 typewritermark Greetings from San Francisco: Bob Mould Update on orders, shipping and tour

Greetings from San Francisco. I hope all of you are as well as can be during these tough times. I’d like to bring you up to speed on fulfillment of Blue Hearts vinyl ordered through Red Star, fulfillment of both versions of Distortion across several retail outlets, and ticketed Solo Electric tour dates.
First, Blue Hearts. Virginia-based Red Star Merchandise has been a business partner of mine since 2014. Red Star manufactures merchandise you buy at my concerts, as well as physical goods you purchase from my online store. I am aware of the pandemic-related delays on the shipping side, particularly with the colored vinyl version of Blue Hearts. In addition, there is heavier than expected demand for the black Blue Hearts shirt. Please know that Red Star is shipping your orders as I type.
Second, Distortion. London-based Demon Music Group has been a business partner of mine since 2012. Demon originally announced a release date of Friday, October 2 for the 24 CD Box Set and the first Vinyl Box edition. I was informed that the release dates have to be moved to Friday, October 23. This will not jeopardize any orders that are currently in process, but it will cause a short delay in fulfillment across the entire system. From Demon Music Group:
“Due to the complexity of the box set, we have a slight delay as we wanted to ensure this was perfect and matched the expectations of Bob and his fan base. Apologies for the delay, but we promise it will be worth the wait.”
Finally, Solo Electric touring. Back in April 2020, the March shows impacted by the initial outbreak of COVID-19 were rescheduled to November 2020. At that time, everyone involved in the touring component (myself, my longtime booking agents, all contracted venues) hoped we would be clear to proceed with the tour.
As of today, the dates scheduled for November 2020 are postponed due to ongoing concern and uncertainty surrounding COVID-19. We are in the process of rescheduling these dates for the fourth quarter of 2021, and will announce the new tour dates when we are able. As always, the venues will honor all outstanding tickets for the rescheduled dates in late 2021. If you prefer a refund, please go directly to your point of purchase. You will be given a refund.
Please know that I have been doing everything I can to remedy these various issues. I’ve been handling the management duties this year — any and all responsibility falls directly on me. Please accept my apologies for these inconveniences.
COVID-19 has created many unforeseen challenges for all Americans. I’m feeling it as much as any of my fellow small business owners, shopkeepers, and independent contractors. I’ll be one of the last people in America to go back to work — there’s no chance of me yelling in a packed music venue anytime soon. The overall pandemic-related slowdowns in both manufacturing and distribution of goods have made running my small business a real challenge. Everything will end up fine, but it’s been a long summer and early fall.
I appreciate you taking the time to read through this update, and I hope this note addressed and answered your main concerns. I’ll be back soon with links to interviews, reviews, and podcasts that mention Bob Mould, Blue Hearts, and the Distortion Box Sets.
Yours in music, Bob Mould
submitted by typewritermark to BobMould [link] [comments]


2020.09.27 18:00 NotJustUltraman Responding to Ray Comfort

Ray Comfort recently debated a YouTuber called Conspiracy Catz on the topic of evolution vs creationism. While Conspiracy Catz tried to focus on the science and evidence of evolution and creation, Ray simply preached his beliefs and continued to insist that evolution was not scientific. He also attacked atheists, which Catz never said he was. I don't make videos, but this debate inspired me to put together a response video pointing out all of Ray's false statements in that debate.
My response video: The 52 Things Conman Ray Comfort Said in His Debate With Conspiracy Catz
The original debate: RAY COMFORT v CONSPIRACY CATZ
Here's a summary of his false statements that I responded to, with citations for my responses where I felt they were approproate. These are also in the video description.
#1 Evolution is "unproven and unprovable." bio.libretexts.org/Bookshelves/Introductoryand_General_Biology/Book%3A_General_Biology(Boundless)/18%3A_Evolution_and_the_Origin_of_Species/18.5%3A_Evidence_of_Evolution/18.5A%3A_The_Fossil_Record_as_Evidence_for_Evolution
#2 Evidence of evolution "has to be received by blind faith."
#3 An evolutionist believes...
#4 People consider suicide because "Darwinian evolution leaves humanity without hope..."
#5 There are "about 50 trillion" atoms in a cell. thoughtco.com/how-many-atoms-in-human-cell-603882
#6 "There's never been an atheist society."
#7 Atheism is believing in "nothing creating everything."
#8 "Carbon dating's not trustworthy." Scientists have a "blind faith" in radiometric dating. https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/evolution/library/03/3/l_033_01.html
#9 "Evolution hasn't got a clue" about male/female and reproductive organs. https://study.com/academy/lesson/the-evolution-of-sexual-reproduction.html
#10 The scientific evidence agrees with creationism.
#11 Evolution "hides behind the skirts of science."
#12 Evolution gives people "no moral responsibility."
#13 "When a question is repeated... that's when you formulate a lie."
#14 "The reason you love evolution is 'cause it means you can do what you want to do morally."
#15 "Well you said nobody... that means you're omniscient."
#16 In the past, "independent scientists believed the earth was flat".
#17 "Darwinian evolution is not scientific." Professor Dave Explains: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC0cd_-e49hZpWLH3UIwoWRA
#18 "There's no scientific basis for" evolution.
#19 Evolution "cannot be observed." London Underground mosquito: http://www.bbc.com/earth/story/20160323-the-unique-mosquito-that-lives-in-the-london-underground
#20 Evolution "cannot be tested." E. coli: http://myxo.css.msu.edu/ecoli
#21 Evolution "must be received by blind faith." Greenish warblers: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1023/A:1013319217703
#22 "Scientific and evolution - that's an oxymoron."
#23 "When we say god created evolution... that's... making up a non-existent god to suit ourselves."
#24 "God created male and female... I see evidence that can be proven and tested."
#25 Lots of nonsense about having things that haven't evolved yet.
#26 "The word 'science' just means knowledge."
#27 "The only way you can reconcile it... is to say that everything happened fully formed."
#28 Creationism is "scientific... can be observed."
#29 Nothing is evolving.
#30 "Evolution is not scientific."
#31 "Darwin himself said, 'I think I invented a fantasy.'" https://thedispersalofdarwin.wordpress.com/2011/11/08/three-darwin-quote-mines-corrected
#32 "Evolution should be discarded... blah blah blah.") Pretty sure that's a direct quote.)
#33 "Thousands of individuals... have found that the bible is true."
#34 "It comes back to blind faith."
#35 "You don't know these scientists." https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCWONIbZVnOb-okGZW1hwL2A
#36 The gospels don't contradict each other. https://www.patheos.com/blogs/messyinspirations/2020/05/more-contradictions-gospels/ https://www.skepticsannotatedbible.com/contra/number.html
#37 "You can say there was one bullet or there was two" involved in the JFK assassination.
#38 There are plenty of scientists who are "peer reviewed on creationism."
#39 "You just don't hear of it because of the moral responsibility that comes with it."
#40 "Go through Ken Ham's ark and look through all the science they've got."
#41 "Just go to Answers in Genesis..."
#42 Catz's argument is "about making up a false god."
#43 All scientists are wrong and stupid.
#44 I don't understand that question.
#45 "Evolutionists hide behind the skirt of genuine science."
#46 Evolutionists say if you don't believe in evolution, "then you're not scientific."
#47 "That's a strawman." http://www.fallacyfiles.org/strawman.html
#48 Evolution is "not scientific."
#49 "There goes the oxymoron again, Al."
#50 Catz is saying anthropomorphism isn't real.
#51 "Evolution vs. God is an award-winning video." https://www.livingwaters.com/movie/evolution-vs-god https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=U0u3-2CGOMQ https://www.imdb.com/title/tt3064248 https://www.answersingenesis.org/apologetics/evolution-vs-god https://www.christiancinema.com/digital/movie/evolution-vs-god https://www.amazon.com/Evolution-vs-God-Ray-Comfort/dp/1878859110 https://www.topdocumentaryfilms.com/evolution-vs-god
#52 "I have studied evolution... for the last thirty years."
Edit: Formatting
submitted by NotJustUltraman to atheism [link] [comments]


2020.09.25 14:36 VisibleConfusion69 Open Letter to Steve Huffman and the Board of Directors of Reddit, Inc- If you believe in standing up to hate and supporting black lives, you need to act

Open Letter to Steve Huffman and the Board of Directors of Reddit, Inc – If you believe in standing up to hate and supporting black lives, you need to act
Dear Steve,
On June 1, you shared a letter on Reddit’s blog “Remember the Human – Black Lives Matter”. In this letter, you claim “as Snoos, we do not tolerate hate, racism, and violence, and while we have work to do to fight these on our platform, our values are clear.”
As of today, neither you nor any other Reddit admins have shared this letter anywhere on reddit.com. However, the response to this message was swift on Twitter, where you were rightfully labeled as hypocritical based on your long and well-recorded history of defending racism and white supremacy on this site.
Among the many responses was this message from former CEO of Reddit, Ellen Pao.
I am obligated to call you out: You should have shut down the_donald instead of amplifying it and its hate, racism, and violence. So much of what is happening now lies at your feet. You don't get to say BLM when reddit nurtures and monetizes white supremacy and hate all day long
Many others shared links and screenshots of your past statements saying “Open racism and slurs are fine to post on Reddit”.
The problem of Reddit’s leadership supporting and providing a platform for racist users and hateful communities has long been an issue. Nearly six years ago, dozens of subreddits signed the original open letter to the Reddit admins calling for action. While the Reddit admins acknowledged the letter and said it was a high priority to address this issue, extremely little has been done in the intervening years.
On June 5, you shared this update on /Announcements, Upcoming changes to our content policy, our board, and where we’re going from here. In the post, you stated that there is a need for continued adjustments of Reddit’s content policy to address racism and that this remains a priority. These continued statements that you hear us, that this is a priority, or that you are working on it are not enough. It has been five years since your return as CEO and this still remains Reddit’s most glaring problem.
Steve, if you and Reddit genuinely care about the values of standing up to racism and hate, then you need to back it up with real action. As moderators on this website who have dedicated countless hours to keeping this site running, we call on Reddit to take the following steps:
At /AgainstHateSubreddits, we have laid out the many failures of Steve time and again to stand up to white supremacy on this site time and time and time again.
With a website with the impact of Reddit on the broader conversations being held in communities around the world, this website needs real leadership and real action.
We hope that Reddit will not just share empty platitudes — but will take a meaningful stand against hate, and take these recommendations to heart.
This letter is co-signed by more than 200 300 350 430 550 650 800 communities representing well over 200 hundreds of millions of subscribers:
If your subreddit is not listed and would like to sign on, please leave a comment below
/AgainstHateSubreddits
/2cb/
/2mad4madlads
/3dsFCswap
/9M9H9E9/
/ABCDesis
/AbsoluteUnits
/AbyssRium/
/AccidentalBoobGrazes/
/AccidentalComedy
/AceAttorneyCirclejerk/
/ACNHGardening
/AfricanAmerican
/androiddev
/animalsbeingbros
/ANormalDayInAmerica/
/anormaldayinrussia
/AntifascistsofReddit/
/antifastonetoss
/arizona/
/arrow
/ArrowAndTheCanaries
/Art
/AsABlackMan
/Asexual/
/askaustin
/AskBibleScholars/
/AskHistorians
/AskMen
/AskMenOver30
/askphilosophy
/AskPhotography
/Asktransgender
/AskWomen
/askwomenadvice
/asoiaf
/atheism
/autism
/awwducational
/babybigcatgifs
/badUIbattles
/BAMEVoicesUK
/BatwomanTV
/BDS
/Beautevil/
/beautyguruchatter
/BestOfReports
/BethMidrash/
/BiggerThanYouThought
/biggerthenyouthought/
/BikiniBottomTwitter
/blackhair
/blackladies
/blacklesbians/
/BlackLightning
/blacklivesmatter
/blackmagicfuckery
/BlackPeopleGifs
/BlackPeopleTwitter
/Blerds
/bodegaboys
/books
/bootlegtoys/
/boottoobig/
/bostontrees
/brakebills
/BritishAirways
/brownbeauty
/BrownPeopleGifs
/BudgetExotics
/buycanadian
/California
/CallMeKevin
/cat
/catan
/CatInTheHatMemes
/Catslaps
/catswithdogs
/Charlotte
/cheese
/chicago
/Chonkers
/chvrches
/civbattleroyale/
/CK2GameOfthrones
/CocosClassics
/coldshowers
/ComedyBuddhism/
/Contrapoints
/copyright
/CoreCyberpunk/
/Corvids
/coys
/CPTSDmemes/
/CreateA/
/creepypms
/CrewsCrew
/cringe
/cringepics
/CritterFacts
/CrowBro
/Crystals/
/curlyhair
/cursedpipes
/Dachschaden
/dankmemes
/DarkJokes
/dataisbeautiful
/dating
/DatingHell/
/DCTV
/deals/
/DebateAVegan
/deerhunter
/democrats
/DenverProtests/
/DescriptionPlease
/didntknowiwantedthat
/digital_manipulation
/dixiequeer
/DIY
/DnDGreentext
/docproduction
/DogeMine
/DragRace_Canada
/DrawForMe/
/DynastyCW
/eagles
/elliegoulding
/EmulationOnAndroid
/entitledkids
/entitledparents
/entitledparentsmemes
/entitledpeople
/espressobin
/euphoria
/explainlikeimdog
/eyebleach
/facepalm
/fakealbumcovers
/Fantasy
/FastFood
/fatlogic
/Feminism
/Feminisme/
/feminisms
/femmesofdesoto
/FemmeThoughts
/Fitness
/fixtagram
/FlashTV
/Florida
/FloridaMan
/Food
/formula1
/fosterit
/foundthemobileuse
/FragileMaleRedditor
/FragileWhiteRedditor
/freecompliments
/FriendsofthePod
/ftm/
/FuckTheAltright
/gallifrey
/GamerGhazi/
/gaming
/gaming4gamers
/Gamingcirclejerk
/gaminggifs
/garlicbreadmemes
/gatekeeping
/GatekeepingYuri/
/gay
/geckos/
/GenderCynical/
/genderfluid_irl
/Girlsmirin
/GODZILLA
/goodseals
/GreenAndPleasant
/Gryffindor
/guitarlessons
/Gunners
/GunsAreCool
/Hair
/happy
/happycowgifs
/harrypotte
/Hasan_Pike
/Hindi/
/HipHopHeads
/hisdarkmaterials
/HisDarkMaterialsHBO
/HistamineIntolerance/
/HistoricalJesus/
/hitboxporn
/hockey
/HoldMyNip
/House
/Hufflepuff
/humansbeingbros
/humor
/iamatotalpieceofshit
/idontworkherelady
/im14andthisisdeep
/indianmuslims
/industrialengineering/
/insanepeoplefacebook
/instantkarma
/InternationalDev
/intersex
/ios13beta/
/IRLEasterEggs/
/isitbullshit
/jewellerymaking
/joebiden
/JohnCena/
/JUSTNOMIL
/JustNoSO
/Kashmiri
/KerbalSpaceProgram/
/KingkillerChronicle/
/kittens
/kpop
/kpoprants
/kpopthoughts
/LandlordLove
/leagueofmemes
/LeopardsAteMyFace
/Letterkenny
/LGBT
/LGBTnews
/LibDemMemes/
/librandu
/lifehacks
/LifeProTips
/London
/LosAngeles
/loseit/
/Louisville
/mademesmile
/madlads
/MakeMeSuffe
/MakeMoatsGreatAgain
/makeupaddiction
/malefashion
/malefashionadvice
/MarchAgainstNazis
/marchagainstrump
/marijuanaconcentrates
/MarkMyWords
/marvelsavengerproject
/mcdonalds
/MeditationPractice
/mediumformat/
/Menslib
/menwritingwomen
/mfa_irl
/mfacirclejerk
/Miami
/Michael
/Military
/mimirecipes
/minipainting/
/Minneapolis
/Minnesota
/MirrorForSale
/mississippi
/MLS
/ModelUSGov/
/MonstaX
/MUA3
/muacjdiscussion/
/Music
/MuslimMarriage
/NASCAR
/naturalhair
/NewOrleans
/NewPatriotism
/News
/Nextfuckinglevel
/NFL
/nicegirls
/NikeSB
/nj4nj
/NJmeetup
/NJr4r
/NMS_Zoology
/noburp
/NomSaying
/nonbinary
/nonmonogamy
/Nottheonion
/Nr2003
/nsfw_gifs
/NYCFC/
/NYCtrees
/Obama
/OCPoetry/
/OCPoetryCirclejerk/
/oddlymesmerizing
/Oddlyterrifying
/offmychest
/Offroad/
/OKState/
/Omaha
/OnGuardForThee
/orcas
/orlando
/Overseas_Pakistani
/PaidForWinRAR
/PanPorn
/paofacts
/partyparrot
/peoplefuckingdying
/Pete_Buttigieg/
/Phillylist
/philosophy
/phoenix/
/PlayingGuitar
/PledgeToImpeach
/PlusSizeFashion
/Poetry/
/poetry_critics
/popheads
/powerlifting
/pregnant
/progressive_islam
/progresspics/
/punchablefaces
/pupliftingnews
/queers
/racism
/rage
/rant
/rape
/rarepuppers
/ravenclaw
/ravens/
/RebelGalaxyOutlaw
/relationships
/relationship_advice
/rigtours/
/RoastMe
/roosterteeth/
/RPDR_UK
/ryangosling/
/rupaulsdragrace
/SandersForPresident
/ScienceFacts
/sciencegifs
/sciences
/Screenwriting
/self
/selfies
/sexpositive
/ShitRedditSays
/ShittyLifeProTips
/shittymoviedetails
/shouldercats
/Showerthoughts
/silhouWHAT
/skitswedditsager
/skyrimmods/
/skyrimvr
/slytherin
/soccer
/socialjustice
/software
/Solocampingandhiking
/spaghetti/
/SPLCenter
/SpoiledDragRace
/spotify/
/squaredcircle
/StargirlTV
/StayingAtHome
/streetwear
/Strongman
/supergirlTV
/SupermanAndLois
/survivor
/svihs/
/tangsoodo
/TerfsWritingTrans
/thanosdidnothingwrong
/thathappened
/thatsabooklight
/thatsthejoke
/TheArtifice
/theocho
/Tim
/timecrisis/
/ToiletPaperUSA
/traaaaaaannnnnnnnnns/
/trans
/TranscribersOfReddit
/transgender
/transgenderteens
/transpositive
/transspace
/transtimelines
/trashy
/TwinCities
/TwoXChromosomes
/Unexpected
/unitedkingdom
/unpopularkpopopinions
/unsentletters
/vaxxhappened
/vegancirclejerk
/VeganDE
/videos
/Volumeeating/
/voteBLUE
/voteDEM
/watchandlearn
/wearethemusicmakers
/weddingplanning/
/weightroom
/WeirdLit
/whiskey
/whitepeoplegifs
/wholesomeBPT
/wholesomecomics
/wholesomehaiku
/WitchesVsPatriarchy
/wnba
/women
/womenshealth
/WorldNews
/WWE/
/YesFap
/Yiddish/
/turtlefacts
Added as of 6:30 PM US Eastern, June 8, 2020
/EarthPorn
/assholedesign/
/DevUnion/
/ADHD/
/Swimming/
/OpenWaterSwimming/
/onionheadlines/
/dangerousdesign/
/behindthegifs/
/chelseafc/
/ITZY/
/straykids/
/red_velvet/
/GeschichtsMaimais/
/neoliberal/
/TrueCrime/
/TrueCrimeDiscussion/
/UnresolvedMysteries/
/serialkillers/
/DelphiMurders/
/RedditCrimeCommunity/
/nonmurdermysteries/
/mystery/
/FoxFiction/
/RepublicanValues/
/nasa/
/Breadit/
/HoustonF1/
/FairytaleasFuck/
/Instagramreality/
/Botchedsurgeries/
/Portland/
/freefolk/
/cheapguitarporn/
/Babylon5Gifs/
/Hijabis/
/Squidbillies/
/coronavirusAL/
/Aquariums/
/shittyaquariums/
/AquaSwap/
/Goldfish/
/Koi/
/AquariumMemes/
/MonsterFishKeepers/
/AquariumsTestSub/
/KnifeFish
/fishshaming/
/Awwquariums/
/Koi_Keepers/
/Bichirs/
/ContagiousLaughte
/AnarchoWave/
/Lima_Peru/
/Spiderman/
/MakingaMurdere
/TheQuibble
/Hogwarts
/ImSorryScout/
/UtahJazz/
/PublicFreakout/
/peloton/
/AmateurRoomPorn/
/RimWorldPorn/
/carolinekonstna
/breathwork/
/saltlakemetro/
/service_dogs/
/service_dogsofReddit/
/ShingekiNoKyojin/
/sounddesign/
/PromoteYourMusic/
/SpotifyPlaylists/
/musicproduction/
/WrestleWithThePackage/
/Austin/
/alcohol/
/RedditsMuseumofFilth/
/chickflixxx/
/Stellaris
/eu4
/paradoxplaza
/victoria2
/Imperator
/KillerQueen/
/TyrannyGame
/saltierthancrait
/kawoshin/
/SapphoAndHerFriend/
/falcons/
/anime_titties/
As of 1:00 PM US Eastern, June 9, 2020
/Jokes/
/skyrim/
/2meirl4meirl/
/MildlyVandalised/
/HolUp/
/Wreddit/
/SCJerk/
/cannabis/
/hearing/
/German/
/lfg/
/dndnext/
/BaldursGate3/
/SampleSize/
/FireEmblemHeroes/
/fireemblem/
/Splintercell/
/RadicalChristianity/
/RussiaLago/
/WormMemes/
/MHOC/
/GroupMovies/
/littlebritishcars/
/Iamnotracistbut/
/ClassicBabes/
/filk/
/ainbow/
/genderquee
/bisexual/
/PuppySmiles/
/lyftdrivers/
/beigeonly/
/Smithtown/
/boyslove/
/heat/
/Detroit/
/BodyAcceptance/
/ConspiracyII/
/ImpactWrestling/
/Splatoon_2/
/ARMS/
/Snek/
/Mario/
/casualnintendo/
/nintendo/
/cleanagers/
/TheMorningShow/
/borns/
/gwent/
/sleepnomore/
/Philippines/
/OneTrueGary/
/circlebroke2/
/circlebroke/
/SRDBroke/
/kflay/
/Musicthemetime/
/HouseChickens/
/poledancing/
/csharp/
/ESL_Teachers/
/GayTeensVerified
/PrincessesOfPowe
/collared/
/knitting/
/Adoption/
/Delaware/
/productivity/
/NewYorkIslanders/
/sewing/
/BlatantMisogyny/
/mendrawingwomen/
/legosaga/
/thewalkingdead/
/MuslimLounge/
/StressFreeSeason/
/ladybonersgonemild/
/wow/
/worldofpvp/
/Blizzard/
/woweconomy/
/ControlProblem/
/Cinemagraphs/
/angula
/Python/
/americandad/
/Anarchism/
/badeconomics/
/budtenders/
/FiftyFifty/
/mbti/
/mtf
/cdramas/
/nyjets/
/pureasoiaf/
/testoviron/
/spicypillows/
/Denve
/StarWarsCantina/
Update as of 1:30 PM US Eastern 6/8/2020
/science
/505Nerds/
/acturnips/
/ACTrade/
/ACVillage
/ACQ
/HogwartsWerewolves/
/AskEconomics/
/TURKS/
/egg_irl/
/blaulicht/
/AFD/
/Weltraum/
/Stormlight_Archive/
/brandonsanderson/
/Cosmere/
/Mistborn/
/MHOC/
/union/
/RedshirtsUnite/
/Judaism/
/DebateAnAtheist/
/FantasyPL/
/ASOUE/
/socialskills/
/Snowblowers/
/arabs/
/WormFanfic/
/cauldron/
/Barca/
/PeterExplainsTheJoke/
/carscirclejerk/
/begonias/
/antidiet/
/ultrachrist/
/thenewcoldwa
/PresidentialRaceMemes/
/NoahGundersen/
/bassnecta
/ColoradoAvalanche/
/LetsNotMeet/
/tattoo/
/MinusTheBea
/kansascity/
/FoodDiaries/
/belgium/
/belgiumgonewild/
/ik_ihe/
added as of 5:30 PM US Eastern June 9, 2020
/india
/AprilKnights
/dobro
/Ireland
/ptsd
/happyrelationships
/Utilitarianism
/wec
/USCR
/forza/
/portishead/
/azerbaijan
/talkingheads
/Umphreys
/ColdCaseUK
/ActiveMeasures
/skyrimrequiem
/freefolk
/Equestrian
/islam
/ColCraftOfficial/
/ElderGuardianRights/
/GenZ/
Added 10:00 AM US EDT 6/10/20
/BotanicalPorn
/WaterPorn
/SeaPorn
/SkyPorn
/FirePorn
/DesertPorn
/WinterPorn
/AutumnPorn
/WeatherPorn
/GeologyPorn
/SpacePorn
/BeachPorn
/MushroomPorn
/SpringPorn
/SummerPorn
/LavaPorn
/LakePorn
/CityPorn
/VillagePorn
/RuralPorn
/ArchitecturePorn
/HousePorn
/CabinPorn
/ChurchPorn
/AbandonedPorn
/CemeteryPorn
/InfrastructurePorn
/MachinePorn
/CarPorn
/F1Porn
/MotorcyclePorn
/MilitaryPorn
/GunPorn
/KnifePorn
/BoatPorn
/RidesPorn
/DestructionPorn
/ThingsCutInHalfPorn
/StarshipPorn
/ToolPorn
/TechnologyPorn
/BridgePorn
/SteamPorn
/RetailPorn
/SpaceFlightPorn
/roadporn
/drydockporn
/AnimalPorn
/HumanPorn
/EarthlingPorn
/AdrenalinePorn
/ClimbingPorn
/SportsPorn
/AgriculturePorn
/TeaPorn
/BonsaiPorn
/FoodPorn
/CulinaryPorn
/DessertPorn
/DesignPorn
/RoomPorn
/AlbumArtPorn
/MetalPorn
/MoviePosterPorn
/TelevisionPosterPorn
/ComicBookPorn
/StreetArtPorn
/AdPorn
/ArtPorn
/FractalPorn
/InstrumentPorn
/ExposurePorn
/MacroPorn
/MicroPorn
/GeekPorn
/MTGPorn
/GamerPorn
/PowerWashingPorn
/AerialPorn
/OrganizationPorn
/FashionPorn
/AVPorn
/ApocalypsePorn
/InfraredPorn
/ViewPorn
/HellscapePorn
/sculptureporn
/HistoryPorn
/UniformPorn
/BookPorn
/NewsPorn
/QuotesPorn
/FuturePorn
/FossilPorn
/MegalithPorn
/ArtefactPorn
/fuckpongkrell/
Deusex/
/80s/
/Enough_Sanders_Spam/
/YouFellForItFool/
/CanadaHunting/
/DogCare/
/Dogtraining/
/comicbooks/
/theflash/
/Bikeporn/
/cycling/
/cyberpunk_stories
/iiiiiiitttttttttttt/
/DystopiaToday/
/AreTheStraightsOK/
/clevelandcavs/
/AmItheAsshole/
/LiverpoolFC/
/DissociaDID/
/TripCaves/
/Wholesomecringe/
/blackfishing/
/scioly/
/doodles/
/ICanDrawThat/
/Welding/
/NintendoSwitch/
/socialism
/ElectricForest/
/GaySoundsShitposts/
/writing/
/femalefashionadvice/
/asianamerican/
/zelda
/KingdomDeath/
/criminalminds/
added 9:00 AM US Eastern 6/9/2020
/SkincareAddiction/
/trees/
/startups/
/Norway/
/Entrepreneurs/
/GooglePixel/
/TaylorSwift/
/namenerds/
/selfservice/
/BalloonFetish/
/looners/
/walterlore/
/dogelore/
/Rowing/
/BrawlStarsCompetitive/
/RowingMemes/
/Eevee/
/pokemonmaxraids/
/RunnerHub/
/Roman_Catholics
/ihadastroke
/soccercirclejerk/
Latest added
/AsianBeauty/
/pokemon/
/BreadTube/
/AOC/
/Ilhan/
/LeftWithoutEdge/
/UniversityofChicago/
/ABraThatFits
/bulletjournal
/beatles
/the1975
/TheKillers
/MichaelJackson/
/mumfordandsons/
/AgeGap/
/AgeGapRelationship/
/whatintarnation/
/startrekgifs/
AdviceAnimals
wholesomememes
kirby
/actuallesbians
/TransyTalk
/TraaButOnlyBees
submitted by VisibleConfusion69 to copypasta [link] [comments]


2020.09.24 06:28 memesandcommunism LETTER TO REDDIT CEO

Open Letter to Steve Huffman and the Board of Directors of Reddit, Inc– If you believe in standing up to hate and supporting black lives, you need to act
Open Letter to Steve Huffman and the Board of Directors of Reddit, Inc – If you believe in standing up to hate and supporting black lives, you need to act
Dear Steve,
On June 1, you shared a letter on Reddit’s blog “Remember the Human – Black Lives Matter”. In this letter, you claim “as Snoos, we do not tolerate hate, racism, and violence, and while we have work to do to fight these on our platform, our values are clear.”
As of today, neither you nor any other Reddit admins have shared this letter anywhere on reddit.com. However, the response to this message was swift on Twitter, where you were rightfully labeled as hypocritical based on your long and well-recorded history of defending racism and white supremacy on this site.
Among the many responses was this message from former CEO of Reddit, Ellen Pao.
I am obligated to call you out: You should have shut down the_donald instead of amplifying it and its hate, racism, and violence. So much of what is happening now lies at your feet. You don't get to say BLM when reddit nurtures and monetizes white supremacy and hate all day long
Many others shared links and screenshots of your past statements saying “Open racism and slurs are fine to post on Reddit”.
The problem of Reddit’s leadership supporting and providing a platform for racist users and hateful communities has long been an issue. Nearly six years ago, dozens of subreddits signed the original open letter to the Reddit admins calling for action. While the Reddit admins acknowledged the letter and said it was a high priority to address this issue, extremely little has been done in the intervening years.
On June 5, you shared this update on /Announcements, Upcoming changes to our content policy, our board, and where we’re going from here. In the post, you stated that there is a need for continued adjustments of Reddit’s content policy to address racism and that this remains a priority. These continued statements that you hear us, that this is a priority, or that you are working on it are not enough. It has been five years since your return as CEO and this still remains Reddit’s most glaring problem.
Steve, if you and Reddit genuinely care about the values of standing up to racism and hate, then you need to back it up with real action. As moderators on this website who have dedicated countless hours to keeping this site running, we call on Reddit to take the following steps:
At /AgainstHateSubreddits, we have laid out the many failures of Steve time and again to stand up to white supremacy on this site time and time and time again.
With a website with the impact of Reddit on the broader conversations being held in communities around the world, this website needs real leadership and real action.
We hope that Reddit will not just share empty platitudes — but will take a meaningful stand against hate, and take these recommendations to heart.
This letter is co-signed by more than 200 300 350 430 550 650 800 communities representing well over 200 hundreds of millions of subscribers:
If your subreddit is not listed and would like to sign on, please leave a comment below
/AgainstHateSubreddits
/2cb/
/2mad4madlads
/3dsFCswap
/9M9H9E9/
/ABCDesis
/AbsoluteUnits
/AbyssRium/
/AccidentalBoobGrazes/
/AccidentalComedy
/AceAttorneyCirclejerk/
/ACNHGardening
/AfricanAmerican
/androiddev
/animalsbeingbros
/ANormalDayInAmerica/
/anormaldayinrussia
/AntifascistsofReddit/
/antifastonetoss
/arizona/
/arrow
/ArrowAndTheCanaries
/Art
/AsABlackMan
/Asexual/
/askaustin
/AskBibleScholars/
/AskHistorians
/AskMen
/AskMenOver30
/askphilosophy
/AskPhotography
/Asktransgender
/AskWomen
/askwomenadvice
/asoiaf
/atheism
/autism
/awwducational
/babybigcatgifs
/badUIbattles
/BAMEVoicesUK
/BatwomanTV
/BDS
/Beautevil/
/beautyguruchatter
/BestOfReports
/BethMidrash/
/BiggerThanYouThought
/biggerthenyouthought/
/BikiniBottomTwitter
/blackhair
/blackladies
/blacklesbians/
/BlackLightning
/blacklivesmatter
/blackmagicfuckery
/BlackPeopleGifs
/BlackPeopleTwitter
/Blerds
/bodegaboys
/books
/bootlegtoys/
/boottoobig/
/bostontrees
/brakebills
/BritishAirways
/brownbeauty
/BrownPeopleGifs
/BudgetExotics
/buycanadian
/California
/CallMeKevin
/cat
/catan
/CatInTheHatMemes
/Catslaps
/catswithdogs
/Charlotte
/cheese
/chicago
/Chonkers
/chvrches
/civbattleroyale/
/CK2GameOfthrones
/CocosClassics
/coldshowers
/ComedyBuddhism/
/Contrapoints
/copyright
/CoreCyberpunk/
/Corvids
/coys
/CPTSDmemes/
/CreateA/
/creepypms
/CrewsCrew
/cringe
/cringepics
/CritterFacts
/CrowBro
/Crystals/
/curlyhair
/cursedpipes
/Dachschaden
/dankmemes
/DarkJokes
/dataisbeautiful
/dating
/DatingHell/
/DCTV
/deals/
/DebateAVegan
/deerhunter
/democrats
/DenverProtests/
/DescriptionPlease
/didntknowiwantedthat
/digital_manipulation
/dixiequeer
/DIY
/DnDGreentext
/docproduction
/DogeMine
/DragRace_Canada
/DrawForMe/
/DynastyCW
/eagles
/elliegoulding
/EmulationOnAndroid
/entitledkids
/entitledparents
/entitledparentsmemes
/entitledpeople
/espressobin
/euphoria
/explainlikeimdog
/eyebleach
/facepalm
/fakealbumcovers
/Fantasy
/FastFood
/fatlogic
/Feminism
/Feminisme/
/feminisms
/femmesofdesoto
/FemmeThoughts
/Fitness
/fixtagram
/FlashTV
/Florida
/FloridaMan
/Food
/formula1
/fosterit
/foundthemobileuse
/FragileMaleRedditor
/FragileWhiteRedditor
/freecompliments
/FriendsofthePod
/ftm/
/FuckTheAltright
/gallifrey
/GamerGhazi/
/gaming
/gaming4gamers
/Gamingcirclejerk
/gaminggifs
/garlicbreadmemes
/gatekeeping
/GatekeepingYuri/
/gay
/geckos/
/GenderCynical/
/genderfluid_irl
/Girlsmirin
/GODZILLA
/goodseals
/GreenAndPleasant
/Gryffindor
/guitarlessons
/Gunners
/GunsAreCool
/Hair
/happy
/happycowgifs
/harrypotte
/Hasan_Pike
/Hindi/
/HipHopHeads
/hisdarkmaterials
/HisDarkMaterialsHBO
/HistamineIntolerance/
/HistoricalJesus/
/hitboxporn
/hockey
/HoldMyNip
/House
/Hufflepuff
/humansbeingbros
/humor
/iamatotalpieceofshit
/idontworkherelady
/im14andthisisdeep
/indianmuslims
/industrialengineering/
/insanepeoplefacebook
/instantkarma
/InternationalDev
/intersex
/ios13beta/
/IRLEasterEggs/
/isitbullshit
/jewellerymaking
/joebiden
/JohnCena/
/JUSTNOMIL
/JustNoSO
/Kashmiri
/KerbalSpaceProgram/
/KingkillerChronicle/
/kittens
/kpop
/kpoprants
/kpopthoughts
/LandlordLove
/leagueofmemes
/LeopardsAteMyFace
/Letterkenny
/LGBT
/LGBTnews
/LibDemMemes/
/librandu
/lifehacks
/LifeProTips
/London
/LosAngeles
/loseit/
/Louisville
/mademesmile
/madlads
/MakeMeSuffe
/MakeMoatsGreatAgain
/makeupaddiction
/malefashion
/malefashionadvice
/MarchAgainstNazis
/marchagainstrump
/marijuanaconcentrates
/MarkMyWords
/marvelsavengerproject
/mcdonalds
/MeditationPractice
/mediumformat/
/Menslib
/menwritingwomen
/mfa_irl
/mfacirclejerk
/Miami
/Michael
/Military
/mimirecipes
/minipainting/
/Minneapolis
/Minnesota
/MirrorForSale
/mississippi
/MLS
/ModelUSGov/
/MonstaX
/MUA3
/muacjdiscussion/
/Music
/MuslimMarriage
/NASCAR
/naturalhair
/NewOrleans
/NewPatriotism
/News
/Nextfuckinglevel
/NFL
/nicegirls
/NikeSB
/nj4nj
/NJmeetup
/NJr4r
/NMS_Zoology
/noburp
/NomSaying
/nonbinary
/nonmonogamy
/Nottheonion
/Nr2003
/nsfw_gifs
/NYCFC/
/NYCtrees
/Obama
/OCPoetry/
/OCPoetryCirclejerk/
/oddlymesmerizing
/Oddlyterrifying
/offmychest
/Offroad/
/OKState/
/Omaha
/OnGuardForThee
/orcas
/orlando
/Overseas_Pakistani
/PaidForWinRAR
/PanPorn
/paofacts
/partyparrot
/peoplefuckingdying
/Pete_Buttigieg/
/Phillylist
/philosophy
/phoenix/
/PlayingGuitar
/PledgeToImpeach
/PlusSizeFashion
/Poetry/
/poetry_critics
/popheads
/powerlifting
/pregnant
/progressive_islam
/progresspics/
/punchablefaces
/pupliftingnews
/queers
/racism
/rage
/rant
/rape
/rarepuppers
/ravenclaw
/ravens/
/RebelGalaxyOutlaw
/relationships
/relationship_advice
/rigtours/
/RoastMe
/roosterteeth/
/RPDR_UK
/ryangosling/
/rupaulsdragrace
/SandersForPresident
/ScienceFacts
/sciencegifs
/sciences
/Screenwriting
/self
/selfies
/sexpositive
/ShitRedditSays
/ShittyLifeProTips
/shittymoviedetails
/shouldercats
/Showerthoughts
/silhouWHAT
/skitswedditsager
/skyrimmods/
/skyrimvr
/slytherin
/soccer
/socialjustice
/software
/Solocampingandhiking
/spaghetti/
/SPLCenter
/SpoiledDragRace
/spotify/
/squaredcircle
/StargirlTV
/StayingAtHome
/streetwear
/Strongman
/supergirlTV
/SupermanAndLois
/survivor
/svihs/
/tangsoodo
/TerfsWritingTrans
/thanosdidnothingwrong
/thathappened
/thatsabooklight
/thatsthejoke
/TheArtifice
/theocho
/Tim
/timecrisis/
/ToiletPaperUSA
/traaaaaaannnnnnnnnns/
/trans
/TranscribersOfReddit
/transgender
/transgenderteens
/transpositive
/transspace
/transtimelines
/trashy
/TwinCities
/TwoXChromosomes
/Unexpected
/unitedkingdom
/unpopularkpopopinions
/unsentletters
/vaxxhappened
/vegancirclejerk
/VeganDE
/videos
/Volumeeating/
/voteBLUE
/voteDEM
/watchandlearn
/wearethemusicmakers
/weddingplanning/
/weightroom
/WeirdLit
/whiskey
/whitepeoplegifs
/wholesomeBPT
/wholesomecomics
/wholesomehaiku
/WitchesVsPatriarchy
/wnba
/women
/womenshealth
/WorldNews
/WWE/
/YesFap
/Yiddish/
/turtlefacts
Added as of 6:30 PM US Eastern, June 8, 2020
/EarthPorn
/assholedesign/
/DevUnion/
/ADHD/
/Swimming/
/OpenWaterSwimming/
/onionheadlines/
/dangerousdesign/
/behindthegifs/
/chelseafc/
/ITZY/
/straykids/
/red_velvet/
/GeschichtsMaimais/
/neoliberal/
/TrueCrime/
/TrueCrimeDiscussion/
/UnresolvedMysteries/
/serialkillers/
/DelphiMurders/
/RedditCrimeCommunity/
/nonmurdermysteries/
/mystery/
/FoxFiction/
/RepublicanValues/
/nasa/
/Breadit/
/HoustonF1/
/FairytaleasFuck/
/Instagramreality/
/Botchedsurgeries/
/Portland/
/freefolk/
/cheapguitarporn/
/Babylon5Gifs/
/Hijabis/
/Squidbillies/
/coronavirusAL/
/Aquariums/
/shittyaquariums/
/AquaSwap/
/Goldfish/
/Koi/
/AquariumMemes/
/MonsterFishKeepers/
/AquariumsTestSub/
/KnifeFish
/fishshaming/
/Awwquariums/
/Koi_Keepers/
/Bichirs/
/ContagiousLaughte
/AnarchoWave/
/Lima_Peru/
/Spiderman/
/MakingaMurdere
/TheQuibble
/Hogwarts
/ImSorryScout/
/UtahJazz/
/PublicFreakout/
/peloton/
/AmateurRoomPorn/
/RimWorldPorn/
/carolinekonstna
/breathwork/
/saltlakemetro/
/service_dogs/
/service_dogsofReddit/
/ShingekiNoKyojin/
/sounddesign/
/PromoteYourMusic/
/SpotifyPlaylists/
/musicproduction/
/WrestleWithThePackage/
/Austin/
/alcohol/
/RedditsMuseumofFilth/
/chickflixxx/
/Stellaris
/eu4
/paradoxplaza
/victoria2
/Imperator
/KillerQueen/
/TyrannyGame
/saltierthancrait
/kawoshin/
/SapphoAndHerFriend/
/falcons/
/anime_titties/
As of 1:00 PM US Eastern, June 9, 2020
/Jokes/
/skyrim/
/2meirl4meirl/
/MildlyVandalised/
/HolUp/
/Wreddit/
/SCJerk/
/cannabis/
/hearing/
/German/
/lfg/
/dndnext/
/BaldursGate3/
/SampleSize/
/FireEmblemHeroes/
/fireemblem/
/Splintercell/
/RadicalChristianity/
/RussiaLago/
/WormMemes/
/MHOC/
/GroupMovies/
/littlebritishcars/
/Iamnotracistbut/
/ClassicBabes/
/filk/
/ainbow/
/genderquee
/bisexual/
/PuppySmiles/
/lyftdrivers/
/beigeonly/
/Smithtown/
/boyslove/
/heat/
/Detroit/
/BodyAcceptance/
/ConspiracyII/
/ImpactWrestling/
/Splatoon_2/
/ARMS/
/Snek/
/Mario/
/casualnintendo/
/nintendo/
/cleanagers/
/TheMorningShow/
/borns/
/gwent/
/sleepnomore/
/Philippines/
/OneTrueGary/
/circlebroke2/
/circlebroke/
/SRDBroke/
/kflay/
/Musicthemetime/
/HouseChickens/
/poledancing/
/csharp/
/ESL_Teachers/
/GayTeensVerified
/PrincessesOfPowe
/collared/
/knitting/
/Adoption/
/Delaware/
/productivity/
/NewYorkIslanders/
/sewing/
/BlatantMisogyny/
/mendrawingwomen/
/legosaga/
/thewalkingdead/
/MuslimLounge/
/StressFreeSeason/
/ladybonersgonemild/
/wow/
/worldofpvp/
/Blizzard/
/woweconomy/
/ControlProblem/
/Cinemagraphs/
/angula
/Python/
/americandad/
/Anarchism/
/badeconomics/
/budtenders/
/FiftyFifty/
/mbti/
/mtf
/cdramas/
/nyjets/
/pureasoiaf/
/testoviron/
/spicypillows/
/Denve
/StarWarsCantina/
Update as of 1:30 PM US Eastern 6/8/2020
/science
/505Nerds/
/acturnips/
/ACTrade/
/ACVillage
/ACQ
/HogwartsWerewolves/
/AskEconomics/
/TURKS/
/egg_irl/
/blaulicht/
/AFD/
/Weltraum/
/Stormlight_Archive/
/brandonsanderson/
/Cosmere/
/Mistborn/
/MHOC/
/union/
/RedshirtsUnite/
/Judaism/
/DebateAnAtheist/
/FantasyPL/
/ASOUE/
/socialskills/
/Snowblowers/
/arabs/
/WormFanfic/
/cauldron/
/Barca/
/PeterExplainsTheJoke/
/carscirclejerk/
/begonias/
/antidiet/
/ultrachrist/
/thenewcoldwa
/PresidentialRaceMemes/
/NoahGundersen/
/bassnecta
/ColoradoAvalanche/
/LetsNotMeet/
/tattoo/
/MinusTheBea
/kansascity/
/FoodDiaries/
/belgium/
/belgiumgonewild/
/ik_ihe/
added as of 5:30 PM US Eastern June 9, 2020
/india
/AprilKnights
/dobro
/Ireland
/ptsd
/happyrelationships
/Utilitarianism
/wec
/USCR
/forza/
/portishead/
/azerbaijan
/talkingheads
/Umphreys
/ColdCaseUK
/ActiveMeasures
/skyrimrequiem
/freefolk
/Equestrian
/islam
/ColCraftOfficial/
/ElderGuardianRights/
/GenZ/
Added 10:00 AM US EDT 6/10/20
/BotanicalPorn
/WaterPorn
/SeaPorn
/SkyPorn
/FirePorn
/DesertPorn
/WinterPorn
/AutumnPorn
/WeatherPorn
/GeologyPorn
/SpacePorn
/BeachPorn
/MushroomPorn
/SpringPorn
/SummerPorn
/LavaPorn
/LakePorn
/CityPorn
/VillagePorn
/RuralPorn
/ArchitecturePorn
/HousePorn
/CabinPorn
/ChurchPorn
/AbandonedPorn
/CemeteryPorn
/InfrastructurePorn
/MachinePorn
/CarPorn
/F1Porn
/MotorcyclePorn
/MilitaryPorn
/GunPorn
/KnifePorn
/BoatPorn
/RidesPorn
/DestructionPorn
/ThingsCutInHalfPorn
/StarshipPorn
/ToolPorn
/TechnologyPorn
/BridgePorn
/SteamPorn
/RetailPorn
/SpaceFlightPorn
/roadporn
/drydockporn
/AnimalPorn
/HumanPorn
/EarthlingPorn
/AdrenalinePorn
/ClimbingPorn
/SportsPorn
/AgriculturePorn
/TeaPorn
/BonsaiPorn
/FoodPorn
/CulinaryPorn
/DessertPorn
/DesignPorn
/RoomPorn
/AlbumArtPorn
/MetalPorn
/MoviePosterPorn
/TelevisionPosterPorn
/ComicBookPorn
/StreetArtPorn
/AdPorn
/ArtPorn
/FractalPorn
/InstrumentPorn
/ExposurePorn
/MacroPorn
/MicroPorn
/GeekPorn
/MTGPorn
/GamerPorn
/PowerWashingPorn
/AerialPorn
/OrganizationPorn
/FashionPorn
/AVPorn
/ApocalypsePorn
/InfraredPorn
/ViewPorn
/HellscapePorn
/sculptureporn
/HistoryPorn
/UniformPorn
/BookPorn
/NewsPorn
/QuotesPorn
/FuturePorn
/FossilPorn
/MegalithPorn
/ArtefactPorn
/fuckpongkrell/
Deusex/
/80s/
/Enough_Sanders_Spam/
/YouFellForItFool/
/CanadaHunting/
/DogCare/
/Dogtraining/
/comicbooks/
/theflash/
/Bikeporn/
/cycling/
/cyberpunk_stories
/iiiiiiitttttttttttt/
/DystopiaToday/
/AreTheStraightsOK/
/clevelandcavs/
/AmItheAsshole/
/LiverpoolFC/
/DissociaDID/
/TripCaves/
/Wholesomecringe/
/blackfishing/
/scioly/
/doodles/
/ICanDrawThat/
/Welding/
/NintendoSwitch/
/socialism
/ElectricForest/
/GaySoundsShitposts/
/writing/
/femalefashionadvice/
/asianamerican/
/zelda
/KingdomDeath/
/criminalminds/
added 9:00 AM US Eastern 6/9/2020
/SkincareAddiction/
/trees/
/startups/
/Norway/
/Entrepreneurs/
/GooglePixel/
/TaylorSwift/
/namenerds/
/selfservice/
/BalloonFetish/
/looners/
/walterlore/
/dogelore/
/Rowing/
/BrawlStarsCompetitive/
/RowingMemes/
/Eevee/
/pokemonmaxraids/
/RunnerHub/
/Roman_Catholics
/ihadastroke
/soccercirclejerk/
Latest added
/AsianBeauty/
/pokemon/
/BreadTube/
/AOC/
/Ilhan/
/LeftWithoutEdge/
/UniversityofChicago/
/ABraThatFits
/bulletjournal
/beatles
/the1975
/TheKillers
/MichaelJackson/
/mumfordandsons/
/AgeGap/
/AgeGapRelationship/
/whatintarnation/
/startrekgifs/
AdviceAnimals
wholesomememes
kirby
/actuallesbians
/TransyTalk
/TraaButOnlyBees
submitted by memesandcommunism to copypasta [link] [comments]


2020.09.11 00:24 TheRazorX ...in which civilian oversight is now a bad thing "Cause Trump"

I rarely post essays.
As someone who's lived in other parts of the world, I've been watching events unfold with a severe dread that surpasses Trump's worst desires (or projected desires).
The thing I fear, is not Trump "winning, it's not Biden "Winning", it's not even directly related to the election itself, rather it's summarized in Friedrich Nietzsche's famous quote;
He who fights with monsters should look to it that he himself does not become a monster. And if you gaze long into an abyss, the abyss also gazes into you.
This quote while widespread is often ignored or dismissed as a side point, however I've long since come to the conclusion that the intense polarization is intended as a feature not a bug, and Trump is just merely a tool in the plan that has been underway for decades.
We've reached the point where BOTH Republicans AND Democrats (speaking of actual regular voters, not politicians or bots, or those minorities on either side that were already "extremists");
Myself and thousands of others that have traveled or lived in "less free" parts of the world have constantly warned of the similarities of the "But Trump" Boogeyman strategy, and of the dangers of this strategy coming to fruition, people from those regions have spoken the warnings clearly in English and of course we're ridiculed attacked and most importantly ignored.. Because "it can't happen here". Furthermore, the truth is, we've seen many "Trumps" before in recent times.
Anyone that has ever looked at any "Authoritarian" country, recognizes a very simple fact; People enable and allow said tyranny. Consent of the Governed is in fact given to both Democratic leaders and Authoritarian leaders.
In each and every one of these countries, no matter how despicable their leaders, they always manage to find support out of a fear of one or many "Boogeymen". In MENA, the holy trinity of Boogeymen is; The USA, Israel, The Muslim Brotherhood. And depending on which part of MENA, either Iran/Saudi.
Anything and everything wrong with the country, is the fault of one of those Boogeymen, and as a result quite a few people will hate their leaders openly, know they're corrupt thieves, murderers, pedophiles...etc but still back them because at least they're "protecting us from X". They'll be outraged at whatever crime the regime commits against the people, but willingly eat up the pro-regime propaganda because "They were trouble makers that deserved it" or "They were agents of Israel/USA" or "This is a plot by Israel/USA/Iran/Saudi"..etc. The list goes on and on and on. So much so that a common "twisting" of Karl Marx's adage on religion is "Israel is the Opiate of the Arabs", a concept naturally twisted by pro-Israel parties to deflect away from Israel's actual crimes, using typical "Whataboutism"
Sound familiar?
There's no doubt those "Boogeymen" are scary and regularly commit crimes. But the fact that someone commits crimes, has never ever meant that others have not themselves committed crimes. But they want you to think that, or even worse, they want the crimes of said Boogeymen to excuse the crimes of those in their own tribes.
There's a very real reason the astroturfing efforts are focused on "So you want Trump to win?" and "So you're voting for Trump?" type messages when trying to "convince" voters to back Biden that are skeptical. So much so, they haven't even bothered to pretend otherwise. They want binary.
There's a very very VERY good reason that Bernie said we need a global progressive front, and that Yanis Varoufakis agreed., What we're seeing happen in the USA, we saw before in multiple countries. They understand that with corporate authoritarian power going multinational and coordinating on an international basis, we need an international front to fight it, and not just focus on "local" stuff, because as I'm trying to point out, you end up seeing the same tactics happen elsewhere because even those that bother to pay cursory attention think or say "it can't happen here", or more importantly, even if they do understand the possibility of it "happening here" only see it in the light of tribalism, where only "The other" is willing or capable to bring it to fruition.
We're now at the point where civilian oversight of an election is considered a "bad thing" by "Liberals", "cause Drumpf", this isn't the first (or even last) time I've heard something similar. For example, it's anecdotal, but a friend reported once that during a conversation, a very liberal and otherwise "normal" but very "Dem" co-worker mentioned that she found it "extremely creepy" that a Bernie supporter was video taping her counting votes at a precinct in 2016 when she was a volunteer poll worker. She obviously wasn't a Bernie fan.

That is the bigger threat, that is the bigger "goal" that you can easily trace going back to 1971 or even 1933. This is the culmination of everything, including Trump and the Pied Piper strategy (A strategy they continue to repeat even though we've already seen and felt the real results of it on actual people, specifically the most disadvantaged); To effectively and gradually "guide" the populace into accepting tyranny and fascism, either out of exploiting their fears, or out of giving them a sense of self righteousness in which suppressing "the other" is for a "righteous cause" or "the greater good". They've slowly convinced a large group of people across political ideologies that "Stability is more important than Freedom", Something we've seen said before by Trump's "Favorite Dictator", causing a perception shift here in the USA that we're seeing happen in real time., largely mirroring the sentiment in "non-free" countries

You're either with us, or against us is now the rallying cry across the board.. one we've heard before even here in the USA, a message that when last we heard it, it was used to justify one of the worst crimes of the modern era
The intense polarization of America along acceptance of authoritarian tolerance is a feature, not a bug. To quote the pinned tweet of one of the aforementioned accounts;
“The junk merchant doesn't sell his product to the consumer, he sells the consumer to his product. He does not improve and simplify his merchandise. He degrades and simplifies the client.”
~William S. Burroughs, Naked Lunch
Multiple studies from reputable sources have sounded the alarm that faith in democracy is fading fast, but once again, no one is listening, even when "Liberal" favorites talk about it.
To give you an example of what I mean, folks wanting the government to "verify" news (to combat fake news), completely forget (or intentionally omit) the fact that the very same laws they're recommending have already been implemented in multiple countries and only benefit the ruling regime, who use them as just another tool to silence dissident. Furthermore, there are other methods of combating disinformation that don't erode civil liberties., but we rarely hear about them in public discourse, the choice we're always given is "Give up this right, or suffer the consequences".
And a crucial but (intentionally?) overlooked fact on the free-speech debate, starts cutting through all the fog;
“Constitutional protection should be accorded only to speech that is explicitly political,” he wrote. “There is no basis for judicial intervention to protect any other form of expression, be it scientific, literary or that variety of expression we call obscene or pornographic.”
But a transformative ruling by the Supreme Court five years later began to change that thinking. The case, a challenge to a state law that banned advertising the prices of prescription drugs, was filed by Public Citizen, a consumer rights group founded by Ralph Nader. The group argued that the law hurt consumers, and helped persuade the court, in Virginia State Board of Pharmacy v. Virginia Citizens Consumer Council, to protect advertising and other commercial speech.
The only dissent in the decision came from Justice William H. Rehnquist, the court’s most conservative member.
Kathleen M. Sullivan, a former dean of Stanford Law School, wrote that it did not take long for corporations to see the opportunities presented by the decision.
“While the case was litigated by consumer protection advocates,” she wrote in the Harvard Law Review, “corporate speakers soon became the principal beneficiaries of subsequent rulings that, for example, struck down restrictions on including alcohol content on beer can labels, limitations on outdoor tobacco advertising near schools and rules governing how compounded drugs may be advertised.”
That trend has continued, with businesses mounting First Amendment challenges to gun control laws, securities regulations, country-of-origin labels, graphic cigarette warnings and limits on off-label drug marketing.
“I was a bit queasy about it because I had the sense that we were unleashing something, but nowhere near what happened,” Mr. Nader said. “It was one of the biggest boomerangs in judicial cases ever.”
“I couldn’t be Merlin,” he added. “We never thought the judiciary would be as conservative or corporate. This was an expansion that was not preordained by doctrine. It was preordained by the political philosophies of judges.”
Not all of the liberal scholars and lawyers who helped create modern First Amendment law are disappointed. Martin Redish, a law professor at Northwestern University, who wrote a seminal 1971 article proposing First Amendment protection for commercial speech, said he was pleased with the Roberts court’s decisions.
“Its most important contributions are in the commercial speech and corporate speech areas,” he said. “It’s a workmanlike, common sense approach.”
Liberals also played a key role in creating modern campaign finance law in Buckley v. Valeo, the 1976 decision that struck down limits on political spending by individuals and was the basis for Citizens United, the 2010 decision that did away with similar limits for corporations and unions.
One plaintiff was Senator Eugene J. McCarthy, Democrat of Minnesota, who had challenged President Lyndon B. Johnson in the 1968 presidential primaries — from the left. Another was the American Civil Liberties Union’s New York affiliate.
Professor Neuborne, a former A.C.L.U. lawyer, said he now regrets the role he played in winning the case. “I signed the brief in Buckley,” he said. “I’m going to spend long amounts of time in purgatory.”
To Professor Seidman, cases like these were part of what he describes as a right-wing takeover of the First Amendment since the liberal victories in the years Chief Justice Earl Warren led the Supreme Court.
“With the receding of Warren court liberalism, free-speech law took a sharp right turn,” Professor Seidman wrote in a new article to be published in the Columbia Law Review. “Instead of providing a shield for the powerless, the First Amendment became a sword used by people at the apex of the American hierarchy of power. Among its victims: proponents of campaign finance reform, opponents of cigarette addiction, the L.B.G.T.Q. community, labor unions, animal rights advocates, environmentalists, targets of hate speech and abortion providers.
Yet, almost all the discourse in free speech debates/"Cancel culture" is focused on anything EXCEPT the corporate aspect, and naturally ignores the only groups actually and truly at a disadvantage.. Joy Ann Reid's was never "cancelled" for her Islamophobia, bigotry, racism, antisemitism...etc , but was rather rewarded with a prime time show, and many of the same "liberals" applaud her regularly.
And obviously on the Right, none of them are "Cancelled" for any obvious transgressions.
It starts getting clearer when you realize what types of people are "agreeing" with each other on the subject, and who certain folks decided to target
All that paints a very clear picture; Only your rights should be revoked. "We" should be given a pass.
Side note; I also find it interesting how many twisted abuses can be traced back to the corporate response to Nader's (at the time) very effective citizen activism.. That was the pivotal moment. Which makes it all the easier to see how they so effectively managed to turn him into a pariah.
On a related note, Information warfare has been predicted to be the new major war front at least as far back as 1996, so this isn't something they just started thinking about in 2016, contrary to popular perception. Hell, an extremely popular anime talked of it in the early 2000s, and fictionally exhibited things we see in reality today.
Even Bin Laden, the infamous terrorist, understood the ramifications, and considered it a primary tenant of his "Death by a thousand cuts" strategy, although he was primary focused on inflicting economic harm.
And "we" walked right into it willingly. Why? Well perhaps this next quote will shed some light;
Richard Shultz, a professor of international politics at Tufts who’s long been a key national security state intellectual, wrote in 2004 that “A very senior [Special Operations Forces] officer who had served on the Joint Staff in the 1990s told me that more than once he heard terrorist strikes characterized as ‘a small price to pay for being a superpower.’
Again, the missed subtext is clear; Human lives lost in terrorism attacks (and increased radicalization due to US actions leading to more potential terrorist attacks) are a cheap price for global (and more importantly economic) dominance. By extension, one can assume that human lives lost to other corporate goals are also considered a "cheap cost".

This is NOT ok.

Speaking of radicalization and Al-Qaeda....
What did the founding fathers (that conservatives love to reference) think of stuff like this?
Abraham Lincoln warned in February 15, 1848, of the dangers of "Only I see and understand the danger, only I can protect you" type politics.
Allow the President to invade a neighboring nation whenever he shall deem it necessary to repel an invasion, and you allow him to do so whenever he may choose to say he deems it necessary for such purpose, and you allow him to make war at pleasure. Study to see if you can fix any limit to his power in this respect, after having given him so much as you propose. If to-day he should choose to say he thinks it necessary to invade Canada to prevent the British from invading us, how could you stop him? You may say to him,—”I see no probability of the British invading us”; but he will say to you, “Be silent: I see it, if you don’t.”
The provision of the Constitution giving the war making power to Congress was dictated, as I understand it, by the following reasons: kings had always been involving and impoverishing their people in wars, pretending generally, if not always, that the good of the people was the object. This our convention understood to be the most oppressive of all kingly oppressions, and they resolved to so frame the Constitution that no one man should hold the power of bringing this oppression upon us. But your view destroys the whole matter, and places our President where kings have always stood. Write soon again.
James Madison on Friday, February 8th, 1788 warned;
But the great security against a gradual concentration of the several powers in the same department, consists in giving to those who administer each department the necessary constitutional means and personal motives to resist encroachments of the others. The provision for defense must in this, as in all other cases, be made commensurate to the danger of attack. Ambition must be made to counteract ambition. The interest of the man must be connected with the constitutional rights of the place. It may be a reflection on human nature, that such devices should be necessary to control the abuses of government. But what is government itself, but the greatest of all reflections on human nature? If men were angels, no government would be necessary. If angels were to govern men, neither external nor internal controls on government would be necessary. In framing a government which is to be administered by men over men, the great difficulty lies in this: you must first enable the government to control the governed; and in the next place oblige it to control itself. A dependence on the people is, no doubt, the primary control on the government; but experience has taught mankind the necessity of auxiliary precautions.
What's often missed, is the subtext of Madison's warning, and central to the thesis of this essay, clarifies that yes, Government is supposed to represent the will of the people (or what they're willing to tolerate), but what happens when "the people" are "guided" to a particular view? Why is propaganda so prevalent and effective? Why do we reject the very clear evidence and science that entire populations can in fact be "rewired" to a particular view?
In other words, combining the warnings of Nietzsche, Lincoln and Madison's warning leads to the conclusion that yes, if "properly guided" the people can be taught to "yearn for a king", something which again, we've seen happen in practice across the world.
In closing, while none of this information is new but we're reaching the apex of a long arc, and if you've read this and thought one or more of;
Then you're exactly part of the problem I'm warning of. I'm not saying vote for Trump, I'm not saying vote for Biden. I'm not saying to vote at all, or that voting actually has much to do with it in the first place.
I'm pointing out a very simple fact expressed once by Benjamin Franklin, and even though the context was endlessly butchered, the real context makes it far more relevant;
In January 1775 Benjamin Franklin (1796-1790) was part of an American delegation sent to Britain in an attempt to resolve the outstanding disagreements between the Crown and the colonies. Seventeen points were up for discussion of which several were rejected outright by the Crown while others were rejected by the colonies. Franklin’s comments regarding the last two points produced one of his most famous sayings from the period:
As to the other two acts, (i.e. 16. The American admiralty courts reduced to the same powers they have in England, and the acts establishing them to be reënacted in America; and 17. All powers of internal legislation in the colonies to be disclaimed by Parliament) the Massachusetts (sic) must suffer all the hazards and mischiefs of war rather than admit the alteration of their charters and laws by Parliament. ‘They who can give up essential liberty to obtain a little temporary safety, deserve neither liberty nor safety.’
The context explained in the analysis makes it ever more clear;
It is interesting to see where the main lines of disagreement lay between the colonists' delegation to London and the Crown in early 1775 which one would think would have been the last opportunity at some kind of reconciliation before independence was declared and war broke out. The sticking points for the Crown were the 8th, 11th, and 17th Articles which were declared to be “inadmissible” or were “refused absolutely”: “8. No troops to enter and quarter in any colony, but with the consent of its legislature. 11. The late Massachusetts and Quebec Acts to be repealed, and a free government granted to Canada. 17. All powers of internal legislation in the colonies to be disclaimed by Parliament.” The payment of back taxes might be negotiable but when it came to the stationing of troops or placing limits on the power of Parliament over colonial legislatures no compromise was possible without giving up political power. Franklin’s remarks about the trade offs between “essential liberty” and “a little temporary safety” seem to have been directed at those in the colonies who could see that further compromise was no longer possible by the Crown and that it was up to the colonies to cave in in order to maintain the peace. Franklin was urging them that to do this would be to give up the entire game and thereby scuttle any chance for real liberty and independence in the colonies.

The king is dead, long live the king.

TL;DR : Shit is fucked. Read it.
submitted by TheRazorX to WayOfTheBern [link] [comments]


2020.09.09 23:36 lamyea01 Proof that the Prophet PBUH did split the moon

Salam,
I have been wanting to make this post for a long time.
I saw a muslim sibling on reddit discussing with a non-muslim regarding the splitting of the moon. The non-muslim said that we muslims have no evidence nor historical records of the moon splitting and our muslim sibling replied with saying that we muslims don't truly believe that the moon was split, we believe that it is metaphorical and not literal.
I do not blame them, as they may not have come across substantial proof in order to refute the non-muslim.
For this reason, I wanted to show fellow muslims the top 4 (of what I call) evidence that the moon was split by the Prophet. But before that, context:
How did the Miracle of the Splitting of the Moon occur?
The miracle of the splitting of the moon occurred before the migration to Medina (2) upon the demands of the polytheists with the permission of God and it was shown by the prophet Muhammad (PBUH) as narrated by many companions like Anas b. Malik (3), Hz. Ali, Huzayfa b. Yaman (4), Abdullah b. Mas’ud (5), Abdullah b. Abbas (6), Abdullah b. Umar (7), Abdullah b. Amr b. As (8), Jubayr b. Mut’im (9) (May Allah be pleased with all of them). (10)
Among Quraish polytheists, Walid b. Mughira, Abu Jahl. As b. Wail, As b. Hisham, Aswad b. Abdi Yaghus, Aswad b. Muttalib, Zama b. Aswad, Nadr b. Harith and others (11) said to the prophet Muhammad (PBUH):
“If you truly are a Prophet that has been appointed by Allah, then split the moon in half. Let it be in such a way that one half will appear over the Mount Abu Qubais and the other half will be seen over Mount Quayqian.”
The prophet Muhammad (PBUH) asked: “If I do it, will you become Muslims?”
The polytheists answered: “Yes, we will.”
On the 14th night, when it was full moon, the prophet Muhammad (PBUH) wanted Almighty Allah to give him the miracle which the polytheists demanded from him. (12)
When the Gabriel (AS) informed the prophet Muhammad (PBUH) that God had accepted his prayer, he announced it to the Meccans. The polytheists witnessed the splitting of the moon on the 14th night. (13)
When Almighty God let the moon split in half, one half standing over Mount Abu Qubais and the other half over Mount Quayqian, the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) shouted at Muslims:
“O Abu Salama b. Abdulasad! Arqam b. Abi’l Erqam! Bear witness! (14)
And to the polytheists, he said, “Bear witness! So and so! (15)
However, the polytheists said “This is one of the spells of Abu Kabsha’s Son.” (16) “The son of Abu Kabsha cast a spell on you!” (17) They said “Muhammad cast a spell on us!” (18)
Some of them also said:
“If Muhammad had cast a spell on us then (19), He couldn’t have cast a spell on everyone! (20) Let us ask the wayfarers who came from the surrounding areas (21) if they saw what we saw.” (21)
They asked the people who came from every everywhere. (22-23)
“Yes! We also did see the moon in that state! We saw the moon as split! They informed that the moon was split. Among the people who came from everywhere and seen the moon split, there was no one who had not informed them about it. (24)
However, the polytheists rejected to be Muslims and to believe by saying: “This is a prevalent magic!” (25), they said “Abu Talib’s orphan affected the sky with his spell!” (26).
https://questionsonislam.com/article/miracle-splitting-moon-0
Now onto the proofs
Proof no.4: NASA
This is one of my evidence but it does have its criticisms hence it is my no.4 evidence. Brothers and sisters I highly recommend you see through this sideshow as the evidence by NASA has a lot of information that I cannot do it justice by writing it in this post: https://www.slideshare.net/mobile/huseinmhanna/did-prophet-muhammad-split-the-moon
https://youtu.be/fuoqAQM-WDE
https://youtu.be/xzsNyBbVfqY
According to muslim researchers, there are proofs of the splitting of the moon in pictures of the moon taken by NASA's missions.
After Apollo mission photographs were published of Rima Ariadaeus, the 300 km-long rift line on the surface of the Moon,[16] it was suggested by Muslims on some internet sites that this was result of the splitting mentioned in the Quran.
The surface of the moon is replete with long channels or grooves that continue to create unsolved puzzles and contradictions for geologists. Every traditional theory, when tested against photographic evidence, has failed. Planetary scientists often say that it was formed by molten lava and they draw comparisons to lava channels in Hawaii. But the differences between the two are so profound as to render such comparisons meaningless.
Rima Ariadaeus is the rille that is usually referred to as the scar of the split that happened as a miracle of the Prophet PBUH, show clearly that it's a relatively small scar on the face of the moon and doesn't extend across the length of the moon as one would expect.
In 2010, NASA scientist Brad Bailey was asked about this and replied "My recommendation is to not believe everything you read on the internet. Peer-reviewed papers are the only scientifically valid sources of information out there. No current scientific evidence reports that the Moon was split into two (or more) parts and then reassembled at any point in the past."
Does this mean the split never happen? Does that disprove the miracle?
Even though the pictures can not be used as a strong evidence of the miracle that happened in the 7th century A.D. yet there's still no conclusive explanation to the origins of the structures in question.
Proof no.3: Authenticated Hadiths
Abdullah ibn Mas’ud reported: The moon split when we were with the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, and it became two separate pieces. The Prophet said to us, “Bear witness. Bear witness.”
In another narration, Ibn Mas’ud said, “A piece was behind the mountain and another piece was below it.” Source: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī 4584, Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 2800 Grade: Muttafaqun Alayhi (authenticity agreed upon) according to Al-Bukhari and Muslim عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ مَسْعُودٍ قَالَ انْشَقَّ الْقَمَرُ وَنَحْنُ مَعَ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ فَصَارَ فِرْقَتَيْنِ فَقَالَ لَنَا اشْهَدُوا اشْهَدُوا وفي رواية أخرى قال ابن مسعود فَكَانَتْ فِلْقَةٌ وَرَاءَ الْجَبَلِ وَفِلْقَةٌ دُونَهُ 4584 صحيح البخاري كتاب تفسير القرآن سورة اقتربت الساعة باب وانشق القمر وإن يروا آية يعرضوا 2800 صحيح مسلم كتاب صفة القيامة والجنة والنار باب انشقاق القمر
https://abuaminaelias.com/dailyhadithonline/2019/07/14/bear-witness-moon-split/
Muttafaqun Alayi: When the Hadith Masters use this term, it means that the Hadith in question is found in both books; Sahih Bukhari & Sahih Muslim, on the authority of the same Sahabi (radiyallahu’anhu) even if there exists variation in the wording.
Authenticated hadiths are a good historical record as Al-Bukhari used rigorous means to verify and authenticate the hadiths. To us muslims, these are substantial pieces of record that prove the event of the moon splitting.
Proof no.2: Other historical records
The Mayans recorded the miracle!
https://web.archive.org/web/20111028081146/http://www.mayalords.org/restfldpersia.html
At the top of page 139 in the 1997 Maya Hieroglyphic Forum, the dot and bar numbers have been inserted as corrections for the tops of the other columns (missing in V and K's works). On the basis of the number sequences, the date of the first (and, what I am surmising, was the original change) is 9.9.9.16.0 or the Gregorian date of 9 February 623 (the Julian date calculated the 6th of February, that same year).
But, if one reads the Rabbit and the Mirror, one will see, that not only was the rabbit a new addition to the home of the moon goddess, but also the cosmic tree (probably the Milky Way) was new. Being held up to the mirror, the rabbit is shown where it was then (now) located, not how it was born. In agreement with that statement is vase K2772. It shows the same three women as in the so-called birth scene, but instead of a pregnant woman with two midwives, it shows that the palace of the moon is being shaken by a quake, indicated by the same "question mark" curls found in the ears of the split-faced moon rabbit and identified by Eric Thompson as a symbol of the Moon Goddess glyphs. This "quake" or catastrophe is well recorded world-wide, even in Peru as the Rebellion of the Artifacts.The rabbit arrives later to view, in the mirror, the new star arrangement of the skies
The rabbit replaced the monkey (possibly the old north star?) As the records of time and became a very important figure with the same split face of the moon, with a the same question mark curl in each ear. And later (K1491) where the rabbit waits for the monkey to finish his final work.
Indians saw the miracle too!
Of interest in relation to the moon splitting an Indian historical manuscript (India Office Library, London, manuscript #2807/152-173), which says that this incident was observed by the Indian king of Malibar, Chakrawati Farmas- was the starting point of Islam spreading to India. It was also mentioned in the book "Muhammad Rasulullah," by M. Hamidullah.
On a moon-lit night the Indian King Chakrawati, while walking on the rooftop of his palace along with the queen saw the moon suddenly splitting into two halves. Later he came to know through Arab traders that a prophet called Muhammad PBUH had wrought a miracle on that fateful night and sundered the moon before the crowd of dazed spectators.
Learning on inquiry that there was a prediction of the coming if a Messenger of God from Arabia, he appointed his son as regent and set out to meet him. He embraced Islam at the hand of the Prophet.
The king died on his way back to India but wrote letters to the local rulers of Malabar to "help construct mosques at Kodungallur and elsewhere". The rulers of Kerala honoured his wishes and built mosques in the early 7th century, one of them being Cheraman Malik Masjid at Kodungallur, said to be one of the oldest in the sub-continent.
Travellers from Syria and Yemen also witnessed the splitting of the moon that night!
Narrated by Anas ibn Malik (Al-Bukhari)
"The Makkan people requested Allah's messenger to show them a miracle, and so he showed them the splitting of the moon.
At this point, some of the wise men explained that magic could only affect the attendees whereas it cannot maintain influence on everybody in general. They waited for travellers who were coming back from their journeys. The pagans hurried up to the borders of Mecca in anticipation to meet the travellers.
When the first arrivals appeared, they asked them did you see anything extraordinary happened to the moon?
The travellers answered 'yes, on one night we saw the moon splitting into two parts which remained asunder for some time then reattached.'
Upon this statement, a number of the group believed while the rest remained pagans.
But I have heard people say, especially ex-muslims, "this is hocus pocus, if Muhammad PBUH did split the moon, then why didnt the Europeans record it? After all, the Roman empire was still around. It's hard to believe that if the moon was split, why more people wouldn't record such phenomena"
This is easily explained with this case study:
At the beginning of the 20th century, people lived with the well-established idea of a static universe where the motion of stars never varies. This is probably due to Aristotle's teachings, stating that the sky is immutable, unlike Earth, which is perishable. This idea caused a historical anomaly:
in 1054, the Chinese noticed the appearance of new light in the sky, but no European document mentions it!
Yet it could be seen in full daylight and lasted for several weeks.
It was a supernova, that is, a dying star, the remnants of which can still be seen as the Crab Nebula. Predominant thought in Europe prevented people from accepting a phenomenon that so utterly contradicted the idea of an unchanging sky. A supernova is a very rare event, which can only be observed by the naked eye once a century. The most recent one dates back to 1987. So Aristotle was almost right in thinking that the sky was unchanging - on the scale of a human life at least.
This article can be found here: https://theconversation.com/einsteins-two-mistakes-139003
If the Europeans were unwilling to document a supernova in 1054, what makes you think they would be even more willing to document in the 7th century?
Subhan'Allah, we are now at our last proof of the splitting of the moon:
Proof no.1: The Qur'an
Almighty God mentions this miracle in the chapter of al-Qamar 1-5 as follows:
“The hour (of Judgment) is nigh, and The moon is cleft asunder.
But if they see a Sign, they turn away, and say "This is (but) transient magic."
They reject (the warning) and follow their (own) lusts but every matter has its appointed time.
There have already come to them Recitals wherein there is (enough) to check (them),
Mature wisdom― but (the preaching of) Warners profits them not.” (27)
How does this show that the miracle occurred?
Well, the Quran is telling us the the Prophet split the moon, but the disbelievers said that it was magic.
Remember, this verse wasn't preached once, recorded and never preached again. The Prophet repeatedly preached this exact verse to his followers and the non-muslims for decades. The non-muslims never refuted this verse!
The people that aren't even muslims, the paganists, NEVER SAID THAT THE MOON WASN'T SPLIT!!!!!
Even Al-Tabari, the one who wrote down whatever rumour he heard, the one who wrote down about the rumours of the Satanic Verses, NEVER wrote down anywhere that the pagans did not see the moon split.
The pagans saw the moon split and said "oh, it's just MAGIC!"
Never did they say "huh? A split moon? Never occured. Fake news"
Subhan'Allah, the biggest proof of the moon splitting isn't even from the muslims, but the non-muslims. They are the ones who authenticated the verse by claiming Allah did not allow Muhammad PBUH to split the moon, Muhammad PBUH performed magic! They are the witnesses of the miracles!
Allahu Akbar! The Qur'an is the biggest miracle and historical record we have of the moon splitting!
The Holy Quran is a miracle by itself, and a book full of all sorts of miracles. We as muslims should wholeheartedly have faith in the Quran and not attempt to explain scientific miracles of the Quran in a way that does harm the credibility of the holy book.
There is no need to exaggerate certain evidences to make them fit some facts mentioned in the Quran.
Until recently, a lot of the scientific facts in the Quran were in contradiction with the scientific theories at the time. Yet this never meant that the science is right and the Quran was wrong.
In many cases, new discoveries proved the old theories wrong and the Quran right (like the expansion of the universe for example.)
In other cases, our interpretation of the Quranic verses was wrong.
Either way, as a Muslim, the Quran's credibility is above any doubt. So as Muslims, hold the Quran over your own beliefs as nothing is as perfect as the Holy Quran.
I hope you found this interesting. Insha'Allah these are enough proofs of the miracle.
Salam
submitted by lamyea01 to MuslimLounge [link] [comments]


2020.09.09 23:22 lamyea01 Proving that the Prophet PBUH did split the moon

Salam,
I have been wanting to make this post for a long time.
I saw a muslim sibling on reddit discussing with a non-muslim regarding the splitting of the moon. The non-muslim said that we muslims have no evidence nor historical records of the moon splitting and our muslim sibling replied with saying that we muslims don't truly believe that the moon was split, we believe that it is metaphorical and not literal.
I do not blame them, as they may not have come across substantial proof in order to refute the non-muslim.
For this reason, I wanted to show fellow muslims the top 4 (of what I call) evidence that the moon was split by the Prophet. But before that, context:
How did the Miracle of the Splitting of the Moon occur?
The miracle of the splitting of the moon occurred before the migration to Medina (2) upon the demands of the polytheists with the permission of God and it was shown by the prophet Muhammad (PBUH) as narrated by many companions like Anas b. Malik (3), Hz. Ali, Huzayfa b. Yaman (4), Abdullah b. Mas’ud (5), Abdullah b. Abbas (6), Abdullah b. Umar (7), Abdullah b. Amr b. As (8), Jubayr b. Mut’im (9) (May Allah be pleased with all of them). (10)
Among Quraish polytheists, Walid b. Mughira, Abu Jahl. As b. Wail, As b. Hisham, Aswad b. Abdi Yaghus, Aswad b. Muttalib, Zama b. Aswad, Nadr b. Harith and others (11) said to the prophet Muhammad (PBUH):
“If you truly are a Prophet that has been appointed by Allah, then split the moon in half. Let it be in such a way that one half will appear over the Mount Abu Qubais and the other half will be seen over Mount Quayqian.”
The prophet Muhammad (PBUH) asked: “If I do it, will you become Muslims?”
The polytheists answered: “Yes, we will.”
On the 14th night, when it was full moon, the prophet Muhammad (PBUH) wanted Almighty Allah to give him the miracle which the polytheists demanded from him. (12)
When the Gabriel (AS) informed the prophet Muhammad (PBUH) that God had accepted his prayer, he announced it to the Meccans. The polytheists witnessed the splitting of the moon on the 14th night. (13)
When Almighty God let the moon split in half, one half standing over Mount Abu Qubais and the other half over Mount Quayqian, the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) shouted at Muslims:
“O Abu Salama b. Abdulasad! Arqam b. Abi’l Erqam! Bear witness! (14)
And to the polytheists, he said, “Bear witness! So and so! (15)
However, the polytheists said “This is one of the spells of Abu Kabsha’s Son.” (16) “The son of Abu Kabsha cast a spell on you!” (17) They said “Muhammad cast a spell on us!” (18)
Some of them also said:
“If Muhammad had cast a spell on us then (19), He couldn’t have cast a spell on everyone! (20) Let us ask the wayfarers who came from the surrounding areas (21) if they saw what we saw.” (21)
They asked the people who came from every everywhere. (22-23)
“Yes! We also did see the moon in that state! We saw the moon as split! They informed that the moon was split. Among the people who came from everywhere and seen the moon split, there was no one who had not informed them about it. (24)
However, the polytheists rejected to be Muslims and to believe by saying: “This is a prevalent magic!” (25), they said “Abu Talib’s orphan affected the sky with his spell!” (26).
https://questionsonislam.com/article/miracle-splitting-moon-0
Now onto the proofs
Proof no.4: NASA
This is one of my evidence but it does have its criticisms hence it is my no.4 evidence. Brothers and sisters I highly recommend you see through this sideshow as the evidence by NASA has a lot of information that I cannot do it justice by writing it in this post: https://www.slideshare.net/mobile/huseinmhanna/did-prophet-muhammad-split-the-moon
https://youtu.be/fuoqAQM-WDE
https://youtu.be/xzsNyBbVfqY
According to muslim researchers, there are proofs of the splitting of the moon in pictures of the moon taken by NASA's missions.
After Apollo mission photographs were published of Rima Ariadaeus, the 300 km-long rift line on the surface of the Moon,[16] it was suggested by Muslims on some internet sites that this was result of the splitting mentioned in the Quran.
The surface of the moon is replete with long channels or grooves that continue to create unsolved puzzles and contradictions for geologists. Every traditional theory, when tested against photographic evidence, has failed. Planetary scientists often say that it was formed by molten lava and they draw comparisons to lava channels in Hawaii. But the differences between the two are so profound as to render such comparisons meaningless.
Rima Ariadaeus is the rille that is usually referred to as the scar of the split that happened as a miracle of the Prophet PBUH, show clearly that it's a relatively small scar on the face of the moon and doesn't extend across the length of the moon as one would expect.
In 2010, NASA scientist Brad Bailey was asked about this and replied "My recommendation is to not believe everything you read on the internet. Peer-reviewed papers are the only scientifically valid sources of information out there. No current scientific evidence reports that the Moon was split into two (or more) parts and then reassembled at any point in the past."
Does this mean the split never happen? Does that disprove the miracle?
Even though the pictures can not be used as a strong evidence of the miracle that happened in the 7th century A.D. yet there's still no conclusive explanation to the origins of the structures in question.
Proof no.3: Authenticated Hadiths
Abdullah ibn Mas’ud reported: The moon split when we were with the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, and it became two separate pieces. The Prophet said to us, “Bear witness. Bear witness.”
In another narration, Ibn Mas’ud said, “A piece was behind the mountain and another piece was below it.” Source: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī 4584, Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 2800 Grade: Muttafaqun Alayhi (authenticity agreed upon) according to Al-Bukhari and Muslim عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ مَسْعُودٍ قَالَ انْشَقَّ الْقَمَرُ وَنَحْنُ مَعَ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ فَصَارَ فِرْقَتَيْنِ فَقَالَ لَنَا اشْهَدُوا اشْهَدُوا وفي رواية أخرى قال ابن مسعود فَكَانَتْ فِلْقَةٌ وَرَاءَ الْجَبَلِ وَفِلْقَةٌ دُونَهُ 4584 صحيح البخاري كتاب تفسير القرآن سورة اقتربت الساعة باب وانشق القمر وإن يروا آية يعرضوا 2800 صحيح مسلم كتاب صفة القيامة والجنة والنار باب انشقاق القمر
https://abuaminaelias.com/dailyhadithonline/2019/07/14/bear-witness-moon-split/
Muttafaqun Alayi: When the Hadith Masters use this term, it means that the Hadith in question is found in both books; Sahih Bukhari & Sahih Muslim, on the authority of the same Sahabi (radiyallahu’anhu) even if there exists variation in the wording.
Authenticated hadiths are a good historical record as Al-Bukhari used rigorous means to verify and authenticate the hadiths. To us muslims, these are substantial pieces of record that prove the event of the moon splitting.
Proof no.2: Other historical records
The Mayans recorded the miracle!
https://web.archive.org/web/20111028081146/http://www.mayalords.org/restfldpersia.html
At the top of page 139 in the 1997 Maya Hieroglyphic Forum, the dot and bar numbers have been inserted as corrections for the tops of the other columns (missing in V and K's works). On the basis of the number sequences, the date of the first (and, what I am surmising, was the original change) is 9.9.9.16.0 or the Gregorian date of 9 February 623 (the Julian date calculated the 6th of February, that same year).
But, if one reads the Rabbit and the Mirror, one will see, that not only was the rabbit a new addition to the home of the moon goddess, but also the cosmic tree (probably the Milky Way) was new. Being held up to the mirror, the rabbit is shown where it was then (now) located, not how it was born. In agreement with that statement is vase K2772. It shows the same three women as in the so-called birth scene, but instead of a pregnant woman with two midwives, it shows that the palace of the moon is being shaken by a quake, indicated by the same "question mark" curls found in the ears of the split-faced moon rabbit and identified by Eric Thompson as a symbol of the Moon Goddess glyphs. This "quake" or catastrophe is well recorded world-wide, even in Peru as the Rebellion of the Artifacts.The rabbit arrives later to view, in the mirror, the new star arrangement of the skies
The rabbit replaced the monkey (possibly the old north star?) As the records of time and became a very important figure with the same split face of the moon, with a the same question mark curl in each ear. And later (K1491) where the rabbit waits for the monkey to finish his final work.
Indians saw the miracle too!
Of interest in relation to the moon splitting an Indian historical manuscript (India Office Library, London, manuscript #2807/152-173), which says that this incident was observed by the Indian king of Malibar, Chakrawati Farmas- was the starting point of Islam spreading to India. It was also mentioned in the book "Muhammad Rasulullah," by M. Hamidullah.
On a moon-lit night the Indian King Chakrawati, while walking on the rooftop of his palace along with the queen saw the moon suddenly splitting into two halves. Later he came to know through Arab traders that a prophet called Muhammad PBUH had wrought a miracle on that fateful night and sundered the moon before the crowd of dazed spectators.
Learning on inquiry that there was a prediction of the coming if a Messenger of God from Arabia, he appointed his son as regent and set out to meet him. He embraced Islam at the hand of the Prophet.
The king died on his way back to India but wrote letters to the local rulers of Malabar to "help construct mosques at Kodungallur and elsewhere". The rulers of Kerala honoured his wishes and built mosques in the early 7th century, one of them being Cheraman Malik Masjid at Kodungallur, said to be one of the oldest in the sub-continent.
Travellers from Syria and Yemen also witnessed the splitting of the moon that night!
Narrated by Anas ibn Malik (Al-Bukhari)
"The Makkan people requested Allah's messenger to show them a miracle, and so he showed them the splitting of the moon.
At this point, some of the wise men explained that magic could only affect the attendees whereas it cannot maintain influence on everybody in general. They waited for travellers who were coming back from their journeys. The pagans hurried up to the borders of Mecca in anticipation to meet the travellers.
When the first arrivals appeared, they asked them did you see anything extraordinary happened to the moon?
The travellers answered 'yes, on one night we saw the moon splitting into two parts which remained asunder for some time then reattached.'
Upon this statement, a number of the group believed while the rest remained pagans.
But I have heard people say, especially ex-muslims, "this is hocus pocus, if Muhammad PBUH did split the moon, then why didnt the Europeans record it? After all, the Roman empire was still around. It's hard to believe that if the moon was split, why more people wouldn't record such phenomena"
This is easily explained with this case study:
At the beginning of the 20th century, people lived with the well-established idea of a static universe where the motion of stars never varies. This is probably due to Aristotle's teachings, stating that the sky is immutable, unlike Earth, which is perishable. This idea caused a historical anomaly:
in 1054, the Chinese noticed the appearance of new light in the sky, but no European document mentions it!
Yet it could be seen in full daylight and lasted for several weeks.
It was a supernova, that is, a dying star, the remnants of which can still be seen as the Crab Nebula. Predominant thought in Europe prevented people from accepting a phenomenon that so utterly contradicted the idea of an unchanging sky. A supernova is a very rare event, which can only be observed by the naked eye once a century. The most recent one dates back to 1987. So Aristotle was almost right in thinking that the sky was unchanging - on the scale of a human life at least.
This article can be found here: https://theconversation.com/einsteins-two-mistakes-139003
If the Europeans were unwilling to document a supernova in 1054, what makes you think they would be even more willing to document in the 7th century?
Subhan'Allah, we are now at our last proof of the splitting of the moon:
Proof no.1: The Qur'an
Almighty God mentions this miracle in the chapter of al-Qamar 1-5 as follows:
“The hour (of Judgment) is nigh, and The moon is cleft asunder.
But if they see a Sign, they turn away, and say "This is (but) transient magic."
They reject (the warning) and follow their (own) lusts but every matter has its appointed time.
There have already come to them Recitals wherein there is (enough) to check (them),
Mature wisdom― but (the preaching of) Warners profits them not.” (27)
How does this show that the miracle occurred?
Well, the Quran is telling us the the Prophet split the moon, but the disbelievers said that it was magic.
Remember, this verse wasn't preached once, recorded and never preached again. The Prophet repeatedly preached this exact verse to his followers and the non-muslims for decades. The non-muslims never refuted this verse!
The people that aren't even muslims, the paganists, NEVER SAID THAT THE MOON WASN'T SPLIT!!!!!
Even Al-Tabari, the one who wrote down whatever rumour he heard, the one who wrote down about the rumours of the Satanic Verses, NEVER wrote down anywhere that the pagans did not see the moon split.
The pagans saw the moon split and said "oh, it's just MAGIC!"
Never did they say "huh? A split moon? Never occured. Fake news"
Subhan'Allah, the biggest proof of the moon splitting isn't even from the muslims, but the non-muslims. They are the ones who authenticated the verse by claiming Allah did not allow Muhammad PBUH to split the moon, Muhammad PBUH performed magic! They are the witnesses of the miracles!
Allahu Akbar! The Qur'an is the biggest miracle and historical record we have of the moon splitting!
The Holy Quran is a miracle by itself, and a book full of all sorts of miracles. We as muslims should wholeheartedly have faith in the Quran and not attempt to explain scientific miracles of the Quran in a way that does harm the credibility of the holy book.
There is no need to exaggerate certain evidences to make them fit some facts mentioned in the Quran.
Until recently, a lot of the scientific facts in the Quran were in contradiction with he scientific theories at the time. Yet this never meant that the science is right and the Quran was wrong.
In many cases, new discoveries proved the old theories wrong and the Quran right (like the expansion of the universe for example.)
In other cases, our interpretation of the Quranic verses was wrong.
Either way, as a Muslim, the Quran's credibility is above any doubt. So as Muslims, hold the Quran over your own beliefs as nothing is as perfect as the Holy Quran.
I hope you found this interesting. Insha'Allah these are enough proofs of the miracle.
Edit: I just want to clarify as people in the comments have rightfully brought up:
Thank you to all who have replied. I am grateful that you have taken the time to read this.
I just want to clarify, I intended to write this post mainly for my muslim brothers and sisters. This miracle is one of the miracles that is associated with the Prophet PBUH but I know that a lot of muslims may have a hard time believing in its authenticity.
If I could make non-muslims interested in the deen, that would be great Alhamdulillah. However, this post is not directed at non-muslims, hence I used a lot of islamic articles as my target audience was my fellow brothers and sisters.
Insha'Allah, what I call proofs may not be proofs for many, including muslims but for me, these are the reasons in why I believe that the moon splitting miracle is authentic and real.
Take care and have a great day, salam!
Not only that, but many people have asked and enquired about the historical records from other civilisations and its validity, as well as why I even included proof no.4 when NASA themselves have said that they don't believe the moon was split in the past. Here is a comment I made that will address these concerns:
https://www.reddit.com/islam/comments/ippi5q/proving_that_the_prophet_pbuh_did_split_the_moon/g4uglh3?utm_medium=android_app&utm_source=share&context=3
Salam
submitted by lamyea01 to islam [link] [comments]


2020.09.01 20:18 Gavin_Magnus Critique of A Cadmean Victory

A few months ago I began to read A Cadmean Victory because it is so frequently recommended in this subreddit. Yesterday I finished it, and here is a critique of it that I’ve been writing while reading, and a few suggestions of making it better. This is meant for those who have read the story and know what happens in it. If you haven’t and are going to, I warn you: spoilers ahead!
INTRODUCTION
I am a very perfectionist person: I notice flaws more easily than merits. I have very high standards, and when I read a story and encounter things I don’t like, I add them to a mental list of things that should be better. I don’t have a mental list of things that are good. That’s why this review appears to be just a long list of flaws and seemingly bitter complaints, and it’s easy to come to the conclusion that I hate the story and just want to rub my bad feelings to the face of the rest of the world like some Mr Plinkett. This is not so. I actually finished reading A Cadmean Victory despite its immense length, which is rare for a fan fiction story, especially one so massive. I had to find it sufficiently entertaining (although at some points only writing this critique urged me to continue), and that means I cannot give it a mark lower than Acceptable. (Exceeds Expectations would be too much.) Please, keep that in mind. I will do my best to point out things in the story that are actually good.
GENERAL
The prose of the story is generally good. Not professional level, and not impressive in any point, but better than the prose in more than ninety percent of fan fiction stories. There never was a moment when the writing was so clumsy or sloppy that it would have irritated me.
However, the overall tone and, shall I say, proportions of the story feel out of place. The beginning was rushed, as if the writer just wanted to get it over with and onto the actual plot. In the very first chapter Harry is first chatting with Hermione, then gets to the Quidditch World Cup, then has some insights about the Veela, then returns to the tent with the Weasleys, then the Death Eaters attack and Harry ends up killing Barty Crouch Junior. Too much was packed in one chapter, and as a result I found it impossible to immerse in the story. It was told in a boring, emotionless tone, skipping moments when Harry probably felt varying emotions. I almost stopped reading right then.
But later in the story the writer has no trouble using several chapters to tell about trivial things. For example, the first half of Chapter 68 is just light-hearted small-talk of Harry and his friends, Katie and Neville. At that point their friendship has been established long ago. That episode serves no function whatsoever, not the plot, not character development, not anything. Parts like it should be removed. The same applies to some of the romance parts. It may be nice for the writer to imagine all these lovely dates with a dream girl, but the reader just gets bored and annoyed. It’s totally unnecessary to tell about furniture shopping in Chapter 74 when the story should be building up tension for the climax. I actually got so bored at that point that I stopped reading the story for two weeks and read two books before returned. And I returned only because I had already begun writing this review. As late in the story as in Chapter 94 the writer admits in a note that the chapter is mainly filler. Remove the filler!
Another thing where the writer uses too many words is the lectures about magic. Early in the story Harry and Salazar Slytherin’s portrait discuss many topics of magic, and the discussions are far too long and thorough. The rituals and other magic systems are probably well thought out, but they were told in the wrong way. It is unnecessary for the reader to receive all the information that Harry does. I want to read a story, not someone’s meticulously thorough deep-dive thesis about how magic works! Such knowledge has no applications in real life, and is plot-wise irrelevant even inside the story. Instead of the long dialogues it should have been told as a summarised version by the narrator, maybe spiced with some of Harry’s ideas about them.
Another huge flaw in the tone is the fact that there are climaxes and anticlimaxes over and over again, and none of them seem to have consequences to Harry’s mental state after the one in Chapter 1. In Chapter 35 he confronts Voldemort for the first time, and in Chapter 36 he is starting his relationship with Fleur, not shaken or traumatised at all. In Chapter 65 he confronts Voldemort again, and in Chapter 67 he is back at Hogwarts toying with his friends. In Chapter 76 he confronts Voldemort yet again, and in Chapter 77 he is having nice time with his friends in Diagon Alley. In Chapter 98 he confronts Voldemort once more, and Chapter 100 begins with Harry and Fleur teasing each other before the final climax begins abruptly, without much built-up tension. This makes the story feel disoriented, breaking the immersion, and the lack of mental consequences make Harry feel inhuman, like some kind of robot. More about that.
CHARACTERS
Characters are probably the most important part of any story. Relatable and likable characters make a story good even if the plot is not that good, and even a good plot doesn’t feel like much if the reader is unable to feel its impact through the characters. Sadly, A Cadmean Victory lacks this most important part. Let’s analyse the four most important characters and find out why they do not make a good story.
Harry
Harry is supposed to be a slightly more introverted version of the character we know from J. K. Rowling’s books. Until the summer of 1994 he has gone through all the same events as the canon Harry, but they have a different impact on his person due to his introversion. This starting point is a good one. I am an introvert myself, and I thought, “Good, relating to this kind of Harry should be easier!” But, like I said, Harry feels inhuman.
The main character of a story may be a hero in which case the reader relates to him, likes him, and hopes him to succeed. Or he can be a villain in which case the reader enjoys him being ruthless even though he is not a nice person. A Cadmean Victory tries to combine these two types of main character, but fails utterly. The reader is clearly supposed to like and relate to Harry, but then Harry becomes a cold-blooded murderer. He murders Rita Skeeter just because she was being annoying and because framing the murder to appear to be committed by Death Eaters was strategically beneficial, but afterwards Harry is only concerned about Fleur’s disapproval.
From that point on I could not relate to Harry, but I could not enjoy him as a villainous main character either. As far as I am concerned, at that point Harry is as evil as Voldemort, and the story is about a child who evolves into a monster. Killing Pettigrew at least felt like a justified revenge, killing Umbridge was kind of divine justice, and the killed Death Eaters can be considered casualties of war, but the Skeeter episode just convinced me that Harry is a deranged psychopath whom I would like to see dying as well. Furthermore, all the boring small-talk episodes after the murder got a creepy undertone. Here is Katie, a normal teenage girl, hanging out with his friend Harry – who has murdered a woman for being annoying and felt no guilt or remorse afterwards. How am I supposed to enjoy reading about their day when all I can think is what if Harry snaps, kills Katie, and then feels absolutely nothing?
Harry totally lacks character development. The reader gets no such insight to his mental state that would explain him becoming a murderer. To put it simply, Harry is wildly out of character, but the reader does not actually learn what kind of person he is. There are more examples of this. When he finds out that he is Voldemort’s Horcrux, he quite easily accepts the fact that he will have to die. However, for a few chapters he is absolutely adamant that “he will not become nothing” or something like that. In other words, he gets some morbid satisfaction from the thought that even though he will have to die, he will die in such a remarkable way that his heroic sacrifice will be remembered and admired. But the canon Harry was never a glory hound. I would be okay with this kind of mindset if it was explained well. It was not explained at all. I think the writer just wanted to create some contrast to the happier and more confident Harry he became, and thus he needed to have some moments of desperation and depression.
Fleur
It’s generally awful to read a romance story where one side of the romance is a psychopath. However, A Cadmean Victory at least has the merit that the other side is also unlikable.
Fleur’s most important character traits are bad temper and jealousy. Whenever she has a disagreement with someone, she treats them with contempt, usually threatens them with something, and swears angrily. Whenever someone is even slightly interested in Harry, she gets mad and fantasises about setting them on fire. There are no moments when she expresses any empathy or goodwill for anyone but her family members and boyfriend. And then Fleur too becomes a cold-blooded murderess who feels no remorse after killing an underage bystander in his own home for the crime of knowing too much. Oh, and then she and Harry just go home and are jubilant about how much they love each other. How is anyone supposed to like and relate to them? A Cadmean Victory is the only piece of literature I have ever encountered in which the good looks of a girl is more important and makes up for a vile personality, and I find it quite repulsive. At least both main characters are rotten apples, so at least I don’t need to be concerned about it if they eventually kill each other.
Also, why is Fleur of all people Harry’s love interest? Her entire personality and special Veela abilities are irrelevant to the plot. Nothing would actually change if she was replaced with some other girl. Is it just the fact that Fleur is the best-looking girl in the story? I dislike stories that feel like a personal fantasy of the writer.
Neville
Also Neville is out of character. In this story he is vengeful above all else: he hates the Lestranges and Crouch Junior with rage he can barely contain, and wants to kill them personally. That is both the total antithesis of the canon Neville and implausible too. Neville was too young to know his parents, so he should not be able to feel so strongly about their fate. He would be an interesting character if he had the feeling that he should hate the Lestranges and Crouch, but actually couldn’t. Their crimes would be like the crimes of some random historical people committed against random victims: worthy of being strongly disapproved, but something he just couldn’t take personally. That’s just how emotions like this work. You can’t form strong emotions based on stories you have been told but not experienced yourself. As a result, Neville is reduced to an angry and bitter sidekick who can barely keep up with Harry’s amazing power and talent. It’s a total waste of character that could be removed from the story without changing the plot. Neville has no impact in the climax of the story. He is present and told doing things, but then he ends up being irrelevant. Nothing was told about what happened to him afterwards which makes it feel that all the long chapters in which Harry trained him were pointless to the ultimate conclusion of the story and his own character arc, i.e. filler.
Katie
Katie was actually an interesting character because she felt like a real person and not a caricature like the three other most important characters. She caused a love triangle in the story, and I could empathize with her on some level. On one hand, I would have liked her to be successful in her love life, because she was a much more pleasant person than Fleur, but on the other hand, I would not have liked such a normal, likable girl end up with a monster like Harry. Her death was supposed to be a tough situation for Harry, but apart from one of Harry’s brief fits of rage, there were no consequences to Harry’s mental state or the plot. In the end, Katie felt like one of the many wasted characters of the story.
ROMANCE
Harry and Fleur initially dislike each other, but then find some kind of strong personal connection because of their similarities. They both think about the other one before the romance begins, but I never understood it how they turned out to love each other. And even stranger is how Fleur comes to consider Harry the most important thing in her life, so important that she has no problems with Harry being a psychopath who murders a woman for being annoying. (She even continues teasing Harry, taking the risk of being the next annoying woman to face the ultimate penalty.) It seems like the writer wanted to give some insight to their thoughts because that’s what happens in good romance stories, but only made it even more confusing. In Chapter 64 Harry looks into the Mirror of Erised and sees himself with a family with Fleur. In Chapter 71 he is suddenly uneasy about being committed to his relationship with her. It seems that the writer wanted an unrealistically effortless beginning for such a perfect romance, but at the same time acknowledged that it needs some obstacles to be interesting to the audience. The result is convoluted and implausible.
The story would be much better if the entire romance was removed. The main problem is that romance and a total war against cartoonishly evil bad guys are quite incompatible genres of literature. Normal people are unable to invest emotionally in a romance if a mortal danger lurks everywhere and they know they are being targeted by an overpowered bad guy.
The lack of relationship dynamics also bothered me. Apart from Harry enjoying Fleur feeling jealous and protective, they are on a lovely honeymoon almost the entire time. They don’t learn new facets of each other, they never face serious moments of doubt or willingness to end the relationship. In fact, the romance would be an interesting one if Harry and Fleur had vastly differing hopes and expectations. Like the following, for example. Harry is stressed about the war and seeks comfort from Fleur. She, being the older one of the pair and having no such personal concerns, is willing to get a closer and more intimate relationship, and is disappointed when he is emotionally unable to comply. She learns more about people and lets go of her non-empathic composure. Defeating Voldemort becomes a mutual goal for them, because they know their relationship can flourish only if Harry is freed from his emotional burden. At the end of the story, they have both learned much about each other and life in general, and everything is fine. That would be a story worth telling!
This is a friendly advice for all aspiring authors: if you don’t have personal experience in romantic relationships, it’s usually not a good idea to write stories about them. Of course, I don’t know any personal details of the writer of A Cadmean Victory, but from the tone of the story I suspect he/she was around twenty years old when writing and inexperienced in romantic relationships.
PLOT
Divergence type fan fiction stories usually follow the Stations of the Canon, i.e. the events of the books. I actually like it, because I find it interesting to explore the ramifications of the divergence. A Cadmean Victory, however, is a bad example of divergence, because it follows the Stations of the Canon even after it doesn’t make any sense.
At the beginning, Harry kills Barty Crouch Junior, and sometime during the next school year he kills Peter Pettigrew. Even though that should have totally derailed the canon plot, the Triwizard Tournament takes place with Harry as the fourth Champion, and he gets taken to Little Hangleton where he confronts the resurrected Voldemort and then escapes. The Ministry doesn’t believe him and Umbridge is being annoying, there is the adventure in the Department of Mysteries where Harry fights Death Eaters and Voldemort, and the Ministry learns the truth. There is the Horcrux hunt and Dumbledore dies following the events in the cave, then the Death Eaters almost take over Britain, there is the break-in to Gringotts, and the final showdown between Harry and Voldemort in Hogwarts. It’s mind-boggling how little things change even though for Harry so many things happen differently.
Harry gets taught by Salazar Slytherin’s portrait and does several rituals that make him more powerful, and he gets help from Fleur, but these things don’t change the overall plot. It’s unbelievable that someone is willing to go through the trouble of writing a 500,000 word story with own world-building and unique subplots, but then change next to nothing about the main plot. It was very disappointing and showed striking lack of creativity when compared to the more unique parts.
Many plot details were strange and annoying.
I never understood how Harry’s name ended up in the Goblet of Fire. In one of the early Fleur’s point of view chapters she witnesses Harry putting his name in the Goblet, but later Harry is surprised that the Goblet selected him. Did Fleur see someone who was Polyjuiced as Harry? It was never explained.
And then there was Peter Pettigrew hanging out at Hogwarts for some reason. I think he was giving orders to the Imperiused Ludo Bagman, but why was it necessary to do at Hogwarts? Wasn’t Bagman in London most of the time? But the most annoying thing is that even though Harry sees Pettigrew on the Marauder’s Map several times, he doesn’t do anything about it. Yes, I get it he doesn’t trust Dumbledore as much as he once did, but isn’t capturing Pettigrew quite an important thing? Why was Harry unwilling to interact even so little with Dumbledore as telling him about Pettigrew’s suspicious presence would have been? The entire Pettigrew subplot was ridiculous, like some kind of a side quest of a video game: Harry knows it is not necessary to act right now. Pettigrew will be there even if Harry wastes several opportunities to catch him.
A similar type of thing is that Voldemort repeatedly lets Harry go for no real reason. Yes, he wants to know how Harry would turn out given time, but considering Voldemort wanted to kill Harry when he was a baby it is totally out of character for Voldemort. He doesn’t take the risk of anyone equalling him. Voldemort’s stupidity also evaporates the tension from the story. When the reader knows that confronting Voldemort is not an almost guaranteed death, all those confrontations lack the necessary tension for an interesting adventure story. The story offers no surprises, the final confrontation will happen only when Harry is ready!
Harry’s stupidity about important tools annoyed me. He totally wastes the final use of the Time Turner and the Felix Felicis for unimportant things even though he knew he was going to face Voldemort eventually. Any sensible person would have saved them for the confrontation.
WORLD BUILDING
World building deserves recognition, but A Cadmean Victory creates several plot holes by taking Rowling’s world into the wrong direction. Specifically, the rituals.
There are lots of rituals, far too many for any plot purposes. I guess the writer wanted some kind of explanation for Harry becoming so powerful so quickly. That is better than no explanation, but when there is a new ritual every ten chapters or so, it becomes excessive. Harry should have done them all at once. Alternatively, skip the rituals altogether and come up with something entirely else. Magic opens so many possibilities; why does Harry have to beat Voldemort with superb power? Some creative application of previously known magic would be much more satisfying and spare the reader of many boring scenes with loads of inconsequential information.
Perhaps the over-emphasizing of power could be parallelised with a story of Harry Potter and Voldemort as weightlifters. Voldemort is the strongest weightlifter in the world, and Harry knows that if he is to win, he must become even stronger. Then the story tells about how Harry exercises and uses doping. Eventually he is stronger than Voldemort and triumphs. Not a very interesting story, I would say. The reader cannot feel Harry’s exercising, thus making it impossible for the reader to attach to the story. But how about a story where Harry realises that he doesn’t need to be stronger than Voldemort, he just needs to be cleverer, and triumphs by other means? (Actually, at some point of A Cadmean Victory Harry does say that he plans to defeat Voldemort through cleverness rather than power, but nothing becomes of it.)
Also, there was no sufficient explanation to why so few wizards do these rituals. Yes, the ingredients are expensive and the knowledge was rare, but if a teenager can become the third most powerful wizard in a few years through them, I would think the wizarding world would mass-produce the ingredients and use all their time to craft more such rituals. Plot-wise, a good ritual requires a sacrifice that few people are willing to make. The Horcrux is a good example. The rituals should have made Harry less human. That would not even change the story as such a personality change happens regardless.
Then there is the fact that paintings are actually sentient. If they are capable of learning new things and interacting with living people like living people, why is it not customary in the wizarding world to immortalize everyone in paintings? If paintings are just as good teachers as living people, why are they not in charge of teaching at Hogwarts? Paintings should not be some kind of good Horcruxes.
MISCELLANEOUS
I found the direct quotes of thoughts annoying. Every now and then there is a short line in italics telling what Harry thinks. My problem is that usually people do not think in complete sentences. Thoughts are quick realisations and associations, and that is why it would be much better to let the narrator tell what kind of thoughts go through the mind of the main character. Direct quotes are okay if the character actually forms the complete sentences, for example when imagining a conversation, planning the line, or almost saying something but keeping quiet for some reason. This is just a minor detail, but when it happens over and over again for no good reason, it gets very annoying. It breaks the flow of the prose. Equally annoying is that usually the lines were so unimportant. If it is necessary to tell Harry’s opinion about a minor detail, why not spell out every single thought that forms in his mind? Or am I not believe that no thought processes take place apart from the ones written in italics?
But this next thing is a positive one. There is more social interaction with less close friends, something the Harry Potter books lack for some reason. (The most glaring example of this is in the Half-Blood Prince. At the start of the year Harry hears that the parents of the Patil twins would like to take their daughters out of Hogwarts. Then, just before Christmas, Harry says to Parvati, “How’re you? You’re staying at Hogwarts, then? I heard your parents wanted you to leave.” So, apparently, Harry never exchanged a single word of small-talk with her in more than three months before that?) Harry’s friendship with Katie is interesting partly because it should have been in the books.
This next thing is quite usual in fan fiction stories. Characters teasingly threaten each other like this: “If you get into danger, I’m gonna hex you until –!” Does that really happen between teenagers? Is that their way of expressing caring without appearing soft or sentimental? I have grown to hate it, because it’s like a trade mark of a writer who doesn’t know how real people interact.
CONCLUSION
Why was this story written? I think every story has some kind of creative spark, some moral the writer wants to tell the audience. But even after reading A Cadmean Victory, I don’t know what the moral is. It certainly is not that if Harry had been more independent, cunning, ambitious, and proactive, everything would have turned out for the better, because it didn’t! And it wasn’t that even though the so-called Dark Arts give you an advantage in a war, they are not good in the long run. In fact, the only moral I can think of about A Cadmean Victory is that it is okay to break into people’s homes and murder them for petty reasons. No, I don’t like it. Hermione is the voice of reason in this story, understanding Harry’s fall, but at the end it turns out she was being influenced by the locket Horcrux. I’m probably over thinking it, but it’s like a message to the reader: if you think Harry is evil, you’re influenced by Voldemort!
This is a divergence type of story. That means this is an alternative chain of events to canon, and we can judge if this is a better or worse outcome to the starting point. In the end, what is better than in canon: Fred, Cedric, and Snape survive. What is worse: Arthur, Katie, Hermione, and Ron die, as apparently does every Hogwarts professor, Teddy Lupin never gets born, Draco dies and loses his chance to get redeemed, Harry’s friendships with the Weasleys are ruined, and Harry and Fleur become monsters. Good for Fred, Cedric, and Snape, but overall I would say the outcome is much worse. So, apparently I read over half a million words and endured unlikable main characters just to learn that their sacrifice of their own humanity did not even make things better than the alternative. And there even was no clear or reasonable moral to the story. So, was this a story that needed or deserved to be told? If I could send a message back in time, I probably would advise my younger self not to bother reading this story.
Again, this does not mean that the story is bad. It just is not worth the trouble of reading over half a million words, because so much of it is filler and the important parts are plagued with flaws. Removing the filler parts, the inconsequential action sequences, the unnecessary lectures about magic, and most of the romance parts would make this a solid 150,000 word story without changing the plot at all. Then just a little more thought to the plot and character development would make this story a good one.
Many people consider this a very good Harry Potter fan fiction story, even among the best. I would like to read their thoughts about the things I have pointed out.
submitted by Gavin_Magnus to HPfanfiction [link] [comments]


2020.08.30 21:08 llaverna Weekly Round-Up: August 24th - August 30th

Weekly Round-Up: August 24th - August 30th
/bangtan Weekly Round-Up
Previous thread: August 17th - August 23rd
This round-up is for everything that happened in the /bangtan realm within the past week, compiled for your convenience! If you have feedback, please leave a comment or send me a PM.
The latest weekly round-up is linked on the sidebar of the subreddit. The link to the archive of past round-up posts can always be found in the wiki index.

New Releases

Date Link Thread
200825 [Audio] BTS - Dynamite (Acoustic Remix) & Dynamite (EDM Remix) Thread
200825 ‪[MV] BTS 'Dynamite' Official MV‬ [B-Side] Thread
200828 [Audio] BTS Dynamite (Tropical Remix) & Dynamite (Poolside Remix) Thread

News & Information

Date Thread
200823 BTS has won Best Foreign Song with 'ON' and Best Fans at the Swedish music award show Rockbjörnen 2020
200824 The emoji for #BTS_Dynamite hashtag has changed to a disco ball
200824 Jimin donated 100 million won to Jeonnam Future Education Foundation to aid students with outstanding abilities and talents in need
200824 BTS are nominated for 'Best Group' at the MTV Video Music Awards
200825 AllAccess.com radio Adds for Dynamite - 171 stations!
200827 [NOTICE] Information on Upcoming Announcements for BTS MAP OF THE SOUL ON:E
200827 ARMY Bomb Ver.3 and 'Map of the Soul Special Edition' can now connect to "Dynamite" music video on Weverse
200829 BTS have taken their first win for "Dynamite" on today's MBC Show! Music Core
200829 MTV UK: BTS Win MTV's Hottest Summer Superstar 2020!
200830 BTS have taken their second win for "Dynamite" on today's SBS Inkigayo
200830 BTS on iHeart Radio Countdown (BTS shares they will perform Dynamite and Spring Day at iheart radio music festival on Sep 18/19)

Merchandise news

Date Thread
200824 Learn! KOREAN with BTS Book Package is now available to preorder on Weverse Shop
200825 The content "BTS World Tour 'Love Yourself, Speak Yourself' London" has been submitted for rating

Expired news

Date Thread
200826 BTS to join The Kidd Kraddick Morning Show on August 27 at 7:10AM CT
200828 [NOTICE] Release Information for Additional BTS Digital Single “Dynamite” Remix Versions
200827 BTS On Air with Ryan Seacrest interview on August 28th at 8:30am PT

Appearances

Date Thread
200826 BTS perform "Stay Gold" and "MIC Drop" on Fuji TV's '2020 FNS Music Festival"

Official Media

Type Date Link Thread
Bomb 200827 [BANGTAN BOMB] 'Dynamite' MV Reaction Thread
Episode 200826 [EPISODE] BTS (방탄소년단) 'Dynamite' MV Shooting Sketch Thread
In the SOOP 200825 [Behind] In the SOOP BTS ver. EP.1 Excited to Begin: Behind-the-scenes Thread
In the SOOP 200827 In the SOOP BTS ver. EP.2 Free Time Thread
In the SOOP 200827 [In the SOOP BTS ver.] Official Clip - Ep.3 Thread
Photos 200825 BTS emoticON Thread
Video 200824 Sing ‘Dynamite’ with me - RM Thread
Video 200825 Sing 'Dynamite' with me - Jimin Thread
Video 200826 Sing 'Dynamite' with me - Jin Thread
Video 200827 Sing 'Dynamite' with me - V Thread
Video 200828 Sing 'Dynamite' with me - j-hope Thread
Video 200829 Sing 'Dynamite' with me - SUGA Thread
Video 200830 Sing 'Dynamite' with me - Jung Kook Thread
Other 200824 Learn! KOREAN with BTS [EP.25] I Want to See You Thread
Other 200826 [Learn! KOREAN with BTS] The Smart Way to use the Speaking Pen Thread
Other 200827 Learn! Korean with BTS Tutorial Thread
Other 200828 Love Myself: "It's okay to stop. There's no need to run without knowing why." Thread

BTS Universe Story

Date Link Thread
200827 BTS Universe Story - I remember the happy moments laying side by side in the warm grass. Will our story have a happy ending? Thread
200828 BTS Universe Story Thread

Official SNS

Date SNS Link Thread
200824 Twitter Jimin Thread
200825 Twitter j-hope Thread
200825 Weverse j-hope Thread
200826 Twitter BTS Official: Blown away by Dynamite yet? We heard it's the #1 most added song on US radio this week!! Thank you US radio! Join in on the fun! Thread
200826 Twitter BTS Japan Thread
200827 Twitter Jimin Thread
200827 Weverse Compilation
200828 Twitter Seokjin Thread
200828 Instagram BTS Official Instastory Thread
200829 Twitter BTS iHeartRadio Most Request Live Ask Anything Chat goes down next Saturday night with On Air Romeo Thread
200829 Instagram BTS Official Instagram Story Thread
200830 Weverse j-hope Thread
200830 Instagram BTS Official Instagram Story Thread
200830 Weverse Compilation

BTS Interviews

Date Link Thread
200824 The Bert Show: BTS talks Dynamite, upcoming concert, and their post-pandemic plans Thread
200824 Today: BTS 'Dynamite': Band members talk first all-English song Thread
200826 MTV: BTS Nervous For VMAs Performance Debut With “Dynamite” (Extended Interview) Thread
200826 NME: BTS: "We're eager to give joy through our music now more than ever" Thread
200827 Good Morning Britain: BTS Talk Their New Single Dynamite and a Surprise Singalong to Harry Styles Thread
200828 MTV News: BTS share their top 7 favourite music videos & talk Dynamite Thread
200828 On Air With Ryan Seacrest: BTS Share the Meaning Behind Record-Breaking Track 'Dynamite,' What's to Come & More Thread

CF & Partnerships

Date Thread
200824 Hyundai Lifestyle
200824 FILA Korea x BTS - Jin #2
200824 BTS x Baskin Robbins Interview & Pick Videos (RM & SUGA)
200822 FILA Korea x BTS - j-hope #2
200824 FILA Korea x BTS - V #2
200826 FILA Korea x BTS - RM #2
200826 Thehandsome’s ‘SYSTEM’ is releasing a 2nd collaboration with BTS ‘BTS / SYSTEM Special Edition : SHIRSTS 7’ on August 27th
200826 BTS x Hyundai Lifestyle
200827 BTS / SYSTEM Special Edition
200827 Baskin Robbins x BTS Instagram Update
200827 FILA Korea x BTS - SUGA #3
200827 [Baskin Robbins x BTS] Sketch Photos and Mobile Wallpapers for download
200828 FILA Korea x BTS - V #3
200830 BTS x Hyundai Lifestyle Instagram Story - 'IONIQ : I'm on it' Sneak Peek

Articles

Date Publisher Article Thread
200823 Official Charts BTS' new song Dynamite on course for Official UK Number 1 Thread
200824 Elite Daily The BTS Shoutout In Netflix's 'Teenage Bounty Hunters' Is A Nod To ARMYs Thread
200824 Vulture Song Review: BTS Is Way Ahead Of Us Thread
200825 Headline Planet BTS' "Dynamite" Erupts As Pop Radio's Most Added Song Thread
200826 Rolling Stone BTS’ ‘Dynamite’ Launches a Veteran Songwriter Into the Spotlight Thread
200829 StyleCaster Becky G on Her New Eyewear Collection & Why BTS’ J-Hope Is Her ‘Genuine Inspiration’ Thread
200828 Teen Vogue VMAs 2020 Keke Palmer on BTS Thread
200830 Inquirer Why BTS—today’s success story—are incredible yet real Thread

SNS Mentions

Date Link Thread
200823 Dylan Minnette Thread
200823 FC Bayern Thread
200826 Cardi B posted an Instagram story of her listening to Black Swan with her daughter
200826 chart data: BTS' "Dynamite" is expected to debut at #1 on next week's Hot 100. It would be the group's first #1 hit. Thread
200827 Rina Sawayama Thread
200827 Kildren - V 🧨 Thread
200828 Son Sungdeuk on Instagram - Bangtan Uncles Thread
200827 Paulo Coelho tweets about BTS Thread
200828 MAX: “COLOUR VISION” Album Listening Party. Hear "Blueberry eyes (feat SUGA of BTS)... and all the unreleased songs before anyone else in the world. Thread
200829 Maple Story: Name a more iconic duo. We see you #Jin @BTS_twt @bts_bighit Thread
200829 Louis Vuitton Thread
200829 MAX posts picture of blueberries, teases MV for Blueberry Eyes ft. Suga Thread

Other media

NOTE: Entries with 💜 have new content directly involving BTS
Type 💜 Date Link Thread
Cover 200825 “Filter” Dance cover by JustJerk Dance Academy Thread
Cover 200829 Dynamite (Pop Punk/Rock Cover) by John of Minority 905 Thread
Cover 200830 BTS - Dynamite Metal cover Thread
Video 💜 200824 VMAs: A Message From BTS Thread
Video 💜 200825 GQ Japan: A special video message from BTS has been released! Thread
Video 💜 200827 Trafalgar Releasing: Check out this special message straight from the boys of BTS about "Break The Silence: The Movie"! Thread
Other 200826 League of Legends eSports Teams include BTS's 'Answer: Love Myself' on their Road to Worlds 2020 Spotify Playlist Thread
Other 200827 Try Guys: Eugene Is Back & BTS Is Thriving - The TryPod Ep. 74 Thread
Other 200825 Logic talks about meeting Yoongi on twitch stream (starts at 2:53:47) Thread

Milestones

Type Date Thread
Charts/Sales 200824 Billboard: 'Dynamite' Is Blowing Up: BTS Makes Its Best Career Debut on Pop Songs Radio Airplay Chart
Charts/Sales 200825 'Sweet Night' by V has now reached 117 #1's on iTunes Worldwide
Charts/Sales 200825 'Dynamite' has passed 100k units sold in the US
Charts/Sales 200825 Official Charts: BTS' Dynamite debuts at Number 1 on the Official Trending Chart
Charts/Sales 200825 'Filter' achieves 100 #1's on iTunes, making BTS the first artist to have 6 songs achieve 100 #1's
Charts/Sales 200826 Dynamite reached #1 on Melon 24Hits chart
Charts/Sales 200827 'Dynamite' has achieved a Perfect All-Kill
Charts/Sales 200827 "Dynamite" has reached a new peak of #21 (+3) on US Pop Radio with a new peak audience of 20.325 million! (+2.161M)
Charts/Sales 200828 "Dynamite" by BTS has spent 7 consecutive days at #1 on the WW & US iTunes chart so far, a first for a Korean group!
Charts/Sales 200828 "Dynamite" debuts at #8 on Germany's Official Singles Chart, becoming BTS 's first ever Top 10 hit in the country and the highest debut for a Korean act!
Charts/Sales 200828 BTS 'Dynamite' has debuted at #3 on the UK Official Singles Chart, their highest yet
Charts/Sales 200829 Debuting at #2, Dynamite becomes BTS’ highest ARIA Singles Chart peak (Australia)
Charts/Sales 200829 ‘mono’ by RM has reached #1 on iTunes in 118 countries.
Likes 200830 BTS is now the first and only artist in history to have 2 MVs with over 16 million likes on YouTube. (BWL & Dynamite)
Streams 200828 "Dynamite" by @BTS_twt earns the highest first-week debut by a group on Spotify's Weekly Chart (Aug 21-Aug 28) in the platform's history, with 39.9M streams
Views 200826 'Dynamite' has surpassed 200 Million views on Youtube
Views 200826 BTS Becomes the First Asian act in YouTube history to surpass 15 BILLION total views across Official Videos
Views 200828 YouTube Music: We're still dancing 🕺 💜 Congratulations to BTS for shattering all of the records 🎉 101.1 MILLION views in 24 hours on Dynamite!
Other 200830 Headline Planet: BTS Returns To #1 On Global YouTube Artists Chart As “Dynamite” Rules Music Videos, Songs Listings

TinyTAN

Date Link Thread
200828 TinyTAN: This is how we bake up our cuteness! Thread

BT21

Date Link Thread
200826 Just another busy day at BT21 base! 😙 Wonder what #UNISTARS are doing? Thread
200827 Staying patient until that day comes... 💭 Thread
200828 Let's glow up together! We're gonna shine through the city with love and uwu. 💖 Thread

Misc

Date Thread
200824 [Throwback] Two years ago today, BTS released "Love Yourself 結 'Answer'" and music video for title track "IDOL"
200824 [Unconfirmed & denied] K-media update on BTS Universe drama "Blue Sky"
200827 The original version of this scene is a Korean comedian AKA elevator guy from Gangnamstyle
200828 Sculpture for J-hope in Gwangju from Army
200828 OIAA Flash Fundraiser for JK's Birthday

Subreddit

Rolling /bangtan Awards 2020 nomination form

Top Discussion Posts

  1. [+140] Lyrically, what song are you most personally connected to?
  2. [+87] How was BTS sparked your activism?
  3. [+84] Did you have a song where you've been indifferent at first until you saw the live performance?
  4. [+84] Is there an updated book list of what the members have been reading the past year or so?
  5. [+76] What is a time that you cried happy tears for BTS?

Weekly threads

Fanart

Here are past week's top 5 fanart posts from our sister subreddit, /heungtan!
Submitter Thread
kuhleesee My dynamite fanart!
KimKaura B-side has resurrected me
lnconnue My first Procreate painting - Pastel Pink Jin 🧨! I hardly draw anymore and am really out of practice, so I’m happy I managed to finish this ☺️💜💕
bearseatbeets1212 Daechwita Chopsticks I Made 🥰
Dibri_art Here's a BTS fanart I did I hope yall like it 💜
submitted by llaverna to bangtan [link] [comments]


2020.08.30 09:53 sardarbhagat Fifty people who have affected Hindus and Hinduism in a negative way – Francois Gautier

In a recently posted article on François Gautier’s website, he lists the names of 50 people who can be described as enemies of Hindus and Hinduism. He says that he created the list, which is incomplete, without malice aforethought.
Here is the list, 50 Biggest Enemies of Hindus (Dead or Alive), including the reasons he gives to justify his choice of enemies — Editor
Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, who along with a few hundred men, stood his ground against the most powerful emperor of his times, has practically no place in Indian history books and is often described as a petty chieftain or even a plunderer. So is Maharana Pratap, the only Rajput who fought against the Mughals and actually defeated Akbar in Haldighati.
Hindus tend to merge and melt wherever they live—and in the process, lose some of their identities and togetherness. And finally the most deadly and vicious intellectuals that we have reviewed above, are Hindus most of them. They are the ones that should be targeted, in a non-violent but firm manner. – Francois Gautier, 13 June 2016. The list has been edited by a staff writer at Newsgram and again by the editor of Bharata Bharati. See the original here.
submitted by sardarbhagat to IndiaConversionMafia [link] [comments]


2020.08.29 18:18 IdolA29Augl New G-ay On-line Da-ting Too Ma-ny

New G-ay On-line Da-ting Too Ma-ny
Check the Profiles for Free >>>>>>>>>> 🔴►🔴► Dating
Gay Man Dating a Younger Man Gay Man Dating Around You Gay Man Dating Asexual Women Gay Man Dating Ftm Gay Man Dating Mtf Gay Man Dating Profile Gay Man Dating Someone Half My Age Gay Man Dating Success Stories Gay Man Dating Trans Girl Gay Man Dating Trans Man Gay Man Dating Transman Tumblr Gay Man Disability Dating Gay Man Free Dating Sites Gay Man Has Dream About Dating Woman Gay Man Killed After Meeting Man Off Dating Site Gay Man Starts Dating Crush After Becoming a Woman Gay Manila Dating Gay Marine Dating Site Gay Marine Dating Website Gay Marriage in the First Year of Dating Gay Marriage Online Dating Gay Married Dating Site Gay Married Men Willmar Mn Dating Gay Master Dom Dating Sites Gay Match Dating Site Gay Match Vs Okcupid Dating Gay Mature Dating Websites Gay Mature Men Dating Sites Gay Meaning Dating Introduction Gay Meet Guysout of Dating App Gay Men and Narcissist Dating Sites Gay Men and Straight Guys Dating Philippines Gay Men at 60 Dating Gay Men at 30 Gay Men Bdsm Dating Gay Men Boardgame Speed Dating the Friendly Toast September 4 Gay Men Brunswick Ga Dating Sites Gay Men Brunswick Ga Dating Sites James Mowatt Gay Men Dating Baltimore Gay Men Dating Bi Guys Gay Men Dating El Paso Gay Men Dating Grandpas Gay Men Dating Guide Gay Men Dating Hookup Sites Gay Men Dating in Arizona Gay Men Dating in Orlando Gay Men Dating Los Angeles Gay Men Dating Magazine Gay Men Dating Much Younger Gay Men Dating N Malaysia Gay Men Dating New York Gay Men Dating Older Gay Men Dating Older Men Gay Men Dating Over 50 Gay Men Dating Portland Oregon Gay Men Dating Profiles Gay Men Dating Ride Gay Men Dating Rochester Ny Gay Men Dating Scripts Physical Attraction 2019 Gay Men Dating Seniors Gay Men Dating Sites Blacks Gay Men Dating Trans Gay Men Dating Transgender Men Gay Men Dating Transman Gay Men Dating Utica Ny Gay Men Dating Women Hollywood Gay Men Dating Women Reddit Gay Men Dating Younger Guys Gay Men Eager Dating Gay Men for Straight Guys Dating Gay Men Geek to Geek Dating Gay Men Height Dating Gay Men in Alabama Seeking Dating Gay Men League Dating App Gay Men Narcissist Social Dating Sites Gay Men Online Dating Sites Gay Men Phila Dating Gay Men Speed Dating All Ages March 15 Gay Men Speed Dating Yelp Gay Men to Straight Women Dating Advice Comedy Gay Men With Cleft Chin Dating Gay Men With Hiv Dating Site Gay Mennonite Dating Gay Mens Fitness Dating Site Gay Mentally Ill Dating Site Gay Metal Dating Gay Metalheads Dating Gay Mexican Man 25 Dating 50 Year Old Man Gay Mexico Dating Site Gay Miami Dating Gay Middle Eastern Dating Apps Gay Middle Eastern Dating Site Gay Middle Eastern Dating Sites Gay Middle Eastern Man in Boston Rea for Dating Gay Middle School Dating Gay Midget Boys Dating Gay Midget Boys Dating Sites Gay Military Dating Australia Gay Military Dating Online Gay Military Dating Website Gay Military Dating Website Ireland Gay Military Dating Websites Australia Gay Military Dating Websites England Gay Military Dating Websites for 17 Year Olds Gay Military Dating Websites for 17 Year Olds Uk Gay Military Dating Websites in Kolkata Gay Military Dating Websites in Mumbai Gay Military Dating Websites in Usa Gay Military Dating Websites Ireland Gay Military Dating Websites Northern Ireland Gay Military Dating Websites Scotland Gay Military Dating Websites Trinidad Gay Military Online Dating Gay Military Uk Dating Gay Millenial Dating Advice Gay Millennial Dating Advice Gay Millionaire Dating London Gay Millionaire Dating Services Gay Millionaire Dating Websites Gay Millionaire Matchmaker Speed Dating Gay Millionaire Matchmaker Speed Dating Etcetera Etcetera September 4 Gay Millionaires Dating Uk Gay Millionares Dating Gay Mingle2 Dating Site Gay Ministry Dating Site Gay Minnesota Dating Gay Minor Dating Help Gay Mobile Dating Uk Gay Mobile Text Dating Gay Monogamous Dating Gay Montreal Dating Site Gay Movies About Friends Dating Gay Mumbai Dating Sites Gay Musccles Dating Gay Muscle and Bear Dating Sites Gay Muscle Dating App Gay Muscle Worship Dating Gay Muscle Worship Dating Ni Gay Muslim Dating London Gay Naked Dating Pics Gay Naked Dating Uncensored Gay Naked Dating Xvideo Gay Narcissist Social Dating Sites Gay Native American Dating Sites Gay Navy Dating Sites Gay Nazi Dating Gay Neard Dating App Gay Needy Dating Memes Gay Ner Dating Gay Nerd Dating Memes Gay Nerd Dating Sites Gay Nerdy Dating Memes Gay New Dating Site Gay New Zealand Dating Site Gay Newry Dating Gay Niche Dating Sites Gay No Dating App Gay North Korea Dating Gay Norwich Dating Gay Nottingham Dating Gay Nsfw Dating Sim Gay Nsfw Dating Sims on Steam Gay Nsfw Dating Sims on Stem Gay Nude Dating Site Gay Nyc Speed Dating Gay Nylon Dating Gay Nylon Dating Sites Gay Older Dating Reddit Gay Older Dating Site Gay Older Dating Sites Gay Older for Younger Dating Sites Gay Older Men Dating App Gay Older Singles Dating Gay Older Younger Dating Site Gay on Line Dating Ft Wayne Indiana Gay Online Dating 37040 Gay Online Dating Adelaide Gay Online Dating and Chat Gay Online Dating Australia Gay Online Dating Barcelona Gay Online Dating Belfast Gay Online Dating Berlin Gay Online Dating Birmingham Gay Online Dating Blog Gay Online Dating Brisbane Gay Online Dating Calgary Gay Online Dating Cambridge Gay Online Dating Canberra Gay Online Dating Chennai Gay Online Dating Chicago Gay Online Dating China Gay Online Dating Dangers Gay Online Dating Delhi Gay Online Dating Deutschland Gay Online Dating Doesn& 39 Gay Online Dating Doesn't Work Gay Online Dating Dos and Don&(https://top-10000-total-gay-dating.s3.us-east-2.amazonaws.com/index.html)39 Gay Online Dating Dubai Gay Online Dating Edinburgh Gay Online Dating Edmonton Gay Online Dating Europe Gay Online Dating Experience Gay Online Dating Fickle People Gay Online Dating First Message Gay Online Dating France Gay Online Dating Germany Gay Online Dating Hobart Gay Online Dating Hong Kong Gay Online Dating Horror Stories Gay Online Dating in Canada Gay Online Dating in India Gay Online Dating in Manchester Gay Online Dating in South Africa Gay Online Dating in Your 40s Gay Online Dating Ireland Gay Online Dating Isnt Working Gay Online Dating Isnt Working Reddit Gay Online Dating Israel Gay Online Dating Italy Gay Online Dating Japan Gay Online Dating Johannesburg Gay Online Dating Kenya Gay Online Dating Kl Gay Online Dating Leeds Gay Online Dating London Gay Online Dating Manchester Gay Online Dating Melbourne Australia Gay Online Dating Melbourne Reviews Gay Online Dating Melbourne Whirlpool Gay Online Dating Montreal Gay Online Dating Mumbai Gay Online Dating New York Gay Online Dating New Zealand Gay Online Dating Northern Ireland Gay Online Dating Norway Gay Online Dating Not Working Gay Online Dating Nyc Reddit Gay Online Dating Nyc Reviews Gay Online Dating Nz Gay Online Dating Older Gay Online Dating Openers Gay Online Dating Ottawa Gay Online Dating Philadelphia Gay Online Dating Phone Number Gay Online Dating Profile Tips Examples Gay Online Dating Profile Tips for Females Gay Online Dating Profile Tips for Females 2017 Gay Online Dating Profile Tips for Guys Gay Online Dating Profiles Gay Online Dating Racism Gay Online Dating Rules Gay Online Dating Seattle Gay Online Dating Series Gay Online Dating Site for Free Gay Online Dating Site in India Gay Online Dating Site Review Gay Online Dating Sites in India Gay Online Dating Sites in Pakistan Gay Online Dating Sites Reviews Gay Online Dating Sites Uk Gay Online Dating South Yorkshire Gay Online Dating Spain Gay Online Dating Subculture Gay Online Dating Sweden Gay Online Dating Tamil Nadu Gay Online Dating Taunton Gay Online Dating Thailand Gay Online Dating Too Many Fickle Guys Gay Online Dating Toronto Gay Online Dating Tumblr Gay Online Dating Turkey Gay Online Dating Us Gay Online Dating Vancouver Gay Online Dating Walsall Gay Online Dating Websites in Usa Gay Online Dating Weird Asians Gay Online Dating West Yorkshire Gay Online Dating Winnipeg Gay Online Dating Wolverhampton Gay Online Dating Women Gay Online Dating Worldwide Gay Online Groups Dating and Chatting Gay Orthodox Christian Dating Gay Orthodox Christian Dating App Gay Otter Dating Site Gay Over 50 Dating Site Gay Oz Dating Sites Gay Pagan Dating Sites Gay Pagan Dating Uk Gay Palm Springs Dating Websites Gay Paraplegic Dating Gay Partner Cheating Dating Apps Gay Partner Using Dating Apps Gay Party and Play Dating Gay Pastor Dating Easley Sc Gay Pastoral Dating Easley Sc Gay Pastors Dating Online Gay Pastors Dating Site Gay Pastors Dating Site Greenville Sc Gay Pastors Dating Sites Gay Pastors Dating Sites in Greenville Sc Gay Penguins Dating Congratulations Gay People Dating Sites Gay People Dating Themselves Gay People Smaller Dating Pool Gay Person Dating Gay Person Dating Book Gay Person Dating Girl Gay Peru Dating Site Gay Philadelphia Dating Gay Philadelphia Hispanic Dating Gay Philipines Dating Site Gay Philippines Dating Site Gay Phone Dating Numbers Gay Phone Dating Site Gay Phone Dating Vancouver Gay Pig Dating Site Gay Pig Play Dating Gay Pigs Dating Site Gay Piss Fetish Dating Site Gay Platonic Dating Gay Plus Size Men Dating Gay Plymouth Meeting Pa Dating Gay Pnp Dating Gay Pokemon Visual Novel Dating Sim Gay Police Dating Uk Gay Police Officer Dating Site Gay Poly Dating Apps Gay Poly Dating Reddit Gay Poly Dating Site Gay Polyamorous Dating App Gay Polygamist Dating Sites Canada Gay Porn Dating Sim Gay Porn Dating Sim Games Gay Porn Online Dating Gay Porn Star Dating Gay Pornstar Brian on Mtv Dating Show Gay Portland Dating Online Gay Positive Dating Site for Asian Dating Gay Postcode Dating Gay Poz Dating Apps Gay Poz Dating Site Gay Presenter on Celebs Go Dating Gay Pride Dating Site Gay Pride Event Dating Gay Priest Dating Sites Gay Priest Dating Website Gay Prison Dating Sites Gay Prisoners Dating Gay Prisoners Dating Sites Gay Problmes Two Tops Dating Gay Professional Dating Nyc Gay Professional Dating Sites Uk Gay Professional Dating Website Gay Professional Speed Dating London Gay Professionals Dating London Gay Professionals Dating Site Gay Professionals Dating Uk Gay Professionals Speed Dating Gay Psoriasis Dating Gay Punk Dating Site Gay Punks Dating Gay Pup Dating App Gay Quadriplegic Dating Gay Racial Dating Preferences Gay Racism Dating Gay Racism Dating Apps Gay Radar Oline Dating Gay Rancher Dating Gay Receptionist Celebs Go Dating Gay


https://preview.redd.it/vi18tcpkvyj51.jpg?width=199&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=72e274fa37d7b9fe8c8bc4b709fb744482690370
submitted by IdolA29Augl to u/IdolA29Augl [link] [comments]


2020.08.29 18:03 HaulA29Augl G-ay Da-ting Fir-st D-ate

G-ay Da-ting Fir-st D-ate
Check the Profiles for Free >>>>>>>>>> 🔴►🔴► Dating
Gay Dating Apps for Blackberry Z10 Gay Dating Apps for Chasers Gay Dating Apps for Computer Gay Dating Apps for Couples Gay Dating Apps for Ios Gay Dating Apps for Ipad Gay Dating Apps for Iphone 2013 Gay Dating Apps for Iphone Free Gay Dating Apps for Locals Gay Dating Apps for Love Gay Dating Apps for Massachusetts Gay Dating Apps for Middle East Gay Dating Apps for Nokia Gay Dating Apps for Older Men Who Like Younger Men Gay Dating Apps for Quick Hookups Gay Dating Apps for Relationships Bay Area Gay Dating Apps for Relatonships Not Hookups Gay Dating Apps for Savannah Gay Dating Apps for Sex Gay Dating Apps for Sexting Gay Dating Apps for Stroke Patients Gay Dating Apps for Windows 7 Gay Dating Apps for Windows 7 Phone Gay Dating Apps for Windows 8 Gay Dating Apps Googleplay Gay Dating Apps Hk Gay Dating Apps Houston Gay Dating Apps Huffington Post Gay Dating Apps in Cameroon Gay Dating Apps in Delhi Gay Dating Apps in Egypt Gay Dating Apps in Mexico Gay Dating Apps in the Uk Gay Dating Apps Ipad Gay Dating Apps Israel Gay Dating Apps Itunes Gay Dating Apps Like Hornet Gay Dating Apps Lisbon Gay Dating Apps Make Me Depressed Gay Dating Apps Melbourne Gay Dating Apps Mental Health Gay Dating Apps N Seeking Pigs Gay Dating Apps New Alert Gay Dating Apps New York Gay Dating Apps No Facebook Gay Dating Apps No Hookups Gay Dating Apps Nokia Gay Dating Apps Not Grindr Gay Dating Apps Not Grindr Reddit Gay Dating Apps Not Hookup Gay Dating Apps Not Just for Hookups Gay Dating Apps Older Gay Dating Apps on Android Gay Dating Apps on Blackberry Gay Dating Apps on Both Iphone and Android Gay Dating Apps on Facebook Gay Dating Apps on Iphone Gay Dating Apps Other Than Grinder Gay Dating Apps Other Than Grindr Gay Dating Apps Ottawa Gay Dating Apps Pigs Gay Dating Apps Pinknews Gay Dating Apps Popular as Grindr Gay Dating Apps Reviews Gay Dating Apps Schweiz Gay Dating Apps Scruff Gay Dating Apps Shanghai Gay Dating Apps Site Reddit.com Gay Dating Apps Statistics Gay Dating Apps Suck Gay Dating Apps That's Better Than Grindr Gay Dating Apps Thats Better Than Grindr Gay Dating Apps Tips Gay Dating Apps Trans Gay Dating Apps Uganda Gay Dating Apps Uk 2017 Gay Dating Apps Uk 2018 Gay Dating Apps Us Gay Dating Apps Utah Gay Dating Apps Where People Actually Date Gay Dating Apps Which Shows Post Changes Gay Dating Apps Windows Gay Dating Apps Windows 7 Phone Gay Dating Apps Windows 8 Gay Dating Apps With Hotest Guys Gay Dating Apps With Most Users Gay Dating Apps Worth the Money Gay Dating Apps Zambia Gay Dating Aps Tumbr Gay Dating Arab Middle Eastern Men Gay Dating Arkansas Gay Dating Armidale Gay Dating Around Carlisle Pa Gay Dating Around Netflix Gay Dating as a Minority Gay Dating as an Asian Gay Dating Asansol Gay Dating Asheville Gay Dating Ashley Madison Gay Dating Ashtabula County Gay Dating Asian Guys Gay Dating Asian Guys Daddy Gay Dating Asian Guys Daddy Sf Gay Dating Asite La Jolla Gay Dating Asking a Guy Out Gay Dating Astrology Gay Dating at 35 Years Old Gay Dating at 40 Gay Dating at 45 Gay Dating at 50 Gay Dating at Harvard Gay Dating at Kolkata Gay Dating at the Gym Gay Dating Atlanta Impossile Gay Dating Atlantic City Gay Dating Audio Books Gay Dating Augusta Ga Gay Dating Augusta Maine Gay Dating Aurangabad Gay Dating Australia Free Gay Dating Ayr Gay Dating Ballymena Gay Dating Banbury Gay Dating Bandra Gay Dating Bangalore Vivastreet Gay Dating Bangor Maine Gay Dating Bangor Maine 2018 Gay Dating Baroda-topix/ Gay Dating Barrie Gay Dating Bars Gay Dating Bases Gay Dating Basingstoke Gay Dating Bbc Stories Gay Dating Bbm Pins Gay Dating Bbsr Gay Dating Beaumont Tx Gay Dating Belgaum Gay Dating Belize Gay Dating Belleville Ontario Gay Dating Bellingham Gay Dating Bender Vs Gay Dating Benidorm Gay Dating Bergen Gay Dating Bergen Norway Gay Dating Berkeley Gay Dating Berkshire Gay Dating Best App Gay Dating Beverly Hills Gay Dating Bharuch Gay Dating Bhavnagar Gay Dating Bhilai Gay Dating Bhopal Gay Dating Bhubaneswar Gay Dating Big Black Cock Stories Gay Dating Bisexual Guy Reddit Gay Dating Bkk Gay Dating Blackberry Apps Gay Dating Blackburn Gay Dating Blog London Gay Dating Bochum Gay Dating Boise Gay Dating Bologna Gay Dating Bolton Uk Gay Dating Bonaire Gay Dating Books R Gay Dating Books Reddit Gay Dating Bots Gay Dating Bracknell Gay Dating Brampton Gay Dating Brantford Gay Dating Bristol Uk Gay Dating Bromley Gay Dating Bronx Gay Dating Browser Nsfw Gay Dating Bundaberg Gay Dating Buried Penis Gay Dating Burlington Vt Gay Dating Burnley Gay Dating Bury St Edmunds Gay Dating Buzzfeed Gay Dating by Text Gay Dating Calicut Gay Dating California Beaten by Trump Supporter Gay Dating Cambridge Uk Gay Dating Cambridgeshire Gay Dating Canterbury Gay Dating Cape Coral Fl Gay Dating Cape Coral Florida Gay Dating Cape Town Locanto Gay Dating Carlisle Gay Dating Carlow Gay Dating Castleford Gay Dating Cbe Gay Dating Cedar City Ut Gay Dating Cedar Rapids Gay Dating Central Coast Nsw Gay Dating Central London Gay Dating Central Valley Gay Dating Challenges Gay Dating Chandigarh Gay Dating Channel Gay Dating Charlottesville Gay Dating Chat Format Gay Dating Chat Lines Gay Dating Chat Rooms and Porn Sites Gay Dating Chat Websites Gay Dating Chatrooms and Porn Sites Gay Dating Chatrroms Gay Dating Cheltenham Gay Dating Chester Gay Dating Chichester Gay Dating Chubby Chasers Gay Dating Cinnamon_fire Gay Dating Cjatsworth Ca Gay Dating Clacton on Sea Gay Dating Clarksville Tn Gay Dating Co Clare Gay Dating Co Uk Gay Dating Coach Boston Gay Dating Coach Kansas City Gay Dating Coach London Gay Dating Coach Sf Gay Dating Coaching Gay Dating Cochin Gay Dating Cock Pics Gay Dating Code Words Gay Dating College Advice Gay Dating College Station Gay Dating Com Safe Gay Dating Coming on Too Strong Gay Dating Communication Gay Dating Computer App Gay Dating Conneaut Ohio Gay Dating Conversation Topics Gay Dating Cork City Gay Dating Cornwall Uk Gay Dating Costa Del Sol Gay Dating Cowboys Gay Dating Craigavon Gay Dating Cruise Gay Dating Culture Gay Dating Culture in Munich Gay Dating Cuttack Gay Dating Darlington Gay Dating Davao Gay Dating Dayton Ohio Gay Dating Deal Breakers Gay Dating Dealing With Rejection Gay Dating Decoded Gay Dating Delgi Gay Dating Delhi Ncr Gay Dating Delhi Topix Gay Dating Delray Beach Gay Dating Dentist Gay Dating Denton Tx Gay Dating Depression Gay Dating Derby Gay Dating Derbyshire Gay Dating Derry Gay Dating Desktop Gay Dating Dfw Gay Dating Dharmapuri Gay Dating Differences Gay Dating Difficulties Reddit Gay Dating Difficulty Gay Dating Disabled Gay Dating Disappointment Gay Dating Discord Severs Gay Dating Distinct Gay Dating Dites Robert Brown Diktek Gay Dating Dl Gay Dating Doctor Gay Dating Documentary Gay Dating Does He Like Me Gay Dating Does the Top Propose Gay Dating Doms Gay Dating Don'ts Gay Dating Dos and Don& 39 Gay Dating Dothan Gay Dating Dothan Al Gay Dating Dripling Springs Gay Dating Dumfries Gay Dating Dumfries and Galloway Gay Dating Dunedin Gay Dating Durgapur Gay Dating Durham Uk Gay Dating Dusseldorf Gay Dating Dwarka Mod Gay Dating Dynamics Gay Dating Early Stages Gay Dating East Delhi Gay Dating East London Gay Dating East Sussex Gay Dating Eastern Europe Gay Dating Eksi Gay Dating Elite Gay Dating Elmira Ny Gay Dating en Cali Valle Gay Dating en Cali Valle Rafael Colonia Gay Dating Enfield Gay Dating Enniskillen Gay Dating Erie Pa Gay Dating Erode Gay Dating Espana Gay Dating España Gay Dating Estonia Gay Dating Evansville in Gay Dating Event Gay Dating Events Birmingham Gay Dating Events Brisbane Gay Dating Events Canberra Gay Dating Events Dc Gay Dating Events Denver Co Gay Dating Events in Nyc Gay Dating Events Manchester Gay Dating Events St Louis Gay Dating Events Sydney Gay Dating Facebook App Gay Dating Falkirk Wheel Gay Dating Falling in Love Gay Dating Fargo Gay Dating Faridabad Gay Dating Faroe Islands Gay Dating Fayetteville Nc Gay Dating Fife Gay Dating First Date Gay Dating First Date Advice Gay Dating First Kiss Gay Dating First Message Gay Dating First Month Gay Dating Flagstaff Gay Dating Flowerd for Second Date Gay Dating Flowers Gay Dating for 11 Year Olds Gay Dating for 19 Year Olds in Utah Gay Dating for 20 Year Olds Gay Dating for 30's and 40's Gay Dating for Android Gay Dating for Blac Free of Charge Gay Dating for Black Free of Charge Gay Dating for Blackberry Gay Dating for Boy Lovers Gay Dating for Boylovers Gay Dating for Boylovers Who Date Other Boylovers Gay Dating for College Students Gay Dating for Couple Gay Dating for Iphone Gay Dating for Love Gay Dating for Ltr Gay Dating for Marriage Gay Dating for Men Ober 40 Gay Dating for Men Over 40 Gay Dating for Nerds Gay Dating for Relationship Apps for Local People Gay Dating for Relationships Gay Dating for Sissies Gay Dating for Socially Anxious Gay Dating for Teens Advice Gay Dating for Twinks Gay Dating for Virgins Gay Dating for Windows Phone Gay Dating for Youth Gay Dating Forever Gay Dating Fort Collins Gay Dating Fort Mcmurray Gay Dating Fort Worth Texas Gay Dating Frederick Md Gay Dating Frederivk Gay Dating Free Canada Gay Dating Free Gay Dating Gay Dating Free Messaging Gay Dating Free Search Gay Dating Free State Gay Dating Free Uk Gay Dating Free Usa Gay Dating Friend Zone Gay Dating Friendzonw Gay Dating Frustrating Gay Dating Ft Lauderdale Gay Dating Ft Myers Gay Dating Ft Myers Fl Gay Dating Ftm Reddit Gay Dating Gainesville Fl Gay Dating Galashiels Gay Dating Gambia Gay Dating Game Android Gay Dating Game App Ios Gay Dating Game Apps Gay Dating Game Ios Gay Dating Game Show Orgy Gay Dating Game Voice Actor Gay Dating Game With Masseurs Gay Dating Games Free Online Gay Dating Games Ios Gay Dating Games on Steam Gay Dating Games Porn Gay Dating Gandhidham Gay Dating Gatineau Gay Dating Gauteng Gay Dating Geeks


https://preview.redd.it/89z1woz0tyj51.jpg?width=275&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=2992bb45cd0e1cd0c7af0ddcd2592504f167474e
submitted by HaulA29Augl to u/HaulA29Augl [link] [comments]


2020.08.28 20:15 azoundria2 How To End The Cryptocurrency Exchange "Wild West" Without Crippling Innovation


In case you haven't noticed the consultation paper, staff notice, and report on Quadriga, regulators are now clamping down on Canadian cryptocurrency exchanges. The OSC and other regulatory bodies are still interested in industry feedback. They have not put forward any official regulation yet. Below are some ideas/insights and a proposed framework.



Many of you have limited time to read the full proposal, so here are the highlights:

Offline Multi-Signature

Effective standards to prevent both internal and external theft. Exchange operators are trained and certified, and have a legal responsibility to users.

Regular Transparent Audits

Provides visibility to Canadians that their funds are fully backed on the exchange, while protecting privacy and sensitive platform information.

Insurance Requirements

Establishment of basic insurance standards/strategy, to expand over time. Removing risk to exchange users of any hot wallet theft.


Background and Justifications


Cold Storage Custody/Management
After reviewing close to 100 cases, all thefts tend to break down into more or less the same set of problems:
• Funds stored online or in a smart contract,
• Access controlled by one person or one system,
• 51% attacks (rare),
• Funds sent to the wrong address (also rare), or
• Some combination of the above.
For the first two cases, practical solutions exist and are widely implemented on exchanges already. Offline multi-signature solutions are already industry standard. No cases studied found an external theft or exit scam involving an offline multi-signature wallet implementation. Security can be further improved through minimum numbers of signatories, background checks, providing autonomy and legal protections to each signatory, establishing best practices, and a training/certification program.
The last two transaction risks occur more rarely, and have never resulted in a loss affecting the actual users of the exchange. In all cases to date where operators made the mistake, they've been fully covered by the exchange platforms.
• 51% attacks generally only occur on blockchains with less security. The most prominent cases have been Bitcoin Gold and Ethereum Classic. The simple solution is to enforce deposit limits and block delays such that a 51% attack is not cost-effective.
• The risk of transactions to incorrect addresses can be eliminated by a simple test transaction policy on large transactions. By sending a small amount of funds prior to any large withdrawals/transfers as a standard practice, the accuracy of the wallet address can be validated.
The proposal covers all loss cases and goes beyond, while avoiding significant additional costs, risks, and limitations which may be associated with other frameworks like SOC II.

On The Subject of Third Party Custodians
Many Canadian platforms are currently experimenting with third party custody. From the standpoint of the exchange operator, they can liberate themselves from some responsibility of custody, passing that off to someone else. For regulators, it puts crypto in similar categorization to oil, gold, and other commodities, with some common standards. Platform users would likely feel greater confidence if the custodian was a brand they recognized. If the custodian was knowledgeable and had a decent team that employed multi-sig, they could keep assets safe from internal theft. With the right protections in place, this could be a great solution for many exchanges, particularly those that lack the relevant experience or human resources for their own custody systems.
However, this system is vulnerable to anyone able to impersonate the exchange operators. You may have a situation where different employees who don't know each other that well are interacting between different companies (both the custodian and all their customers which presumably isn't just one exchange). A case study of what can go wrong in this type of environment might be Bitpay, where the CEO was tricked out of 5000 bitcoins over 3 separate payments by a series of emails sent legitimately from a breached computer of another company CEO. It's also still vulnerable to the platform being compromised, as in the really large $70M Bitfinex hack, where the third party Bitgo held one key in a multi-sig wallet. The hacker simply authorized the withdrawal using the same credentials as Bitfinex (requesting Bitgo to sign multiple withdrawal transactions). This succeeded even with the use of multi-sig and two heavily security-focused companies, due to the lack of human oversight (basically, hot wallet). Of course, you can learn from these cases and improve the security, but so can hackers improve their deception and at the end of the day, both of these would have been stopped by the much simpler solution of a qualified team who knew each other and employed multi-sig with properly protected keys. It's pretty hard to beat a human being who knows the business and the typical customer behaviour (or even knows their customers personally) at spotting fraud, and the proposed multi-sig means any hacker has to get through the scrutiny of 3 (or more) separate people, all of whom would have proper training including historical case studies.
There are strong arguments both for and against using use of third party custodians. The proposal sets mandatory minimum custody standards would apply regardless if the cold wallet signatories are exchange operators, independent custodians, or a mix of both.

On The Subject Of Insurance
ShakePay has taken the first steps into this new realm (congratulations). There is no question that crypto users could be better protected by the right insurance policies, and it certainly feels better to transact with insured platforms. The steps required to obtain insurance generally place attention in valuable security areas, and in this case included a review from CipherTrace. One of the key solutions in traditional finance comes from insurance from entities such as the CDIC.
However, historically, there wasn't found any actual insurance payout to any cryptocurrency exchange, and there are notable cases where insurance has not paid. With Bitpay, for example, the insurance agent refused because the issue happened to the third party CEO's computer instead of anything to do with Bitpay itself. With the Youbit exchange in South Korea, their insurance claim was denied, and the exchange ultimately ended up instead going bankrupt with all user's funds lost. To quote Matt Johnson in the original Lloyd's article: “You can create an insurance policy that protects no one – you know there are so many caveats to the policy that it’s not super protective.”
ShakePay's insurance was only reported to cover their cold storage, and “physical theft of the media where the private keys are held”. Physical theft has never, in the history of cryptocurrency exchange cases reviewed, been reported as the cause of loss. From the limited information of the article, ShakePay made it clear their funds are in the hands of a single US custodian, and at least part of their security strategy is to "decline[] to confirm the custodian’s name on the record". While this prevents scrutiny of the custodian, it's pretty silly to speculate that a reasonably competent hacking group couldn't determine who the custodian is. A far more common infiltration strategy historically would be social engineering, which has succeeded repeatedly. A hacker could trick their way into ShakePay's systems and request a fraudulent withdrawal, impersonate ShakePay and request the custodian to move funds, or socially engineer their way into the custodian to initiate the withdrawal of multiple accounts (a payout much larger than ShakePay) exploiting the standard procedures (for example, fraudulently initiating or override the wallet addresses of a real transfer). In each case, nothing was physically stolen and the loss is therefore not covered by insurance.
In order for any insurance to be effective, clear policies have to be established about what needs to be covered. Anything short of that gives Canadians false confidence that they are protected when they aren't in any meaningful way. At this time, the third party insurance market does not appear to provide adequate options or coverage, and effort is necessary to standardize custody standards, which is a likely first step in ultimately setting up an insurance framework.
A better solution compared to third party insurance providers might be for Canadian exchange operators to create their own collective insurance fund, or a specific federal organization similar to the CDIC. Such an organization would have a greater interest or obligation in paying out actual cases, and that would be it's purpose rather than maximizing it's own profit. This would be similar to the SAFU which Binance has launched, except it would cover multiple exchanges. There is little question whether the SAFU would pay out given a breach of Binance, and a similar argument could be made for a insurance fund managed by a collective of exchange operators or a government organization. While a third party insurance provider has the strong market incentive to provide the absolute minimum coverage and no market incentive to payout, an entity managed by exchange operators would have incentive to protect the reputation of exchange operators/the industry, and the government should have the interest of protecting Canadians.

On The Subject of Fractional Reserve
There is a long history of fractional reserve failures, from the first banks in ancient times, through the great depression (where hundreds of fractional reserve banks failed), right through to the 2008 banking collapse referenced in the first bitcoin block. The fractional reserve system allows banks to multiply the money supply far beyond the actual cash (or other assets) in existence, backed only by a system of debt obligations of others. Safely supporting a fractional reserve system is a topic of far greater complexity than can be addressed by a simple policy, and when it comes to cryptocurrency, there is presently no entity reasonably able to bail anyone out in the event of failure. Therefore, this framework is addressed around entities that aim to maintain 100% backing of funds.
There may be some firms that desire but have failed to maintain 100% backing. In this case, there are multiple solutions, including outside investment, merging with other exchanges, or enforcing a gradual restoration plan. All of these solutions are typically far better than shutting down the exchange, and there are multiple cases where they've been used successfully in the past.

Proof of Reserves/Transparency/Accountability
Canadians need to have visibility into the backing on an ongoing basis.
The best solution for crypto-assets is a Proof of Reserve. Such ideas go back all the way to 2013, before even Mt. Gox. However, no Canadian exchange has yet implemented such a system, and only a few international exchanges (CoinFloor in the UK being an example) have. Many firms like Kraken, BitBuy, and now ShakePay use the Proof of Reserve term to refer to lesser proofs which do not actually cryptographically prove the full backing of all user assets on the blockchain. In order for a Proof of Reserve to be effective, it must actually be a complete proof, and it needs to be understood by the public that is expected to use it. Many firms have expressed reservations about the level of transparency required in a complete Proof of Reserve (for example Kraken here). While a complete Proof of Reserves should be encouraged, and there are some solutions in the works (ie TxQuick), this is unlikely to be suitable universally for all exchange operators and users.
Given the limitations, and that firms also manage fiat assets, a more traditional audit process makes more sense. Some Canadian exchanges (CoinSquare, CoinBerry) have already subjected themselves to annual audits. However, these results are not presently shared publicly, and there is no guarantee over the process including all user assets or the integrity and independence of the auditor. The auditor has been typically not known, and in some cases, the identity of the auditor is protected by a NDA. Only in one case (BitBuy) was an actual report generated and publicly shared. There has been no attempt made to validate that user accounts provided during these audits have been complete or accurate. A fraudulent fractional exchange, or one which had suffered a breach they were unwilling to publicly accept (see CoinBene), could easily maintain a second set of books for auditors or simply exclude key accounts to pass an individual audit.
The proposed solution would see a reporting standard which includes at a minimum - percentage of backing for each asset relative to account balances and the nature of how those assets are stored, with ownership proven by the auditor. The auditor would also publicly provide a "hash list", which they independently generate from the accounts provided by the exchange. Every exchange user can then check their information against this public "hash list". A hash is a one-way form of encryption, which fully protects the private information, yet allows anyone who knows that information already to validate that it was included. Less experienced users can take advantage of public tools to calculate the hash from their information (provided by the exchange), and thus have certainty that the auditor received their full balance information. Easy instructions can be provided.
Auditors should be impartial, their identities and process public, and they should be rotated so that the same auditor is never used twice in a row. Balancing the cost of auditing against the needs for regular updates, a 6 month cycle likely makes the most sense.

Hot Wallet Management
The best solution for hot wallets is not to use them. CoinBerry reportedly uses multi-sig on all withdrawals, and Bitmex is an international example known for their structure devoid of hot wallets.
However, many platforms and customers desire fast withdrawal processes, and human validation has a cost of time and delay in this process.
A model of self-insurance or separate funds for hot wallets may be used in these cases. Under this model, a platform still has 100% of their client balance in cold storage and holds additional funds in hot wallets for quick withdrawal. Thus, the risk of those hot wallets is 100% on exchange operators and not affecting the exchange users. Since most platforms typically only have 1%-5% in hot wallets at any given time, it shouldn't be unreasonable to build/maintain these additional reserves over time using exchange fees or additional investment. Larger withdrawals would still be handled at regular intervals from the cold storage.
Hot wallet risks have historically posed a large risk and there is no established standard to guarantee secure hot wallets. When the government of South Korea dispatched security inspections to multiple exchanges, the results were still that 3 of them got hacked after the inspections. If standards develop such that an organization in the market is willing to insure the hot wallets, this could provide an acceptable alternative. Another option may be for multiple exchange operators to pool funds aside for a hot wallet insurance fund. Comprehensive coverage standards must be established and maintained for all hot wallet balances to make sure Canadians are adequately protected.

Current Draft Proposal

(1) Proper multi-signature cold wallet storage.
(a) Each private key is the personal and legal responsibility of one person - the “signatory”. Signatories have special rights and responsibilities to protect user assets. Signatories are trained and certified through a course covering (1) past hacking and fraud cases, (2) proper and secure key generation, and (3) proper safekeeping of private keys. All private keys must be generated and stored 100% offline by the signatory. If even one private keys is ever breached or suspected to be breached, the wallet must be regenerated and all funds relocated to a new wallet.
(b) All signatories must be separate background-checked individuals free of past criminal conviction. Canadians should have a right to know who holds their funds. All signing of transactions must take place with all signatories on Canadian soil or on the soil of a country with a solid legal system which agrees to uphold and support these rules (from an established white-list of countries which expands over time).
(c) 3-5 independent signatures are required for any withdrawal. There must be 1-3 spare signatories, and a maximum of 7 total signatories. The following are all valid combinations: 3of4, 3of5, 3of6, 4of5, 4of6, 4of7, 5of6, or 5of7.
(d) A security audit should be conducted to validate the cold wallet is set up correctly and provide any additional pertinent information. The primary purpose is to ensure that all signatories are acting independently and using best practices for private key storage. A report summarizing all steps taken and who did the audit will be made public. Canadians must be able to validate the right measures are in place to protect their funds.
(e) There is a simple approval process if signatories wish to visit any country outside Canada, with a potential whitelist of exempt countries. At most 2 signatories can be outside of aligned jurisdiction at any given time. All exchanges would be required to keep a compliant cold wallet for Canadian funds and have a Canadian office if they wish to serve Canadian customers.
(2) Regular and transparent solvency audits.
(a) An audit must be conducted at founding, after 3 months of operation, and at least once every 6 months to compare customer balances against all stored cryptocurrency and fiat balances. The auditor must be known, independent, and never the same twice in a row.
(b) An audit report will be published featuring the steps conducted in a readable format. This should be made available to all Canadians on the exchange website and on a government website. The report must include what percentage of each customer asset is backed on the exchange, and how those funds are stored.
(c) The auditor will independently produce a hash of each customer's identifying information and balance as they perform the audit. This will be made publicly available on the exchange and government website, along with simplified instructions that each customer can use to verify that their balance was included in the audit process.
(d) The audit needs to include a proof of ownership for any cryptocurrency wallets included. A satoshi test (spending a small amount) or partially signed transaction both qualify.
(e) Any platform without 100% reserves should be assessed on a regular basis by a government or industry watchdog. This entity should work to prevent any further drop, support any private investor to come in, or facilitate a merger so that 100% backing can be obtained as soon as possible.
(3) Protections for hot wallets and transactions.
(a) A standardized list of approved coins and procedures will be established to constitute valid cold storage wallets. Where a multi-sig process is not natively available, efforts will be undertaken to establish a suitable and stable smart contract standard. This list will be expanded and improved over time. Coins and procedures not on the list are considered hot wallets.
(b) Hot wallets can be backed by additional funds in cold storage or an acceptable third-party insurance provider with a comprehensive coverage policy.
(c) Exchanges are required to cover the full balance of all user funds as denominated in the same currency, or double the balance as denominated in bitcoin or CAD using an established trading rate. If the balance is ever insufficient due to market movements, the firm must rectify this within 24 hours by moving assets to cold storage or increasing insurance coverage.
(d) Any large transactions (above a set threshold) from cold storage to any new wallet addresses (not previously transacted with) must be tested with a smaller transaction first. Deposits of cryptocurrency must be limited to prevent economic 51% attacks. Any issues are to be covered by the exchange.
(e) Exchange platforms must provide suitable authentication for users, including making available approved forms of two-factor authentication. SMS-based authentication is not to be supported. Withdrawals must be blocked for 48 hours in the event of any account password change. Disputes on the negligence of exchanges should be governed by case law.

Steps Forward

Continued review of existing OSC feedback is still underway. More feedback and opinions on the framework and ideas as presented here are extremely valuable. The above is a draft and not finalized.
The process of further developing and bringing a suitable framework to protect Canadians will require the support of exchange operators, legal experts, and many others in the community. The costs of not doing such are tremendous. A large and convoluted framework, one based on flawed ideas or implementation, or one which fails to properly safeguard Canadians is not just extremely expensive and risky for all Canadians, severely limiting to the credibility and reputation of the industry, but an existential risk to many exchanges.
The responsibility falls to all of us to provide our insight and make our opinions heard on this critical matter. Please take the time to give your thoughts.
submitted by azoundria2 to QuadrigaInitiative [link] [comments]


2020.08.28 19:31 IdolA28Augl Be-ar G-ay in Da-ting Si-te Tu-mblr

Be-ar G-ay in Da-ting Si-te Tu-mblr
Check the Profiles for Free >>>>>>>>>> 🔴►🔴► Dating
Ba Gay Dating Site Backpage Alternative Gay Friendship Dating Bacolod Gay Dating Bad Gay Dating Bad Gay Dating Pictures Bad Gay Dating Sites Badoo Gay Dating Site Baha I Gay Dating Bahamas Gay Dating Site Bakla Gay Dating Bald Gay Dating Baldwin Brother Gay Doctor Dating Quarterback Baldwin Gay Doctor Dating Quarterback Ballad of Gay Tony Dating Guide Ballad of Gay Tony Dating Online Ballad of Gay Tony Internet Dating Ballad of Gay Tony Online Dating Ballarat Gay Dating Bangalore Gay Dating Places Bangalore Gay Dating Topix Bangkok Gay Dating App Banglore Gay Dating Site Bangor Gay Dating Barasat Gay Dating Barcelona Gay Online Dating Bareback Dating Fuck Gay Bareilly Gay Dating Baroda Gay Dating Barrie Gay Dating Basingstoke Gay Dating Bath Gay Dating Batumi Gay Dating Bauchi Gay Dating Baytown Tx Gay Dating Alden Bbsr Gay Dating Bbsr Gay Dating Site Bdsm Kinky Fetish Dating & Gay Chat Oo Beantownbottom Gay Dating Bear Dating Gay Sites Bear Forest Gay Dating Bear Gay Dating Site Tumblr Bearhugger Gay Dating Beautiful People Gay Dating Being Gay and Dating Being Gay and Dating a Trandmale Being Gay and Dating a Trans Person Being Gay and Dating in High School Beirut Gay Dating Belgaum Gay Dating Belgian Gay Dating Site Belgium Gay Dating App Belgium Gay Dating Site Belize Gay Dating Site Bellary Gay Dating Bender - Gay Dating Itunes Bender Gay Dating Apk Bender Gay Dating Site Benidorm Gay Dating Bergen Gay Dating Berlin Gay Dating Sites Bespoke Gay Dating Bespoke Gay Dating London Best 100 Free Gay Dating Sites Best Abdl Gay Daddy and Baby Boy Dating Best Abdl Gay Daddy Boy Dating Best African Gay Dating Sites Best App Gay Dating 2015 Best Apps for Gay Single Only Dating Best Apps for Gay Singles Only Dating Best Arab Gay Dating Sites Best Asian Gay Dating Site Best Australian Gay Dating Site Best Books on Gay Dating Best Cities for Monogamous Gay Dating Best Cities for Monogmus Gay Dating Best Dating App for Gay College Best Dating App for Gay Menyoung Adults Best Dating App for Gay Trans Men Best Dating App for Hiv Positive Gay Men Best Dating App for Young Gay Men Best Dating App Gay New Beginner Best Dating App to Find Gay Young Men Best Dating App Young Gay Guys Best Dating Apps 2018 Gay Best Dating Apps for Gay Couples Best Dating Apps for Gay Men Over 40 Best Dating Apps for Gays 2017 Best Dating Apps Uk Gay Best Dating Cities for Gays Best Dating Description for Gay Best Dating Gay Best Dating Marriage for Indian South Asian Gay Best Dating Site for Interracial Gay Couples Best Dating Site for Longterm Gay Relationships Best Dating Site for Older Gay Hiv Pos Men Best Dating Site for Senior Gay Men Best Dating Sites for Black Gay Men Best Dating Sites for Gay Females Best Dating Sites for Gay Men Free Best Dating Sites for Gay Men Looking for Love Best Dating Sites for Gay Men Looking for Mariage Best Dating Sites for Gay Men Over 40 Best Dating Sites for Gay Men Relationshios Best Dating Sites for Gay People Best Dating Sites for Older Gay Men Best Dating Sites for Serious Gay Relationship Best Dating Sites Gay Uk Best Dating Sites Uk Gay Best Discreet Gay Dating Site Best Discrete Gay Dating App Best Free Dating App for Gay Guys Best Free Dating Site for Gay Best Free Dating Site Gay Best Free Dating Sites Gay Best Free Gay Casual Encounters Dating Site Best Free Gay Catholic Dating App Best Free Gay Dating App 2013 Best Free Gay Dating App Android Best Free Gay Dating Apps 2015 Best Free Gay Dating Apps 2016 Best Free Gay Dating Apps 2017 Best Free Gay Dating Online Best Free Gay Dating Site Canada Best Free Gay Dating Site Uk Best Free Gay Dating Sites 2016 Best Free Gay Dating Sites 2017 Best Free Gay Dating Sites in India Best Free Gay Dating Sites Uk Best Free Gay Dating Sites2019 Best Free Gay Dating Uk Best Free Gay Male Dating Sites Best Free Online Gay Dating Site Best Free Online Gay Dating Sites for Serious Relationships Best Free Online Gay Dating Sites for Serious Relationships 2018 Best Friend is Gay Dating Best Gay and Lesbian Dating Site Best Gay and Lesbian Dating Sites Best Gay Android Dating Sites Best Gay Bdsm Dating Best Gay Bear and Chaser Dating Sites for Arizona Best Gay Bear Dating App Reddit Best Gay Bear Dating Site Best Gay Bear Dating Site Free Best Gay Bear Dating Sites Best Gay Bi Dating App Best Gay Bi Dating Sites Best Gay Black Dating Sites Best Gay Catholic Dating App Best Gay Christian Dating Apps Best Gay Christian Dating Site Best Gay Cocksucking Dating Sites Best Gay Daddy Abdl Dating Best Gay Daddy Boy Abdl Dating Best Gay Dating 2013 Best Gay Dating 2018 Best Gay Dating a S Best Gay Dating App 2015 Best Gay Dating App 2018 Reddit Best Gay Dating App 2018 Uk Best Gay Dating App About Me Bios Best Gay Dating App Belgium Best Gay Dating App Berlin Best Gay Dating App Boston Best Gay Dating App Chicago Best Gay Dating App Delhi Best Gay Dating App Denver Best Gay Dating App Dubai Best Gay Dating App for Actual Dates Best Gay Dating App for Blackberry Best Gay Dating App for Cubs Best Gay Dating App for Dating Best Gay Dating App for Long Term Best Gay Dating App for Men Best Gay Dating App for Nerds Best Gay Dating App for Something Real Not Hookups Best Gay Dating App Hawaii Best Gay Dating App Hong Kong Best Gay Dating App in Asia Best Gay Dating App in Chennai Best Gay Dating App in Chicago Best Gay Dating App in Connecticut Best Gay Dating App in Delhi Best Gay Dating App in Dubai Best Gay Dating App in Egypt Best Gay Dating App in Malaysia Best Gay Dating App in Mumbai Best Gay Dating App in Philippines Best Gay Dating App in Spain Best Gay Dating App in the Philippines Best Gay Dating App in Us Best Gay Dating App Ios Best Gay Dating App Ireland Best Gay Dating App Mexico Best Gay Dating App Middle East Best Gay Dating App Nederland Best Gay Dating App Netherlands Best Gay Dating App New Beginner Best Gay Dating App New York Best Gay Dating App Nicknames Best Gay Dating App on Android Best Gay Dating App on Iphone Best Gay Dating App Reddit 2019 Best Gay Dating App Rransgender Best Gay Dating App South Africa Best Gay Dating App Switzerland Best Gay Dating App to Meet Twinks Best Gay Dating App Uk 2017 Best Gay Dating App Uk 2018 Best Gay Dating Apps 2013 Best Gay Dating Apps 2014 Best Gay Dating Apps 2017 Uk Best Gay Dating Apps 2018 Reddit Best Gay Dating Apps 2018 Uk Best Gay Dating Apps 2019 South Africa Best Gay Dating Apps 2019 Utah Best Gay Dating Apps and Sites Best Gay Dating Apps Australia 2018 Best Gay Dating Apps Couples Best Gay Dating Apps Europe Best Gay Dating Apps for Hiv Plus Best Gay Dating Apps for Ipad Best Gay Dating Apps for Iphone 2012 Best Gay Dating Apps for Men Best Gay Dating Apps for Trans Men Best Gay Dating Apps for Windows Phone Best Gay Dating Apps for Women Best Gay Dating Apps in India Quora Best Gay Dating Apps in Usa Best Gay Dating Apps Ios Best Gay Dating Apps New York Best Gay Dating Apps on Android Best Gay Dating Apps Pensacola Fl Best Gay Dating Apps Phoenix Best Gay Dating Apps Seattle Best Gay Dating Apps Sf Best Gay Dating Apps Spain Best Gay Dating Apps Uk 2017 Best Gay Dating Apps Uk 2018 Best Gay Dating Apps Usa Best Gay Dating Apps Women Best Gay Dating Blogs Best Gay Dating Books Best Gay Dating Cleveland Best Gay Dating Headlines Best Gay Dating Hookup Apps Best Gay Dating in Michigan Best Gay Dating Ios Apps Best Gay Dating Iphone Best Gay Dating Ireland Best Gay Dating London Best Gay Dating Marriage for Indian South Asian Gay Best Gay Dating Melbourne Best Gay Dating Nyc Best Gay Dating Online Sites Best Gay Dating Phone Apps Best Gay Dating Reddit Best Gay Dating Service for Gay Men Best Gay Dating Shows Best Gay Dating Sight Best Gay Dating Simulator Best Gay Dating Site 2013 Best Gay Dating Site App Best Gay Dating Site Europe Best Gay Dating Site Ever Best Gay Dating Site for Couples Best Gay Dating Site for Free Best Gay Dating Site for Hairy Men Lovers Best Gay Dating Site for Older Men Best Gay Dating Site for Professionals in Louisville Best Gay Dating Site for Seniors Best Gay Dating Site Germany Best Gay Dating Site in 2019 Best Gay Dating Site in Canada Best Gay Dating Site in Delhi Best Gay Dating Site in France Best Gay Dating Site in Kolkata Best Gay Dating Site in London Best Gay Dating Site in Mumbai Best Gay Dating Site in Nigeria Best Gay Dating Site in South Africa Best Gay Dating Site in Uk Best Gay Dating Site Lansing Mi Best Gay Dating Site London Best Gay Dating Site Los Angeles Dodgers Best Gay Dating Site Los Angeles Dodgers Schedule Best Gay Dating Site Melbourne Best Gay Dating Site Montreal Best Gay Dating Site Nz Best Gay Dating Site Older Men Best Gay Dating Site Philippines Best Gay Dating Site Relationship Best Gay Dating Site Reviews Best Gay Dating Site South Africa Best Gay Dating Site Us Best Gay Dating Site Vancouver Best Gay Dating Sites 2014 Best Gay Dating Sites 2017 Fort Collins Co Best Gay Dating Sites Apps for Relationships Best Gay Dating Sites Daddy Best Gay Dating Sites for Black Men Best Gay Dating Sites for Free Best Gay Dating Sites for Friends With Benefits Best Gay Dating Sites for Hookup Best Gay Dating Sites for India Best Gay Dating Sites for Kinky Sex Best Gay Dating Sites for Ltr Best Gay Dating Sites for Men Best Gay Dating Sites for Men Over 40 Best Gay Dating Sites for Older Men Best Gay Dating Sites for Pc Best Gay Dating Sites for Pic Best Gay Dating Sites for Under 18 Best Gay Dating Sites Germany Best Gay Dating Sites in Europe Best Gay Dating Sites in Ireland Best Gay Dating Sites in Kenya Best Gay Dating Sites in New Jersey Best Gay Dating Sites in the Uk Best Gay Dating Sites in the World Best Gay Dating Sites London Best Gay Dating Sites Not for Hook Up Best Gay Dating Sites Nyc Best Gay Dating Sites Nz Best Gay Dating Sites of India Best Gay Dating Sites Philippines Best Gay Dating Sites Reddit Best Gay Dating Sites South Africa Best Gay Dating Sites Sydney Best Gay Dating Sites Us Best Gay Dating Sites Yahoo Best Gay Dating Sites Yahoo Answers Best Gay Dating Sites/apps Best Gay Dating Sydney Best Gay Dating Tinder Best Gay Dating Tips Best Gay Dating Usa Best Gay Dating Websitw Best Gay Filipino Dating App Best Gay Free Dating App Best Gay Free Dating Site Best Gay Friendly Dating Sites Best Gay Girl Dating Sites Best Gay Girl Only Dating Sites Best Gay Hiv Friendly Dating Sites Best Gay International Dating Sites Best Gay Jewish Dating Sites Best Gay Kink Dating Best Gay Lesbian Dating Apps Best Gay Male Dating Site in Israel Best Gay Men Dating Site Best Gay Men Dating Sites Best Gay Mens Dating Sites Best Gay Military Dating Site Best Gay Mobile Dating Apps Best Gay Online Dating App Best Gay Online Dating Service Best Gay Online Dating Sites Australia Best Gay Online Dating Sites for Relationships Uk Best Gay Online Dating Sites for Relationships Uk Statistics Best Gay Online Dating Sites for Serious Relationships Best Gay Online Dating Sites for Serious Relationships Canada Best Gay Online Dating Sites for Serious Relationships Uk Best Gay Relationship Dating Site Best Gay Relationships Dating Sites Best Gay Retired Dating Sites Best Gay Senior Bear Dating Apps Best Gay Sugar Daddy Dating Sites Free Best Gay Sugar Daddy Sugar Baby Dating Apps Best Gay Uk Dating Sites Best Gay Us Dating Sites Best Hard Core S&m Gay Dating App Best Hiv Gay Dating Best International Gay Dating Best Interracial Gay ng

https://preview.redd.it/6urkkgxo3sj51.jpg?width=299&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=a0f7355a7d0553fc3cd5c8e991c8fe110a25cfe6
submitted by IdolA28Augl to u/IdolA28Augl [link] [comments]


2020.08.28 19:16 IdolA28Augl G-ay Da-ting Matc-hmaker

G-ay Da-ting Matc-hmaker
Check the Profiles for Free >>>>>>>>>> 🔴►🔴► Dating
Gay Christian Dating Online Gay Christian Dating Service Gay Christian Dating Services Gay Christian Dating Site Australia Gay Christian Dating Uk Gay Christian Singles Dating Gay Christian Singles Dating Site Gay Chubby Chaser Dating Gay Chubby Chaser Dating App Gay Chubby Chaser Dating Site Gay Chubby Chaser Dating Sites Gay Closet Dating Gay College Dating App Gay College Dating Site Gay Com Dating Site Gay Community Dating Gay Community Dating Sites Gay Conservative Dating Gay Cop Dating Gay Cop Dating App Gay Country Dating Gay Country Dating App Gay Couple Dating App Gay Couple Dating Site Gay Cousins Dating Gay Cowboy Dating App Gay Crossdresser Dating Gay Cub Dating Gay Cupid Dating Gay Dad Son Dating Gay Daddy Dating App Gay Daddy Dating Site Gay Daddy Son Dating Gay Dating 2018 Gay Dating 2019 Gay Dating 50 Gay Dating Abbreviations Gay Dating Abu Dhabi Gay Dating Accra Gay Dating Acronyms Gay Dating Advice College Gay Dating Advice First Date Gay Dating Advice Second Date Gay Dating Advice Third Date Gay Dating After 30 Gay Dating After 50 Gay Dating Age Difference Gay Dating Age Gap Gay Dating Agency Gay Dating Agency Sydney Gay Dating Agency Uk Gay Dating Ahmedabad Gay Dating Alabama Gay Dating Albany Ny Gay Dating Albuquerque Gay Dating Allahabad Gay Dating Amsterdam Gay Dating and Gay Chat Apk Gay Dating and Hookup Gay Dating and Hookup Apps Gay Dating Ann Arbor Gay Dating App 2015 Gay Dating App 2017 Gay Dating App Amsterdam Gay Dating App Apk Gay Dating App Bangkok Gay Dating App Barcelona Gay Dating App Brazil Gay Dating App Bulgaria Gay Dating App China Gay Dating App Croatia Gay Dating App Denmark Gay Dating App Download Gay Dating App Europe Gay Dating App for Foreigners Gay Dating App for Older Guys Gay Dating App for Pc Gay Dating App for Professionals Gay Dating App for Under 18 Gay Dating App Germany Gay Dating App Hong Kong Gay Dating App Icons Gay Dating App in Australia Gay Dating App in China Gay Dating App in Japan Gay Dating App in Pakistan Gay Dating App in Uae Gay Dating App Indonesia Gay Dating App Ios Gay Dating App Israel Gay Dating App Istanbul Gay Dating App Like Tinder Gay Dating App List Gay Dating App Logos Gay Dating App Mumbai Gay Dating App New York Gay Dating App New Zealand Gay Dating App Online Gay Dating App Paris Gay Dating App Relationship Gay Dating App Reviews Gay Dating App Singapore Gay Dating App Site Gay Dating App Snapchat Gay Dating App Spain Gay Dating App Switzerland Gay Dating App Tips Gay Dating App Usa Gay Dating Application Gay Dating Apps 2014 Gay Dating Apps 2015 Gay Dating Apps 2016 Gay Dating Apps 2017 Gay Dating Apps Ab 16 Gay Dating Apps Around the World Gay Dating Apps Australia Gay Dating Apps Berlin Gay Dating Apps Besides Grindr Gay Dating Apps Canada Gay Dating Apps Cape Town Gay Dating Apps Chicago Gay Dating Apps China Gay Dating Apps College Gay Dating Apps Comparison Gay Dating Apps Dublin Gay Dating Apps Egypt Gay Dating Apps for 13 Year Olds Gay Dating Apps for 14 Year Olds Gay Dating Apps for 16 Year Olds Gay Dating Apps for 17 Year Olds Gay Dating Apps for Android Phones Gay Dating Apps for Blackberry Gay Dating Apps for Females Gay Dating Apps for Iphone Gay Dating Apps for Over 50 Gay Dating Apps for Pc Gay Dating Apps for Relationships Gay Dating Apps for Seniors Gay Dating Apps for Serious Relationships Gay Dating Apps for Under 18 Gay Dating Apps for Windows Phone Gay Dating Apps Free Download Gay Dating Apps Free India Gay Dating Apps Germany Gay Dating Apps in China Gay Dating Apps in Dubai Gay Dating Apps in Ghana Gay Dating Apps in Iran Gay Dating Apps in Nigeria Gay Dating Apps in Real Life Gay Dating Apps in Saudi Arabia Gay Dating Apps in Turkey Gay Dating Apps in Uk Gay Dating Apps in Usa Gay Dating Apps in Zimbabwe Gay Dating Apps Ios Gay Dating Apps Ireland Gay Dating Apps Like Grindr Gay Dating Apps Like Tinder Gay Dating Apps Los Angeles Gay Dating Apps Madrid Gay Dating Apps Montreal Gay Dating Apps Mumbai Gay Dating Apps Near Me Gay Dating Apps Netherlands Gay Dating Apps Not for Hookups Gay Dating Apps Nyc Gay Dating Apps Paris Gay Dating Apps Ranked Gay Dating Apps Romania Gay Dating Apps Seattle Gay Dating Apps Sydney Gay Dating Apps Test Gay Dating Apps Toronto Gay Dating Apps Uk Gay Dating Apps Vancouver Gay Dating Apps Vietnam Gay Dating Apps Without Location Gay Dating Argentina Gay Dating Arizona Gay Dating Atlanta Ga Gay Dating Auckland Gay Dating Austin Gay Dating Austin Tx Gay Dating Baguio City Gay Dating Bahrain Gay Dating Bali Gay Dating Ballarat Gay Dating Banglore Gay Dating Bangor Gay Dating Barcelona Gay Dating Baton Rouge Gay Dating Berlin Gay Dating Birmingham Gay Dating Birmingham Uk Gay Dating Blog Gay Dating Books Gay Dating Boston Ma Gay Dating Botswana Gay Dating Brazil Gay Dating Bridgend Gay Dating Brighton Gay Dating Brooklyn Gay Dating Brussels Gay Dating Buenos Aires Gay Dating Buffalo Gay Dating by Phone Gay Dating Cam Gay Dating Canton Ohio Gay Dating Cape Cod Gay Dating Cape Town Gay Dating Cardiff Gay Dating Central Coast Gay Dating Charlotte Nc Gay Dating Chat App Gay Dating Chattanooga Gay Dating Chelmsford Gay Dating Christchurch Gay Dating Cincinnati Gay Dating Club Gay Dating Coach Gay Dating Coach Nyc Gay Dating Colorado Springs Gay Dating Columbus Gay Dating Conversation Starters Gay Dating Copenhagen Gay Dating Cork Gay Dating Cornwall Gay Dating Corpus Christi Gay Dating Costa Rica Gay Dating Craigslist Gay Dating Crewe Gay Dating Curacao Gay Dating Dallas Gay Dating Dallas Tx Gay Dating Danmark Gay Dating Denmark Gay Dating Des Moines Gay Dating Difficulties Gay Dating Dk Gay Dating Dominican Republic Gay Dating Dublin Gay Dating Dublin Ireland Gay Dating Duluth Mn Gay Dating Durban Gay Dating Durham Gay Dating Edinburgh Gay Dating Edmonton Gay Dating Egypt Gay Dating El Paso Gay Dating El Paso Tx Gay Dating Email Newsletter Gay Dating England Gay Dating Essex Gay Dating Europe Gay Dating Events Gay Dating Events London Gay Dating Events Near Me Gay Dating Facebook Page Gay Dating Farmers Gay Dating Florida Gay Dating for 12 Year Olds Gay Dating for 14 Year Olds Gay Dating for 15 Year Olds Gay Dating for 17 Year Olds Gay Dating for Beginners Gay Dating for Introverts Gay Dating Format Pdf Gay Dating Format Pdf Download Gay Dating Fort Lauderdale Gay Dating Fort Myers Gay Dating Free App Gay Dating Fresno Gay Dating Galway Gay Dating Game Free Gay Dating Game Online Gay Dating Game Steam Gay Dating Games for Android Gay Dating Games Steam Gay Dating Gay Gay Dating Geelong Gay Dating Germany Gay Dating Glasgow Gay Dating Gloucester Gay Dating Gps Gay Dating Gran Canaria Gay Dating Grand Rapids Mi Gay Dating Greece Gay Dating Greenville Sc Gay Dating Group Gay Dating Guide Gay Dating Guwahati Gay Dating Halifax Gay Dating Hard Gay Dating Hartlepool Gay Dating Hawaii Gay Dating Help Gay Dating Hereford Gay Dating Honolulu Gay Dating Hookup Apps Gay Dating Hotline Gay Dating Houston Gay Dating Houston Tx Gay Dating Hudson Valley Gay Dating Hyderabad Gay Dating Iceland Gay Dating in Abu Dhabi Gay Dating in Atlanta Ga Gay Dating in College Gay Dating in Copenhagen Gay Dating in Dc Gay Dating in Denmark Gay Dating in Dubai Gay Dating in Fort Lauderdale Gay Dating in Ghana Gay Dating in Honolulu Gay Dating in Hyderabad Gay Dating in Israel Gay Dating in Jeddah Gay Dating in Kuwait Gay Dating in Middle School Gay Dating in New Orleans Gay Dating in North Carolina Gay Dating in Rural Areas Gay Dating in Saudi Arabia Gay Dating in Sharm El Sheikh Gay Dating in South Korea Gay Dating in the Military Gay Dating in Washington Dc Gay Dating in Your 20s Gay Dating in Your 40s Gay Dating in Your 50s Gay Dating Indianapolis Gay Dating Indonesia Gay Dating International Gay Dating Iowa City Gay Dating Iphone Apps Gay Dating Ipoh Gay Dating Ireland Gay Dating is So Hard Gay Dating Isle of Man Gay Dating Israel Gay Dating Issues Gay Dating Istanbul Gay Dating Jeddah Gay Dating Jerusalem Gay Dating Kampala Gay Dating Kansas City Gay Dating Kenya Gay Dating Key West Gay Dating Kingston Upon Thames Gay Dating Knoxville Gay Dating Kolkata Gay Dating Kuching Gay Dating Kuwait Gay Dating Lahore Gay Dating Las Vegas Gay Dating Leather Gay Dating Lebanon Gay Dating Leeds Gay Dating Leicester Gay Dating Leipzig Gay Dating Llanelli Gay Dating London England Gay Dating London Uk Gay Dating Long Island Gay Dating Long Term Relationship Gay Dating Los Angeles Ca Gay Dating Love Gay Dating Madison Wi Gay Dating Madrid Gay Dating Mailing List Gay Dating Maine Gay Dating Malaysia Gay Dating Malta Gay Dating Manchester Gay Dating Manchester Uk Gay Dating Manhattan Gay Dating Manila Gay Dating Map Gay Dating Massachusetts Gay Dating Matchmaker Gay Dating Maui Gay Dating Meetup Gay Dating Melbourne Gay Dating Middle East Gay Dating Middlesbrough Gay Dating Mississippi Gay Dating Mistakes Gay Dating Montgomery Al Gay Dating Mumbai Gay Dating Mumbai Facebook Gay Dating Naples Fl Gay Dating Nashville Gay Dating Network Gay Dating New Brunswick Gay Dating New Delhi Gay Dating New Orleans Gay Dating New Zealand Gay Dating Newfoundland


https://preview.redd.it/obr28dz11sj51.jpg?width=273&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=ad793d950b581b1848402f6f95cddb1bc52b7af6
submitted by IdolA28Augl to u/IdolA28Augl [link] [comments]


2020.08.28 18:09 HaulA28Augl Top Ten G-ay S-ex Da-ting New

Top Ten G-ay S-ex Da-ting New
Check the Profiles for Free >>>>>>>>>> 🔴►🔴► Dating
Gay Dating Websites in South Africa Gay Dating Websites Ireland Gay Dating Websites New Zealand Gay Guy Dating Websites Gay Lesbian Dating Websites International Gay Dating Websites Top Ten Gay Dating Websites American Gay Dating Website American Gay Dating Websites Bender Gay Dating Website Black Gay Dating Websites Canadian Gay Dating Websites China Gay Dating Website Dating Websites for Gay Guys Dating Websites for Gay People European Gay Dating Websites Famous Gay Dating Websites Free Gay and Lesbian Dating Websites Free Gay Dating Websites Uk Free Gay Lesbian Dating Websites Free Online Gay Dating Websites Free Websites for Gay Dating Gay and Lesbian Dating Website Gay and Lesbian Dating Websites Gay Arab Dating Website Gay Asian Dating Website Gay Bear Dating Website Gay Bear Dating Websites Gay Bi Dating Websites Gay Catholic Dating Website Gay Christian Dating Website Gay Dating Website Singapore Gay Dating Website South Africa Gay Dating Websites Australia Gay Dating Websites Bangalore Gay Dating Websites Boston Gay Dating Websites Chicago Gay Dating Websites England Gay Dating Websites for 14 Year Olds Gay Dating Websites for 16 Year Olds Gay Dating Websites France Gay Dating Websites Hyderabad Gay Dating Websites in India Gay Dating Websites in Ireland Gay Dating Websites in the Philippines Gay Dating Websites Nyc Gay Dating Websites Philippines Gay Dating Websites Scotland Gay Dating Websites South Africa Gay Dating Websites Sydney Gay Dating Websites Trinidad Gay Dating Websites Wiki Gay Girl Dating Website Gay Guys Dating Website Gay Indian Dating Website Gay Jewish Dating Website Gay Jewish Dating Websites Gay Male Dating Websites Gay Marriage Dating Website Gay Men Dating Website Gay Military Dating Websites Gay Sex Dating Website Gay Sugar Daddy Dating Website Gay Uk Dating Websites Gay Websites for Dating Good Free Gay Dating Websites Grinder Gay Dating Website Hiv Positive Gay Dating Website Irish Gay Dating Websites Israel Gay Dating Website Japanese Gay Dating Website Jewish Gay Dating Website Korean Gay Dating Websites List of Gay Dating Websites Local Gay Dating Websites Manhunt Gay Dating Website Most Popular Gay Dating Websites in India Namibia Gay Dating Website Older Gay Dating Websites Popular Gay Dating Websites Safe Gay Dating Websites Secret Gay Dating Websites Serious Gay Dating Websites Teen Gay Dating Website Teenage Gay Dating Websites Top 10 Free Gay Dating Websites Top 10 Gay Dating Websites Top 5 Gay Dating Websites Top Free Gay Dating Websites Top Gay Dating Websites Totally Free Gay Dating Websites Tunisian Gay Dating Website 00 Free Gay Dating Websites 13 Year Old Gay Dating Website A Gay Dating Website A Really Good Gay Dating Website Profile Introduction Abducting Gay Men on Dating Websites Absolutely Free Gay Dating Websites All Gay Dating Websites Alternative Gay Dating Websites Alternative Gay Dating Websites That Start With the Letter F Are There Any Gay Dating Websites Berlin Gay Dating Website Best Asian Gay Dating Websites Best Australian Gay Dating Website Best Dating Website for Gay Best Dating Website for Gay Men Not Sex Best Dating Website for Gaylord Mi Best Dating Websites for Gay Me Best Dating Websites for Gay Men Reddit Best Dating Websites Gay Best Free Gay Dating Hookup Website Best Free Gay Dating Website Uk Best Free Gay Dating Websites Uk Best Gay Dating Apps Websites Best Gay Dating Website 2013 Best Gay Dating Website 2014 Best Gay Dating Website 2015 Best Gay Dating Website Canada Best Gay Dating Website Europe Best Gay Dating Website in India Best Gay Dating Website in Pakistan Best Gay Dating Website in Uk Best Gay Dating Website in Usa Best Gay Dating Website London Best Gay Dating Website Nyc Best Gay Dating Website Usa Best Gay Dating Websites 2012 Best Gay Dating Websites 2013 Best Gay Dating Websites 2014 Uk Best Gay Dating Websites 2015 Best Gay Dating Websites 2017 Best Gay Dating Websites Free Best Gay Dating Websites in the Uk Best Gay Dating Websites Ireland Best Gay Dating Websites London Best Gay Downlow Dating Website Best Gay Online Dating Website Ireland Best Gay Online Dating Websites Australia Best Gay Online Dating Websites Australia Free Best Gay Online Dating Websites Australia Reviews Best Gay Online Dating Websites Canada Best Gay Online Dating Websites Canada 2017 Best Gay Online Dating Websites Canada 2018 Best Gay Online Dating Websites Canada Free Best Gay Online Dating Websites for Serious Relationships Best Gay Online Dating Websites for Serious Relationships Canada Best Gay Online Dating Websites in Usa Best Gay Online Dating Websites Ireland Best Long Term Relationship Dating Website for Gay Men Best Online Gay Dating Website Best Online Gay Dating Websites Best Website for Dating Gay Men Over 50 Best Website for Discreet Gay Dating Besy Gay Website for Lesbian Dating Bi and Gay Chub Dating Websites Big Cock Gay Dating Website Biggest Gay Dating Website Uk Biggest Gay Dating Websites Blender Gay Dating Website Blendr Gay Dating Website Botswana Gay Dating Website Brazil Gay Dating Website Cam to Cam Gay Dating Websites Canada Gay Dating Website Chennai Gay Dating Website Chennai Gay Dating Websites Chinese Gay Dating Website Completely Free Gay Dating Website Gay Speed Dating Gay Speed Dating Nyc Gay Speed Dating Near Me Gay Speed Dating Los Angeles Gay Speed Dating Vancouver San Diego Gay Speed Dating Gay Speed Dating Dublin Gay Speed Dating in Charlotte Nc Gay Speed Dating Orange County Gay Speed Dating Birmingham Gay Speed Dating Los Angeles 2018 Gay Speed Dating Miami Gay Speed Dating Washington Dc Gay Speed Dating in Atlanta Speed Dating Barcelona Gay Speed Dating Gay Toronto Gay Chicago Speed Dating Gay Speed Dating Berlin Gay Speed Dating Chicago Gay Speed Dating Columbus Ohio Gay Speed Dating Dallas Texas Gay Speed Dating London Reviews Gay Speed Dating Long Island Gay Speed Dating New Jersey Gay Speed Dating Nj Local Gay Speed Dating San Francisco Gay Speed Dating Sf Gay Speed Dating Sydney Gay Speed Dating Gay and Straight Speed Dating London Gay Speed Dating Bay Area Gay Speed Dating Bristol Gay Speed Dating Dallas Gay Speed Dating Denver Gay Speed Dating Edinburgh Gay Speed Dating Events Near Me Gay Speed Dating in New York Gay Speed Dating in New York City Gay Speed Dating in Sydney Gay Speed Dating Indianapolis Gay Speed Dating Las Vegas Gay Speed Dating San Francisco Gay Speed Dating Toronto Gay Speed Dating West Hollywood How Does Gay Speed Dating Work Nyc Speed Dating Gay Speed Dating for Gays Big Gay Sketch Show Lesbian Speed Dating Big Gay Sketch Show Speed Dating Birmingham Gay Speed Dating Black Gay Speed Dating Nyc Boston Gay Speed Dating Dc Gay Speed Dating Gay and Lesbian Speed Dating Gay Professional Speed Dating Gay Speed Dating Atlanta Gay Speed Dating Atlanta Ga Gay Speed Dating Austin Gay Speed Dating Baltimore Gay Speed Dating Barcelona Gay Speed Dating Boston Gay Speed Dating Boston Ma Gay Speed Dating Brighton Gay Speed Dating Brighton 2013 Gay Speed Dating Calgary Gay Speed Dating Cape Town Gay Speed Dating Charlotte Nc Gay Speed Dating Cleveland Ohio Gay Speed Dating Dallas Tx Gay Speed Dating Dc Gay Speed Dating Events Gay Speed Dating Events Chicago Gay Speed Dating Events London Gay Speed Dating Events Manchester Gay Speed Dating Fort Lauderdale Gay Speed Dating Glasgow Gay Speed Dating Houston Gay Speed Dating in Chicago Gay Speed Dating in Philadelphia Gay Speed Dating in Toronto Gay Speed Dating Liverpool Gay Speed Dating London Gay Speed Dating Long Beach Gay Speed Dating Manchester Gay Speed Dating Melbourne Gay Speed Dating Melbourne Australia Gay Speed Dating Minneapolis Gay Speed Dating New York Gay Speed Dating New York City Gay Speed Dating Oakland Gay Speed Dating Online Gay Speed Dating Orlando Gay Speed Dating Ottawa Gay Speed Dating Philadelphia Gay Speed Dating Philippines Gay Speed Dating Phoenix Gay Speed Dating Pittsburgh Gay Speed Dating Portland Gay Speed Dating Raleigh Nc Gay Speed Dating Richmond Va Gay Speed Dating Sacramento Gay Speed Dating San Antonio Tx Gay Speed Dating San Diego Gay Speed Dating Seattle Gay Speed Dating Sf Bay Area Gay Speed Dating St Louis Gay Speed Dating Stockholm Gay Speed Dating Sydney Gay Speed Dating Tampa Gay Speed Dating Uk Little Gay Book Speed Dating Phoenix Gay Speed Dating Portland Gay Speed Dating Speed Dating Gay Los Angeles Speed Dating Gay Madrid Speed Dating Gay Montreal Speed Dating Gay Paris Speed Dating Madrid Gay Asheville Gay Speed Dating Austin Gay Speed Dating Baltimore Gay Speed Dating Best Gay Speed Dating London Big Fat Gay Comedy Sketch Show Lesbian Speed Dating Big Gay Comedy Sketch Show Lesbian Speed Dating Big Gay Sketch Lesbian Speed Dating Black Gay Speed Dating Dc Brighton Gay Speed Dating Brisbane Gay Speed Dating Bristol Gay Speed Dating Cardiff Gay Speed Dating Charlotte Gay Speed Dating Cincinnati Gay Speed Dating Cleveland Gay Speed Dating Columbus Gay Speed Dating Dallas Gay Speed Dating Dear Pluto Gay Speed Dating Denver Gay Speed Dating Detroit Gay Speed Dating Pof Gay Dating Gay Dating O Pof Is Pof a Gay Dating App Kynan 44 Years Old Gay Dating Pof Gay Dating Manhunt Gay Dating Silverdaddies Dating for Mature Gay Men Discreet Gay Dating Squirt Gay Dating Gay Teen Dating Adam4adam Gay Dating Recon Gay Dating Gay Dating Sim Gay Dating Advice A4a Gay Dating Gay Dating Near Me Gay Men Dating Adam for Adam Gay Dating Gay Asian Dating Gays Go Dating Reddit Gay Dating Adam4adam Gay Dating Mobile Black Gay Dating Gay Bdsm Dating Gay Dating Show Gay Senior Dating Interracial Gay Dating Jack D Gay Chat & Dating Chubby Gay Dating Gay Bear Dating Gay Dating Nyc Jackd Gay Dating Mature Gay Dating Older Gay Men Dating Gay Christian Dating Gay Daddy Dating Gay Dating Games Gay Sex Dating Discreet Gay Dating Com Gay Dating Service Gay Dating Tips Gay Fuckbook Dating Is Tinder for Gay Dating Taimi Gay Dating Adam4adam Radar Gay Dating Gps Gay Bareback Dating Gay Dating Chicago Gay Dating Discord Gay Dating Los Angeles Gay Hookup Dating Adam4adamn Gay Dating Craigslist Gay Dating Gay Black Men Dating Gay Dating Atlanta Gay Dating Boston Gay Dating Japan Gay Dating Meme Gay Dating San Francisco Gay Dating Seattle Gay Dating Sights Gay Men Dating Women Gay Military Dating Gay Sugar Daddy Dating Grindr Gay Dating Hornet Gay Dating Match Gay Dating Walmart Gay Dating Ad Adam4adamn Gay Dating Login Page Fat Gay Dating Gay Christian Dating Advice Gay Com Dating Gay Couple Dating Gay


https://preview.redd.it/oxqb2022prj51.jpg?width=275&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=0b29b88c7989e2f8087521eb3d11f0832af1d9c2
submitted by HaulA28Augl to u/HaulA28Augl [link] [comments]